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Full text of "The Improvement Era"



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THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



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^Articles of Jaitb 

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The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 



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e believe in God, the Eternal Father, and in His Son, Jesus Christ, and in the 5 

Holy Ghost. 

e believe that men will be punished for their own sins, and not for Adam's \ 

transgression. 

W/e believe that through the Atonement of Christ, all mankind may be saved, 
" by obedience to the laws and ordinances of the Gospel. 

W/e believe that the first principles and ordinances of the Gospel are: first, 
" Faith in the Lord Jesus Christ; second, Repentance; third, Baptism by im- 
mersion for the remission of sins; fourth, Laying on of hands for the gift of the 
Holy Ghost. 

W/e believe that a man must be called of God, by prophecy, and by the laying \ 

V on of hands, by those who are in authority to preach the Gospel and admin- 
ister in the ordinances thereof. 



X 



X 



X 



E believe in the same organization that existed in the Primitive Church, viz., j£ 

apostles, prophets, pastors, teachers, evangelists, etc. 

W/e believe in the gift of tongues, prophecy, revelation, visions, healing, interpre- 
** tation of tongues, etc. ? 

W/e believe the Bible to be the word of God as far as it is translated correctly; 

" we also believe the Book of Mormon to be the word of God. a 

71 

W/e believe all that God has revealed, all that He does now reveal, and we 

" believe that He will yet reveal many great and important things pertaining 

to the Kingdom of God. jj 

W/e believe in the literal gathering of Israel and in the restoration of the Ten 
" Tribes; that Zion will be built upon this [the American] continent; that 
Christ will reign personally upon the earth; and, that the earth will be renewed ? 

and receive its paradisiacal glory. 

W/e claim the privilege of worshiping Almighty God according to the dictates •* 

'" of our own conscience, and allow all men the same privilege, let them wor- 
ship how, where, or what they may. 

W/e believe in being subject to kings, presidents, rulers, and magistrates, in 
™ obeying, honoring, and sustaining the law. 



W/e believe in being honest, true, chaste, benevolent, virtuous, and in doing Jx 

" good to all men; indeed, we may say that we follow the admonition of 
Paul — We believe all things, we hope all things, we have endured many things, 
and hope to be able to endure all things. If there is anything virtuous, lovely, 
or of good report or praiseworthy, we seek after these things. — Joseph Smith. 

I U W tf V «K M« tf* « « « « «« VV tfW S fV tf V S> V W— 'I 

786 THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




The Los Angeles Temple at night. 



— Photograph by Daniel W. Brock 




jnd verily I say unto you, let this house be built 
unto my name, that I may reveal mine ordinances 
therein unto my people; 




(or I deign to reveal unto my church things 
which have been kept hid from before the foundation 
of the world, things that pertain to the dispensation 
of the fulness of times. 



(D&C 124:40-41.) 



NOVEMBER 1955 



787 




"The Voice of the Church" 




r^ r^ r>J VOLUME 58 r*J NUMBER 11 r^ fjovembr 1955 



Editors: DAVID O. McKAY - RICHARD L. EVANS 

Managing Editor: DOYLE L. GREEN 

Associate Managing Editor: MARBA C. JOSEPHSON 

Production Editor: ELIZABETH J. MOFFITT 

Research Editor: ALBERT L. ZOBELL, JR. 

Manuscript Editor: ALLIE HOWE 

Contributing Editors: ARCHIBALD F. BENNETT - G. HOMER DURHAM 

FRANKLIN S. HARRIS, JR. - MILTON R. HUNTER - HUGH NIBLEY 

LEE A. PALMER - CLAUDE B. PETERSEN - SIDNEY B. SPERRY 

General Manager: ELBERT R. CURTIS - Associate Manager: BERTHA S. REEDER 

Business Manager: JOHN D. GILES - Advertising Director: VERL F. SCOTT 

Subscription Director: A. GLEN SNARR 



The Editor's Page 

The Purpose oF the Temple President David O. McKay 793 

Church Features 

Your Question: Was Temple Work Done in the Days of the Old 

Prophets? Joseph Fielding Smith 794 

Dedicatory Addresses Delivered at the Swiss Temple Dedication 

President David O. McKay 795 

The Los Angeles Temple Edward O. Anderson 802 

The London Temple Albert L. Zobell, Jr. 808 

A Temple in the South Pacific , - - -Allie Howe 811 

Some Thoughts on Ancient Temples and their Functions 

Sidney B. Sperry 814 

The Way of the Church — The Apocalyptic Background — Part I 

Hugh Nibley 817 

LDS Temples, The Kirtland Temple, The Nauvoo Temple .820 

The St. George Temple, The Logan Temple — 821 

The Salt Lake Temple, The Manti Temple - 822 

The Hawaiian Temple, The Canadian Temple 823 

The Arizona Temple, The Idaho Falls Temple 824 

Interiors oF the Los Angeles Temple between pages 816 and 817 

The Church Moves On 789 Presiding Bishopric's Page 834 

Melehizedek Priesthood 832 



Special Features 



With the President in Europe Clare Middlemiss 799 

John D. Giles— 1883-1955 - George Q. Morris 801 

Map of the Los Angeles Temple Area 825 

The Spoken Word from Temple Square 

...Richard L. Evans 831, 840, 846, 847 

These Times, A New Horizon in 
Southern California, G. Homer 

Today's Family 

Lewella Christiansen Gives 

Thanks, Allie Howe 836 

Getting Ready for Sunday, Verda 



Durham 790 

On the Bookrack 791 



Mae Christensen 838 

For That Nippy Night 839 

Your Page and Ours 848 



Stories, Poetry 



High Adventure— Part I - S. Dilworth Young 818 

A Temple in Los Angeles, Helen 

Kimball Orgill 831 

After Storm, Helen Manng 838 

Heart Binding, Verda P. Bollsch- 
weiler 843 



Frontispiece, Los Angeles Temple, 

". . . let this house be built" 787 

Poetry Page 792 

A Teacher's Quest, Mirla Green- 
wood Thayne 828 



yjrhcial \Jrqan or 

THE PRIESTHOOD QUORUMS, 
MUTUAL IMPROVEMENT ASSO- 
CIATIONS, DEPARTMENT OF 
EDUCATION, MUSIC COMMITTEE, 
WARD TEACHERS, AND OTHER 
AGENCIES OF 

Jke L^nurcn or 
or oLatter-dau ^Dalnti 



Jhe C-c 



over 



Etched against the skyline of Los Angeles 
where it may also be seen from far out at 
sea, this temple was photographed in 
natural color by Hal Rumel and repro- 
duced as a feature of this special temple 
issue of The Improvement Era. 



Due to the many special articles on the 
temples, many of our regular features were 
omitted from this issue. Watch for them 
next time. 



EDITORIAL AND BUSINESS OFFICES 

50 North Main Street 

Y.M.M.I.A. Offices, 50 North Main St. 

Y.W.M.I.A. Offices. 40 North Main St. 

Salt Lake City 16, Utah 

Copyright 1955 by Mutual Funds, Inc., and 
published by the Mutual Improvement Asso- 
ciations of the Church of Jesus Christ of Lat- 
ter-day Saints. All rights reserved. Sub- 
scription price, $2.50 a year, in advance ; 
foreign subscriptions, $3.00 a year, in advance. 

Entered at the Post Office, Salt Lake City, 
Utah, as second-class matter. Acceptance for 
mailing at special rate of postage provided 
for in section 1103. Act of October 1917, au- 
thorized July 2, 1918. 

The Improvement Era is not responsible for 
unsolicited manuscripts, but welcomes con- 
tributions. All manuscripts must be accom- 
panied by sufficient postage for delivery and 
return. 

Change of Address 

Thirty days' notice required for change of 
address. When ordering a change, please in- 
clude address slip from a recent issue of 
the magazine. Address changes cannot be 
made unless the old address as well as the new 
one is included. 



National Advertising Representatives 



EDWARD S. TOWNSEND COMPANY 

110 Sutter St. 

San Francisco, California 

EDWARD S. TOWNSEND COMPANY 
672 Lafayette Park Place 
Los Angeles 57, California 

SADLER AND SANGSTON ASSOCIATES 

342 Madison Ave. 

New York 17, N. Y. 

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30 N. LaSalle St. 

Chicago, Illinois 



Member, Audit Bureau of Circulations 



788 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



The 




Moves On 



A Day To Day Chronology Of Church Events 



August 1955 

O A Scores of the final games of the all- 
,nd v Church junior softball tournament: 
San Diego 2, Inglewood 1 (first and 
second places); Salt Lake Thirtieth 16, 
Central Park (third and seventh); 
Ogden Twenty-seventh 7, Clearfield 
Second 3 (fourth and eighth); Mont- 
pelier 5, St. David 1 (fifth and ninth); 
Chandler 4, Layton Fifth 3 (a ten in- 
ning game which awarded Chandler 
sixth place and consolation; Layton 
placed tenth in the tournament). Ingle- 
wood received the sportsmanship award. 

Elder Julius B. Papa, formerly first 
counselor in the Gridley (Cali- 
fornia) Stake presidency, succeeds Presi- 
dent Harry E. McClure as stake presi- 
dent. Elder Wilbur F. Mills, formerly 
second counselor, sustained as first coun- 
selor, and Elder Leslie H. Nims sus- 
tained as second counselor. 

i\ o Nearly twenty-five hundred music 
" ^ lovers of Manchester, England, 
gave a thunderous reception to the con- 
cert of the Salt Lake Tabernacle Choir 
in historic Free Trade Hall. 



23 



The annual senior all-Church 
softball tournament opened in Salt 
Lake City. Scores of today's games: 
Ogden Thirty- fourth 6, Oak City 0; Hib- 
bard 7, Richland (forfeit); Murray 
Second 6, Vermont 4; Pleasant Green 2, 
West Weber 1; Phoenix Seventh 12, 
Salt Lake City Twenty-ninth 3; Wells- 
ville 6, Lethbridge 0; Southgate 3, Rich- 
field 2; Orem First 12, Malad Fourth 5; 
St. George 7, San Mateo 0; Glendora 5, 
Fairmont 3; Providence 5, Nyssa 0; 
Naples 2, Kaysville 0; Murray First 15, 
Grace First 9; Mesa Eighth 6, Provo 
Eleventh 4; Syracuse 11, Bountiful 
Tenth 4; San Antonio 5, Concord 0. 



24 



The Tabernacle Choir presented 
its concert at Sophia Gardens in 
Cardiff, Wales. 

Scores in today's senior all-Church 
softball tournament: San Antonio 2, 
Southgate 0; Wellsville 5, Phoenix 1; 
Pleasant Green 11, Murray Second 1; 
Ogden Thirty- fourth 15, Hibbard 1; 
Mesa Eighth 7, Syracuse 1; Naples 6, 
Murray First 5; Glendora 2, Providence 
1 (ten innings) ; Orem First 8, St. George 
3; Oak City advanced with a bye. Rich- 
field Second 17, Concord 8; Vermont 
6, West Weber 4; Lethbridge 4, Salt 
Lake City Twenty-ninth 2; Kaysville 
Second 21, Grace First 2; San Mateo 
NOVEMBER 1955 



15, Malad 6; Fairmont 8, Nyssa 1; 
Bountiful Tenth 4, Provo Eleventh 3. 

O fC Scores in today's senior all-Church 
" ** softball tournament: Pleasant 
Green 1, Ogden Thirty-fourth 0; San 
Antonio 2, Wellsville 1; Orem First 9, 
Glendora 6; Mesa Eighth 14, Naples 0; 
Flibbard 9, Murray Second 1; Phoenix 
2, Southgate 1; Providence 7, St. George 
0; Syracuse 4, Murray First 1; Leth- 
bridge 2, Richfield First 1; Vermont 16, 
Oak Ctiy 7: Fairmont 9, San Mateo 5; 
Kaysville Third 3, Bountiful Tenth 2. 

O D Scores in today's senior all-Church 
" " softball tournament: San Antonio 
2, Pleasant Green 0; Orem First 3, Mesa 
Eighth 1; Ogden Thirty-fourth 2, Wells- 
ville 0; Phoenix 12, Hibbard 1; Glen- 
dora 3, Naples 1; Providence 3, Syra- 
cuse 2 (eleven innings) ; Lethbridge 3, 
Vermont 2; Kaysville 3, Fairmont 1. 

O H Amid appropriate ceremonies at 
" Newchapel, Surrey County, Eng- 
land, President David O. McKay broke 
ground for the new British Temple. 
Others participating in the ground break- 
ing were Elder Richard L. Evans of 
the Council of the Twelve, Elder Ed- 
ward O. Anderson, temple architect, Sir 
Thomas Bennett, British architect who 
has assisted with the plans, and Presi- 
dent A. Hamer Reiser of the British 
Mission. 

Final games of the senior all-Church 
softball tournament were played with 
San Antonio defeating Orem First by a 
score of 4 to for first and second places 
Other scores were Pleasant Green 5, 
Mesa Eighth 2 (third and seventh) ; 
Ogden Thirty-fourth 3, Glendora 
(fourth and eighth); Phoenix 8, Provi- 
dence (fifth and ninth) ; Kaysville 
Third 3, Lethbridge 1 (sixth and tenth). 
Kaysville Third won consolation hon- 
ors and Naples was awarded the sports- 
manship trophy. 

O O Elder Harold B. Lee of the Coun- 
" ° cil of the Twelve dedicated the 
Murray (Utah) Stake center, which will 
also be the home of the Murray Fifth, 
Seventh, and Ninth wards. 

Elder LeGrand Richards of the Coun- 
cil of the Twelve dedicated the chapel 
of the Claremont Ward, Berkeley (Cali- 
fornia) Stake. 

Elder Thorpe B. Isaacson of the Pre- 
siding Bishopric dedicated the chapel of 
the Yreka (California) Branch, Klamath 
Stake. 

Honolulu Stake, 222nd in the Church, 
was organized from parts of Oahu 



(Hawaii) Stake with President Jay A. 
Quealy, Jr., and his counselors, Elders 
James E. Hallstrom and Lawrence E. 
Haneberg, sustained. With a member- 
ship of 4141, Honolulu Stake has the 
following wards and branches: Au- 
waiolimu, Waikiki, Kaimuki, Kahala, 
Waimanalo Branch, Kailua Branch, 
Kaneohe. President Edward L. Clissold 
was re-sustained as president of the 
Oahu Stake. Elder Max W. Moody was 
sustained as the new first counselor, 
succeeding Elder Fred E. Lunt, and 
Elder George K. Kekauoha was re- 
sustained as second counselor. Oahu 
Stake, with a membership of 4961, has 
the following wards and branches: 
Lanakila, Kalihi, Kalihi-Kai, Pearl City 
Branch, Nanakuli Branch, Wahiawa, 
Laie, Laie Second, Hauula Branch. 
President Joseph Fielding Smith and 
Elder Adam S. Bennion of the Council 
of the Twelve were in charge of these 



organizations. 



Elder Ben E. Lewis sustained as presi- 
dent of the East Sharon (Utah) Stake, 
succeeding President Henry D. Taylor, 
recently named to preside in the Cali- 
fornia Mission. Elders R. Bliss Allred 
and Elmer L. Terry sustained as coun- 
selors. They succeed Elders William 
C. Faulkner and Bertrand A. Childs. 

O 1 The Salt Lake Tabernacle Choir 
presented its concert in Amster- 
dam, Holland. 

September 1955 

The Salt Lake Tabernacle Choir 
presented its concert at Schevenin- 
gen, Holland. 

O The First Presidency announced 
the appointment of Elder Henry 
A. Smith as president of the Central 
Atlantic States Mission, succeeding 
President Claude W. Nalder, deceased. 
President Smith is currently serving as 
president of the Pioneer (Salt Lake 
City) Stake, and as second vice chair- 
man of the Pioneer Region of the 
Church welfare program. He is a former 
counselor in the stake presidency, a 
former member of the general board of 
the Deseret Sunday School, and a former 
superintendent of the Pioneer Stake 
Sunday Schools. Accompanying him to 
this new field of labor will be Mrs. 
Smith and their two youngest daughters, 
Myrna and Julie. 

The Salt Lake Tabernacle Choir gave 
its concert in Copenhagen, Denmark. 
(Continued on following page) 

7ev 



These Times- 



A New Horizon in Southern California 



by Dr. G. Homer Durham 

VICE PRESIDENT, UNIVERSITY OF UTAH 



\ s this number of the Era was pre- 
pared, President David O. McKay 
was in western Europe, and the Presi- 
dent of the Council of the Twelve was 
completing a tour of East Asia and some 
of its offshore islands. The Salt Lake 
Tabernacle Choir was "concertizing" in 
Europe. Dedicated were a temple site 
near London and a completed edifice 
in Bern, Switzerland. All these events 
were symbolizing new horizons in Eu- 
rope and Asia. 1 

Now, in Los Angeles, California, is 
the largest "House of the Lord" raised, 
to date, by the Church of Jesus Christ 
of Latter-day Saints. Symbolically and 
in reality, the Los Angeles Temple con- 
stitutes a new horizon in the industrial, 
commercial, agricultural, and cultural 
capital of the American Southwest. Los 
Angeles is the pivot of that great west- 
ern section of the United States de- 
scribed in these columns one month ago. 
It is not unlikely that the member- 
ship of the Church in the city of Los 
Angeles will, in the near future, out- 
strip that of Salt Lake City, as the 
great metropolis west of Cajon Pass 
continues to grow and develop. So, new 
horizons beckon in Southern California. 

By day, the towering spire at Santa 
Monica Boulevard and Malcolm Avenue, 
composes one of three principal land- 
marks of the vast city — together with the 
Civic Center and the La Brea Towers, 
that impressive housing facility dominat- 
ing "Miracle Mile." By night, the 
floodlit steeple and its trumpeting angel 
shines as the principal beacon of West 
Los Angeles. From the mansions of 
Bel-Air, the shops of Pico or the streams 
of traffic swirling on Wilshire, Olympic, 
National, or Sepulveda boulevards, the 



temple can be seen and directions reck- 
oned. 

Nearby, to the north, beyond West- 
wood village, are the great buildings of 
the University of California at Los 
Angeles. Fronted on Le Conte Avenue 
by the eventual forty million dollar 
medical center of that great institution, 
thousands of students in graduate and 
professional schools can see a new fea- 
ture of the skyline between the campus 
and the Baldwin Hills. Part of their 
universe of cognition hereafter, at the 
Westwood campus, will be this new 
element in the horizon to the south. 
What does it stand for? What will the 
spire signify to these select, trained 
men and women who will, in part, lead 
our professional and scientific life in 
the future? What will it signify to the 
thousands sweeping by in the endless 
traffic? What will it signify to the 
men of Hollywood returning to their 
domiciles in Holmby Hills, to the peo- 
ple in the acres of homes roundabout? 

Here, obviously, is a monument pe- 
culiar to the genius of a unique Amer- 
ican religious experience, born on the 
frontier of western New York, ever mov- 
ing to its desert-mountain capital in the 
Great Basin. Its security realized and 
its adherents recognized as welcome and 
worthy exponents of American (and 
other national) life, their acceptance as 
friends and neighbors has become in- 
ternational. Thus the Los Angeles Tem- 
ple, together with its sister edifices 
at home and abroad, suggests a triumph 
not only for the unique revelation 
that inspires Mormonism, but also for 
the development of common bonds of 



x See "A New Horizon For Europe," Era, December 
1952. 



understanding and tolerance that may 
eventually unite all men in all lands, 
whether confirmed in the same religious 
faith or not. It stands there in its 
unique sense, a new witness for Christ 
— a reminder that the teachings of the 
Sermon on the Mount represent a still- 
unreached standard of personal and so- 
cial conduct, professed or unprofessed. 
To those of Judaism and the non- 
Christian faiths, the temple may well 
recall Israel's struggle to establish a 
singular form of worship and to rear 
temples in earlier times in other climes. 
A reminder of the past, it is also a 
monitor for conscience in the future, 
especially for those who are privileged 
to enter its doorways. Those who are 
enabled to enter the house of the Lord 
have the unusual responsibility to try 
to achieve the individual and social 
conduct outlined by him to whom the 
house is dedicated. If those who enter 
exhibit at some future day in their lives 
more of meekness, of hungering and 
thirsting after righteousness — -if they be- 
come more merciful and come to reflect 
in their lives more intelligence and 
more purity of heart, then will the new 
spire in Los Angeles (as the new spire 
in Bern) come to have meaning for 
the passers-by, for the busy housewife 
entering the Westward-Ho supermarket 
on Westwood Boulevard; for the student 
or high-domed professor glancing out 
of his office window at UCLA, the 
Hollywood director reading a script be- 
fore his swimming pool in Bel-Air, and 
the suffering army veteran peering from 
his hospital window at Sawtelle. Then, 
and only then, will there be possible 
a real new horizon in these times in 
Southern California. 



(Continued from preceding page) 

M President David O. McKay dedi- 
* cated the French Mission home in 
Paris. 

The Salt Lake Tabernacle Choir par- 
ticipated in sacred service in Copen- 
hagen, Denmark. 

Elder George C. Ficklin sustained as 
president of the South Bear River Stake, 
succeeding President Clifton G. M. Kerr, 
recently called to preside in the British 
Mission. Elders Reese B. Mason and 

790 



THE CHURCH MOVES ON 

Deloris Leo Stokes sustained as coun- 
selors to President Ficklin. President 
Kerr's counselors, Elders Reginald Hun- 
saker and Wayne Sandall were released 
with him. 

O The Salt Lake Tabernacle Choir 
" presented its scheduled concert in 
Berlin's Schoeneberg Sportshall, and a 
second, unscheduled concert for refugees 
from the East German Zone. 

O President David O. McKay cele- 
" brated the eighty-second anniver- 



sary of his birth quietly at Bern, Switz- 
erland. 

The Salt Lake Tabernacle Choir pre- 
sented its concert in Wiesbaden, a short 
distance from Frankfurt, Germany. 

A The Swiss Temple was opened 
" and guided tours were given to 
public officials and others. 

The First Presidency announced the 

appointment of Elder J. Earl Lewis as 

president of the Canadian Mission. He 

(Continued on page 847) 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



On The Bookracfc 



WHERE IS WISDOM? 
(Stephen L Richards, Deseret Book 
Company, Salt Lake City. 1955. 419 
pages $3.50.) 

For many years President Richards as 
a member of the General Authori- 
ties has been among those who prompted 
the thoughtful direction of the Church 
in the way it should go. His addresses 
both among the Latter-day Saint assem- 
blages and civic and business groups 
have promoted good results. 

President Richards has brought to all 
who have been privileged to listen to 
him new insight into old doctrine and 
familiarity with new ideas. His address 
to the National Bankers' Association, for 
instance, set into action a policy on in- 
stalment buying that has revolutionized 
that activity. 

President Richards has captured the 
essence of the principles of the religion 
of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- 
day Saints and has brought it to his 
readers with the forcefulness of a master 
leader. Among the subjects that he treats 
which are of vital import to young and 
old in the Church are: gambling, tithing, 
free agency, work, repentance, the Word 
of Wisdom, the origin of man, and many 
other subjects. The diversity of the 
material he treats is only equalled by 
the places where he delivered his ad- 
dresses — and the messages also have 
variety, even while they all point to the 
one end: the making of a man who can 
be called a son of God. 

Not all of President Richards' ad- 
dresses could be included in the con- 
fines of one book; consequently, from 
some of his additional talks some of the 
salient excerpts have been selected and 
listed alphabetically under headings to 
make them useful for readers and speak- 
ers. Surely, Where Is Wisdom? is a 
book that must be in every Latter-day 
Saint library. 

HISTORY OF THE YWMIA 
(Marba C Josephson. YWMIA, Salt 
Lake City. 1955. 400 pages, 11 plates. 
$1.00.) 

Here is a story of eighty-five years of 
continued progress. The author 
has been Associate Editor and Associate 
Managing Editor, of The Improvement 
Era since 1935, and so has been for the 
last two decades one of the most active 
participants in the story which she 
writes. 

Although labeled a "history" — and 
properly so — the book has a style that 
is not strictly chronological, but topi- 
cal. This adds both to the ease of 
reading and clearness of understanding; 
moreover, inasmuch as the later topics 
deal with problems that are the out- 
growth of earlier factors, the book no- 
NOVEMBER 1955 



where loses the sense of continuity in 
progress that has featured the Mutual 
organization from the start. The book 
"moves," as did the association whose 
development is here chronicled. 

From its inception as a "Retrench- 
ment Association" in President Brigham 
Young's family through its spread to the 
wards and stakes down to its present 
Church- wide scope; from the struggling 
Young Woman's Journal on which 
"$10.00 a month was allowed for a 
stenographer and typewriter" with "an 
additional $2.50 a month for proof- 
reading" down to the present The Im- 
provement Era; through the develop- 
ment of the beautiful symbolism of the 
Bee Hive and Gleaner groups; and 
from the question of proper age limits 
down to the present Senior Special In- 
terest groups consisting of people who 
have outgrown the MIA age but refuse 
to graduate — all these topics and many 
others are treated with painstaking de- 
tail and heartwarming appreciation. 

Not the least valuable portion of the 
book is the last hundred pages devoted 
to six appendices which contain a 
wealth of biographical and statistical 
data; this section makes the book a 
valuable work of reference, in addition 
to its primary value as a story of the 
growth of the young women's organized 
activities. 

Two types of people can read this 
book with interest and benefit: first, 
those who once attended Mutual, who 
are bound to find in this book something 
that rouses reminiscent appreciation; 
and second, those who did not attend 
Mutual, and who still have a lot to 
learn.— S. B. T. 

THE TEN COMMANDMENTS 
TODAY 

(Deseret Book Company, Salt Lake City. 
149 pages. 1955. $2.00.) 
nPHis compilation of chapters on the 
Ten Commandments has been writ- 
ten by the General Authorities plus two 
experts in their fields. Those who have 
written these definitive answers to what 
the Ten Commandments may mean in 
the lives of people in the atomic 
age include, President Joseph Fielding 
Smith, Harold B. Lee, Spencer W. Kim- 
ball, Mark E. Petersen, LeGrand Rich- 
ards, Adam S. Bennion, and Richard L. 
Evans, of the Council of the Twelve; 
General Superintendent Elbert R. Curtis 
of the YMMIA, and W. Cleon Skousen 
of Brigham Young University, formerly 
with the FBI. 

The revelation of the Decalogue to the 
children of Israel through Moses was 
as much for the Saints of the modern 
days as for those who lived in the far- 
off times.— M. C. J. 



THE KINGDOM OF GOD 
RESTORED 

(Carter E. Grant. Deseret Book Com- 
pany, Salt Lake City. 602 pp. 1955. 
$4.00.) 

IN this book Carter E. Grant has put 
the results of a lifetime of Church 
history and doctrine. As a leader of 
youth for thirty-one years through the 
seminaries and principal during twenty- 
five years of that time, he knows what 
interests people as well as to present 
authentic material in a palatable way. 
He also has ferreted out some unknown 
facts that make his study of the kingdom 
of peculiar importance and signifi- 
cance. Written in a dramatic manner, 
The Kingdom of God Restored will pro- 
vide many hours of stimulating reading. 

Not the least important of the mate- 
rial he includes are the personal inter- 
est items that he has gleaned from the 
families, like his own, of pioneer stock. 
These poignant incidents bring lumps 
to the throats of the readers and make 
them determine to try to measure to 
the fortitude and faith of their ancestors. 

A complete text, it includes in addi- 
tion invaluable maps and pictures 
which make clear the progress of the 
Latter-day Saints in their heartbreak- 
ingly long trek across the entire country 
of the United States — including the 
journey of the Mormon Battalion to 
California and back to Utah. — M. C. /. 



IF I WERE IN MY TEENS 
(Improvement Era. Bookcraft Company, 
Salt Lake City. 128 pp. $2.00.) 

nPffis is a symposium by twenty-two 
authors, ten men and twelve women, 
most of whom are present or past mem- 
bers of the MIA general boards, and 
who range in age from less than thirty 
to more than a hundred. These arti- 
cles appeared first as a series in The 
Improvement Era, and are here as- 
sembled in a single attractive volume. 

One would expect that, where a score 
of authors write on a single subject, a 
certain amount of sameness would be 
inevitable. Instead, although each 
chapter in this book deals with the 
ideals, opportunities, and motivations 
of youth, the specific examples chosen 
for discussion are so diverse that the 
effect is one of delightful variety rather 
than of monotony. The book is re- 
markably free from repetitiousness. 

These articles can be read with in- 
terest and benefit by anyone, child or 
adult, who has an appreciation for good 
reading of the heartwarming, faith-pro- 
moting, inspirational type. — S. B. T. 

791 



PRAYER IN NOVEMBER 
By Lee Avery 

Now trees are gaunt and bare and gray, 
Such lonely things to see — 
Yet, stripped of scarlet and of gold, 
They wear a dignity. 

Teach me, oh Lord, to stand as mute, 
To hold my head as high — 
Not mourning loss of brighter days, 
But reaching to the sky! 

THANKSGIVING DAY 
By Zelda Davis Howard 

You came to me, and stayed a little while 
And my heart caught the springtime of 
your smile, 
My living room was made a gayer place 
By your laughter, swinging skirts, and dainty 

lace. 
The choice fruits of golden November you 

brought 
Were sweetest of all of the harvest, I 

thought; 
The abundance of joy you gave away 
Just added the more to my Thanksgiving 

Day — 
The music you etched into this lovely hour 
Will return often with its cheering power, 
And the prayer you left will constantly be 
A source of strength, and comfort unto me 
blowers fade, and the seasons of life are 

fleet, 

But precious memories live long, freshly 
sweet. 

GOLDEN WAIT 
By Leone. E. McCune 

rERE should be wind to strip the maple 
leaves 
And frost to wither petals of the rose, 
But winter cannot come while sunlight lies 
In golden pools of light and warmth 
On stubbled field and vale and garden plot. 
Too soon gray gossamer veiling will be 

drawn 
Across the gold-brown hills, delphinium 

skies 
Too soon as far as eyes can see 
Will be long white slopes and leafless trees. 

PATTERNS 
By Catherine E. Berry 

rjME pattern of the days is broken now, 
1 No longer must the clock be set 
To rise at any certain time— the bough 
Is stripped of leaves and fruit— and yet 
Though all are gone, the habit is so deep 
When morning sunshine floods the sky 
I can no longer lose myself in sleep, 
Nor break the pattern, though I try. 

Oh, those were busy days and busy years, 
When footsteps ran across the floor, 
When hands reached out to me and childish 

tears 
Must be effaced — but now the door 
Has closed upon that episode, they go their 

way 
To make their own new patterns now; 
And I hold close within my heart the day 
New leaves will bloom upon the bough. 

792 



WISDOM IN WAITING 
By Iris W. Schow 

T,he rose's imperceptible unfolding, 
The blending of the flavor of the peach, 
Are not alone in time's protracted holding. 
It is a common thing for those who teach 

To find that lessons children cannot master 
Are best laid by for less exacting stints, 
Until, through maturation, minds leap 

faster, 
And fancy grasps what explanation hints. 

The Master Teacher, then, in song perfected, 
May blend our way and confidently hear 
Earth voices, all too falteringly projected, 
Knowing some day they will rise true and 
clear. 

WHERE BIRCHES GROW 

By Marion Leonard 

WiHere birches grow, no rasp of leaf nor 
whine 
Of cowering bough is heard; throughout the 

hour 
Of vicious storm the giant birch, benign, 
Sure-rooted veteran stands, a slender tower 
Turned white perhaps by lashings borne 

with fine 
Aloofness like the calm of a beacon's power. 

When lesser trees are torn and terrified 
And wail, confused and shrill with doubting, 

no 
Unworthy or demeaning sound of pride 
Or scorn is uttered by a birch. I go 
My way nor will, however pressed or tired, 
Forget that once I lived where birches grow. 



r 




^■■■■^■nHHi i 

— Photo by Bessie Gladding 

IN TIME TO COME 
By Bessie Gladding 

Iittle boy, your rice bowl stands 
i For all the bowls in children's hands 
In all our near and distant lands. 

Bowls that should be heaped up high 
With varied foods these lands supply 
To make boys strong and bright of eye. 

In time man's heart will have its way, 
And war will go, and peace will stay 
Where healthy children romp and play. 



SONNET FOR STREET LAMPS 
By Beverly Boone 

Tall street lamps stab the blackened wall 
of night 
And let round pools of silver light seep 

through, 
Inviting youths to play within each bright 
And magic ring their games both old and 

new. 
Here lovers are inclined to pause and drink 
Again from rapturous cup with ardent looks; 
To memorize each face; to let it sink 
Deep down into the heart's own sacred 

nooks. 
How welcome does the lighthouse beacon 

gleam 
To weary sailors bound to stormy foam — 
So does the glow from corner street lamps 

seem 
To travelers at night when close to home. 
Each street lamp carves its own enlightened 

world 
From darkness as each halo is unfurled. 

THANKSGIVING DAY 
By Eunice Buck 

November means so much to me, 
Though leaves have fallen to their rest, 
Easing the limbs on each staunch tree, 
That served in ways it could do best. 

November means so much to me, 
Though clouds are forming in the sky 
With snowflakes near, and I can see 
The nests of birds who've learned to fly. 

November means so much to me, 
With fruits and grain all stored away; 
It's now I know God's plan as we 
Give thanks to him Thanksgiving Day. 

TOUCH OF FROST 

By Anobel Armour 



V 



ep frost had set trees on the window- 
pane 

And I saw the forests of home again, 
Pines on the mountains and snow-stars 

falling 
And the sound of a high and white wind 

calling. 
My heart tilted over and let me go 
Back to green trees and the hills of snow 
Though I had never intended to be 
Less than content with the life that we 
Shared in the heart of a busy city. 
So I turned and with no trace of pity 
Told my homesick heart that its love was 

here 
And that home is the place which the heart 
holds dear! 

YOUNG READER 
By Ethel Jacobson 

I can read the letters — 
A and B and C— 
All twenty-six of them, 
All the way to Z — 
Spelling out the stories 
Upon a printed page; 
The million, million stories 
From every place and age, 
The billion, trillion stories 
Everywhere I look, 
In the waiting wonderland 
Of an open book. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



i:N^\^>^x?\3\c^£^>^^^^o\£^J\£^^^^ 




The Purpose of the Temple 

by President David O. McKay 



W-E are grateful for the inspiration from the 
Lord to his servants to erect new temples, 
the first one in Europe, near Bern, Switzer- 
land, dedicated last September; the Los Angeles 
Temple, which will be dedicated soon, and others 
planned in England and New Zealand. Here in 
these buildings faithful members may receive all 
the blessings associated with eternal covenants 
and ceremonies given in the house of the Lord. 

We are grateful for the privilege we have of 
raising temples in these lands where freedom is 
cherished, where the individual is free to worship 
God according to the dictates of his own con- 
science. We ask for a continuation of blessings 
upon these nations. They are God-fearing peo- 
ple. The love of the Lord and of truth is in their 
hearts. 

A temple is not a public house of worship. It 
is erected for special purposes. Indeed only mem- 
bers of the Church can enter a temple who 
receive a recommend from their bishops and 
presidents of the stakes or branch and mission 
presidents. 

One of the distinguishing features of the 
Church of Jesus Christ, restored in our day and 
dispensation in its fulness, is the eternal nature 
of its ordinances and ceremonies. In the temple 
some of these most sacred ordinances and cere- 
monies are performed. For example, generally 
in civil as well as in church ceremonies couples 
are married "for time" or "until death doth us 
part." But love is as eternal as the spirit; and 
if the spirit exists, as it does after death, so will 
love. Each of you husbands will recognize your 
wife in the other world, and you will love her 
there as you love her here, and will come forth 
to a newness everlasting in the resurrection. Why 
should death separate you, when love will con- 
tinue after death? 

Those who are married in the temple are mar- 
ried for time and all eternity and sealed by the 
authority of the Holy Priesthood so that the fam- 
ily will continue into the eternities. 



Paul referred to the practice of baptism for and 
in behalf of the dead in his argument in favor 
of the resurrection. He said, "Else what shall 
they do which are baptized for the dead, if the 
dead rise not at all? . . ." (I Cor. 15:29.) The 
pseudo-Christian world has stumbled over the 
meaning of this simple text, and not a few com- 
mentators have tried to explain away its true ap- 
plicability to all mankind of the Savior's teachings. 

All Christians believe or should believe in the 
words of the Savior that: ". . . Except a man be 
born of the water and of the Spirit, he cannot 
enter into the kingdom of God." (John 3:5.) Note 
what that says: ". . . Except a man be born of the 
water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter the king- 
dom of God." Also, "He that believeth in the 
Lord Jesus Christ shall not perish, but have 
eternal life." (See Ibid., 3:15.) 

What about your great, great ancestors who 
never have heard of the name of Jesus Christ? 
What about the millions who died without hav- 
ing heard his name? They are our Father's 
children as much as you and I. Is it the act of a 
loving Father to condemn them forever outside of 
the kingdom of God when they have no oppor- 
tunity to hear the name of Jesus Christ? "We 
believe that ... all mankind may be saved, by 
obedience to the laws and ordinances of the Gos- 
pel." And we also believe that those who have 
died without having heard it here in mortality 
will have an opportunity co hear it in the other 
world. We are told that in the New Testament. 
Where did Christ's spirit go while his body lay 
in the tomb? The Apostle Peter tells us that he 
went to preach to the spirits who were in prison, 
who were once disobedient in the days of Noah 
when the ark was being prepared. (See I Peter 
3:19-20.) Those who- died thousands of years 
ago were still existing, and the gospel was taken 
to them as it will be taken to all of our Father's 
children. That is another purpose of the temple. 
You may have the opportunity of gathering the 

{Concluded on following page) 



NOVEMBER 1955 



^^ ±-j(4/ 1/ L U I %j a Ci^ o* 




793 



THE EDITOR'S PAGE (Concluded from preceding page) 

names of your ancestors, and by being baptized by 
proxy, they may become members of the kingdom of 
God in the other world as we are members here. 

We pray that the love of the gospel and the universal 
brotherhood of man may increase among nations, that 



true peace may soon be established on earth, and that 
God's will be done in earth, as it is in heaven. 

The purpose of the temple is to bless those members 
who willingly give of their time and their talents to be- 
come "saviors on Mt. Zion." 




by Joseph Fielding Smith 

PRESIDENT OF THE COUNCIL OF THE TWELVE 



Was Temple Work Done in the Days of the Old Prophets? 



"Was temple work done in the days of 
the old prophets? Did they have the seal- 
ing powers or was all of this work left for the Church in 
this dispensation? If they had it, was it done in 
temples?" 

EWBKKfBM The detailed history of the performance 
of the saving ordinances of the gospel as 
practised in ancient times was never recorded in any de- 
tail, because such ordinances are sacred and not for the 
world. There are, however, in the Old Testament refer- 
ences to covenants and obligations under which the 
members of the Church in those days were placed, al- 
though the meaning is generally obscure. For example 
in Exodus 40:12-15, Numbers 25:11-13, and Jeremiah 
31:31-33, we have reference to sacred covenants. 

The fact that Adam and Noah, long after they were 
dead, appeared to Daniel as Michael and Gabriel (Dan. 
10:13, 21; 8:16); and to Zacharias and Mary, (Luke 
1:11 19; and 1:26-31) is evidence that they had received 
the fulness of blessings that entitled them to stand in the 
presence of God. Likewise the appearance of Moses and 
Elias on the mount of transfiguration with our Redeemer 
and his apostles, Peter, James, and John, is evidence that 
they also had obtained the fulness of the blessings of 
exaltation. Moreover, the fact that Elijah was the last 
of the ancient prophets to hold the keys of the sealing 
power before the coming of our Savior in his ministry, 
is evidence that this power was exercised in the interest 
of Israel in ancient times. Because of the fact that 
Elijah held this sealing authority, the Lord inspired 
Malachi to prophesy of Elijah's coming in the last days 
to restore these keys of authority in the following words: 

"Behold, I will send you Elijah -the prophet before the 
coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord. 

"And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the 
children, and the heart of the children to their fathers, 
lest I come and smite the earth with a curse." (Malachi 
4:5-6.) 

We know that this prophecy was fulfilled, for on the 
third day of April, 1836, Elijah came to Joseph Smith and 
Oliver Cowdery in the Kirtland Temple and conferred 
upon them this sealing authority. Since that day the 
hearts of the children have turned to their fathers, and 

794 



without doubt the hearts of the fathers have turned to 
their children, and this influence is felt throughout the 
world causing the children to search. the records of their 
dead. This fact is so definitely apparent that it cannot be 
denied. Today we have the privilege of going into our 
temples and there sealing children to parents and par- 
ents to each other that we all may, as Paul declared, 
bow our knees ". . . unto the Father of our Lord Jesus 
Christ. 

"Of whom the whole family in heaven and earth is 
named,.. ." (Eph. 3:14-15.) 

That ordinances for Israel might be performed, the 
Lord commanded Moses to build a portable tabernacle — 
at times called the temple — in the wilderness in which 
sacred ordinances could be performed. The purpose of 
this building, in which Samuel officiated, has been de- 
clared in our day in these words: "For, for this cause I 
commanded Moses that he should build a tabernacle, 
that they should bear it with them in the wilderness, and 
to build a house in the land of promise, that those 
ordinances might be revealed which had been hid from 
before the world was." (D & C 124:38.) 

There is a sufficient reason why the ordinance of bap- 
tism is not more clearly revealed in the Old Testament, 
and it is that in the repeated copying of the ancient rec- 
ords and their repeated translations, scribes and trans- 
lators took from the record the plain and precious parts 
because they were contrary to their beliefs or compre- 
hension. The Book of Mormon makes this clear; and 
in the writings of Moses, as they are given to us, we 
have them restored; and we know that baptism was 
taught to Adam, and he taught it to his children. There 
are some references in the Old Testament to washings, 
which could well mean baptisms, and the evidence of 
the font in the temple of Solomon is a mute witness that 
baptisms must have been practised in it; these are spoken 
of as washings. The Book of Mormon makes the fact 
very clear that baptism was practised among the Jews, 
and in the writings of Moses which have been restored, 
we learn that baptism was taught to Adam, and he was 
commanded to teach it to his children. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 





Swiss LDS Temple 
at Bern. 

— Photo by G. Schmid 



Dedicatory Addresses 

DELIVERED AT SWISS TEMPLE DEDICATION 

BY PRESIDENT DAVID 0. McKAY 



Opening remarks made by Presi- 
dent David O. McKay at the dedica- 
tory services of the Swiss Temple 
held in Bern, Switzerland, Sunday, 
September 11, 1955, 10 a.m. 

BEFORE BIDDING YOU Welcome tO 
this sacred service, I feel im- 
pressed to express a few words 
of gratitude and appreciation: First, 
gratitude to our Heavenly Father for 
having answered the prayer offered 
at the headquarters of this mission 
three years ago, when a group or four 
or five men knelt in the mission home 
and prayed for guidance in selecting 
the city and the site in which and 
on which would be erected the first 
house of the Lord in Europe. We 
express gratitude for God's replying 
NOVEMBER 1955 



to that prayer and overruling matters 
that brought about the consumma- 
tion of this beautiful temple. We 
express gratitude for the Choir, for 
the Lord's protecting care over you 
and your unprecedented tour. We 
are grateful for your conduct, for 
your inspiration — I was going to 
say matchless — singing as a group 
and as soloists. Your influence will 
go from soul to soul, not only among 
those who hear you, but among others 
who will hear of you, perhaps for- 
ever and forever. Who can tell? 

We wish to express appreciation 
for those who have labored so earn- 
estly, so conscientiously, to erect this 
edifice and to have it finished on time. 
We have in mind the architects, the 
contractors, the workers, who have la- 



bored long and faithfully to have the 
temple completed for dedication. Re- 
cently workmen labored all night long 
for several successive nights in order 
to accomplish this great feat — for such 
it has really been! We express ap- 
preciation to the electricians and the 
technicians who have worked so un- 
tiringly and devotedly, overcoming 
all obstacles in order to install the 
necessary equipment to have a new 
presentation of the ordinances in the 
temple. 

We welcome all who are present 
at the opening session of the dedica- 
tory services of the first temple com- 
pleted in Europe by the Church of 
Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It 
is a memorable event, and each one 
present this morning is favored by 
having the opportunity of attending. 
I welcome also an unseen, but, I be- 
lieve, a real audience among whom 
are former presidents and apostles of 
the Church, headed by the Prophet 
Joseph to whom was revealed the es- 
sential ordinance of baptism for those 
who have died without having heard 
the gospel, President Young, President 
Taylor, President Woodruff, Presi- 
dent Snow, President Joseph F. Smith, 
who 49 years ago last month in the 
city of Bern, prophesied that "temples 
would be built in divers countries 
of the world," President Heber J. 
Grant, President George Albert Smith. 
Among them, too, I fancy would be 
Elder Stayner Richards who was so 
active in helping to select the two 
temple sites already chosen in Europe. 
With these distinguished leaders, we 
welcome departed loved ones, whom 
we cannot see, but whose presence we 
feel. 

In my expression of appreciation I 
may not have mentioned others who 
deserve mentioning for their loyalty, 
their faithfulness, their devotion, with 
President Perschon, and others, in 
bringing about what one man here 
in Switzerland said has never before 
been accomplished — the completion 
of such a building at the time prom- 
ised. We extend gratitude to our 
Father in heaven, and appreciation to 
all members of the Church and out- 
side the Church who have in the 
least part put forth effort to bring 
about the consummation of this glori- 
ous House of the Lord. 

We welcome the choir and all 

present, and pray that the Lord's 

Spirit will be with us to eliminate 

from our hearts everything that would 

(Continued on following page) 

795 



Dedicatory Addresses Delivered at Swiss Temple Dedication 



(Continued from, preceding page) 
be contrary to our responding to the 
Spirit of God which we all feel is 
here. 

Dedicatory Address delivered hy 
President David O. McKay at the 
first session of the Swiss Temple 
Dedicatory Service held in the Swiss 
Temple, Bern, Switzerland, Sunday, 
September 11, 1955, 10 a.m. 

One of the principal questions 
asked by reporters and newsmen 
in nearly all parts of the world 
is, "Why do you build temples? What 
is the difference between your tem- 
ples and your church edifices?" They 
are very much interested in the an- 
swer to the first. As all who are pres- 
ent today know, the answer to that is 
that the temple is built for the per- 
formance of sacred ordinances — not 
secret, but sacred. One of those re- 



lates to the union between husband 
and wife, and the sealing of children 
in that union or giving to the chil- 
dren the right to be born in the cove- 
nant. That interests nearly every in- 
telligent reporter and investigator, 
especially when he or she realizes the 
truth, that love — the divinest attri- 
bute of the human soul — will be just 
as eternal as the spirit itself; so when- 
ever any person dies, that quality of 
love will exist, will persist, and if any 
inquirer believes in the immortality 
of the soul, or, as they put it the per- 
sistence of personality after death, he 
must also admit that love will also 
persist. Logically there follows an- 
other question: Whom shall we love 
in the next world? A woman — an 
American woman — who with her hus- 
band asked that question, and in an- 
swer to my question, "Whom shall 
we love?" answered, "We should love 
everybody." "Yes," I replied, "we 



Celestial Room 



SWISS TEMPLE INTERIORS 









796 



should love everybody here." That's 
the injunction of the Savior, to love 
our neighbor as ourselves. But we 
are also told that earthly things are 
typical of heavenly things, and I fancy 
in the spirit world, when our thoughts ■ 
of pre-existence are fully incorporated 
with those experiences we have had 
in mortality, that we shall recognize 
our loved ones there and know them 
as we loved them here. And I love 
my wife more than I can love other 
people. I love my children. I love 
those with whom I have been closely 
associated more than I can love those 
whom I do not know. I can have 
sympathy; I have a desire to help all 
mankind, but I love her by whose 
side I've sat and watched a loved one 
in illness, or perhaps, pass away. 
Those experiences bind heart to heart, 
and it is a glorious thought to think, 
to retain, to cherish, that death can- 
not separate those hearts that are thus 
bound together. 

Ordinarily, marriage among man- 
kind is temporary; at longest, it is un- 
til death parts them. But only in the 
house of the Lord where the cere- 
mony is performed by those who are 
thoroughly and properly authorized 
to represent Deity, to represent our 
Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ, can the 
union between husband and wife and 
parents and children be sealed for 
time and all eternity. That is the 
one purpose — why we are here to- 
day — to dedicate this house. 
. The other reason — principal reason 
— is not so easily understood. Some 
of the inquirers really call it "fan- 
tastic" until they get a glimpse of the 
justice of God; until we ask them, 
"Do you think that a just God would 
require me to conform to certain prin- 
ciples and ordinances in order for me 
to enter into the kingdom of God, 
and that he would permit you to enter 
the kingdom of God without comply- 
ing with those things?" All we need 
to do is ask the world that question. 
Those who accept Jesus Christ, our 
Lord, as the author of salvation; those 
who accept his statements — unquali- 
fied statements — regarding the 
necessity of the obedience to certain 
principles, are bound to admit that 
everybody must comply with certain 
fundamental principles or else nobody 
need comply with them. Now that 
is the plain fact. 

And we have, as you know, in holy 
writ, ample evidence that the Savior 

Copyright 1955 by David O. McKay, Trustec- 
in-Trust for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- 
day Saints. Reproduction in full or in part 
expressly prohibited. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



referred to one eternal plan. For in- 
stance, when that member of the 
Sanhedrin, Nicodemus — a man who 
had evidently listened to the Savior 
speak, who had read about him, who 
had probably followed him — called 
on him, compelled by the desire to 
know what that man had which the 
Sadducees and the Pharisees did not 
have, he bore his testimony and said, 
"Master, we know that thou art a 
teacher sent from God, for no man 
can do the miracles thou hast done 
except God be with him." And then 
ensued the conversation, undoubted- 
ly, which contained the questions — 
similar questions referred to. Un- 
doubtedly, Nicodemus asked, "What 
must I do?" And one of the most 
remarkable statements we have in 
scripture was given as an answer to 
Nicodemus' question: "Except a man 
be born again, he cannot see the 
kingdom of God." And that is true! 
And that spiritual birth is necessary 
before any human being can even 
sense the spirituality which Christ 
lived and possessed. Nicodemus could 
not understand it. He put an in- 
terpretation of a physical birth upon 
that answer, and immediately faced 
the impossibility of an adult's being 
born naturally again. 

And then came an equally impor- 
tant statement: "Except a man be 
born of the water and of the Spirit, 
he cannot enter into the kingdom of 
God." (John 3:3-5.) If that principle 
is essential for one man, it is essential 
to all. Then the question may be 
asked as was asked by a Chinese stu- 
dent, a graduate of one of our lead- 
ing colleges here, returning to China, 
and who was in conversation with a 
protestant minister, who said, "It is 
belief in Christ that is essential; only 
by belief can you be saved." And 
the Chinese student said, "What 
about my ancestors who never heard 
of the name of Jesus Christ?" "Oh, 
they are all lost!" The Chinese stu- 
dent's sense of justice was offended, 
for he immediately said, "I'll have 
nothing to do with a religion so un- 
just!" Had that Chinese professor or 
doctor asked a Mormon elder that 
question, the latter would have an- 
swered, "They will have an oppor- 
tunity to hear that gospel, and they 
will have an opportunity to be bap- 
tized, to be born of the water and of 
the Spirit, that they might also enter 
into the kingdom of God." 

Those two great purposes, when 

(Continued on following page) 
NOVEMBER 1955 




Foyer 




Waiting Room 




Dining Room 



Copyright 19,55 by D^vid O. McKav, Trustee-in-Trust for the Church of 
Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Reproduction in full or in part expressly 
prohibited. 

797 



Dedicatory Addresses Delivered at Swiss Temple Dedication 



(Continued from preceding page) 
preached properly, earnestly, and sin- 
cerely to the honest-in-heart, will ap- 
peal to the justice of those who love 
the truth. That is why this building 
is erected. What an opportunity is 
ours today to dedicate it for those 
and other purposes. 

God help us to appreciate the re- 
stored gospel of Jesus Christ, all com- 
prehensive. The philosophy of life 
is contained in it, and in this house 
will be presented, in the endowment, 
in addition to what I've said, the real 
philosophy of life, obedience to which 
will take the individual — and this is 
my testimony and I know it — from the 
low, selfish, envious, antagonistic, 
hateful level that characterizes the 
animal plane, right up to the Christ's, 
and he who can dedicate all his 
thoughts, his talents, even his life, 
can take the covenant of consecra- 
tion, may pass through this veil 
figuratively into the presence of our 
Heavenly Father. The gospel is all 
comprehensive. 

I pray this morning with all my 
soul, that all the members of the 
Church, their children, and their 
children's children, may at least 
glimpse the glory of the house of the 
Lord and have strength enough to ap- 
ply the principles of the gospel of 
Jesus Christ which are eternal and 
applicable to every person living, in 
developing that spirituality which 
will bring peace on earth and good 
will toward men, as declared when 
Christ came as the babe of Bethle- 
hem. 

I humbly pray for us all and for 
our children in this regard, in the 
name of Jesus Christ. Amen. 



Will you now please join with me 
as I present this house to our Father: 

SWISS DEDICATORY PRAYER 

OGod, our Eternal Father: 
On this sacred occasion, the 
completion and dedication of the 
first temple to be erected by the 
Church in Europe, we give our hearts 
and lift our voices to thee in praise 
and gratitude. Help us to free our 
minds from idle thoughts and our 
souls from selfish and envious feelings, 
that in sincerity and truth we may 
assemble as one in singleness of pur- 

798 



pose in love of thee, of one another, 
and of all sincere people in the world. 

We are grateful that in the spring 
of 1820, on the American continent, 
thou and thy Son Jesus Christ didst 
appear to the young man Joseph 
Smith; that thou didst introduce the 
Savior of mankind by saying, "This is 
My Beloved Son. Hear Him!" (Joseph 
Smith 2:17.) We are grateful that 
under thy guidance and inspiration 
the Church of Jesus Christ was or- 
ganized in completeness, with apos- 
tles, prophets, pastors, teachers, evan- 
gelists, etc.," for the "perfecting of 
the saints, for the work of the min- 
istry, for the edifying of the body of 
Christ: 

"Till we all come in the unity of 
the faith, and of the knowledge of the 




Baptismal Font 

Copyright 1955 by David O. McKay, Trustee- 
in-Trust for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- 
day Saints. Reproduction in full or in part 
expressly prohibited. 



Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto 
the measure of the stature of the ful- 
ness of Christ." (Eph. 4:12-13.) 

Such is the divine message in these 
latter days to all thy children, living 
and dead! 

Through hearing thy Son, and by 
obedience to his word, we come to 
thee; and "To know thee and Jesus 
Christ whom thou has sent is eternal 
life." (See John 17:3.) 

We are grateful that following the 
glorious revelation of thee and thy 
beloved Son, thou didst in this dispen- 
sation restore by heavenly messengers 
the Aaronic and the Melchizedek 



Priesthoods, and subsequently all the 
keys of the priesthood ever held by 
thy prophets from the days of Adam, 
through Abraham and Moses, to 
Malachi who held the power to "turn 
the heart of the fathers to the chil- 
dren, and the heart of the children 
to their fathers" (Mai. 4:6) down to 
the latest generation. 

All these rights, powers, and privi- 
leges were restored and delivered au- 
thoritatively in this, the greatest dis- 
pensation of all time. 

We are grateful for the Constitu- 
tion of the United States of America 
which permitted the Church of Jesus 
Christ to be established through heav- 
enly messengers, and which grants to 
every man the right to worship God 
according to the dictates of his own 
conscience. 

We are grateful for the freedom- 
loving government of Switzerland, 
which through the centuries has held 
inviolate man's free agency and his 
inalienable right to worship thee 
without dictation from any man or 
group of men whomsoever. 

We are grateful that in the com- 
pleteness of the organization of the 
Church every member has an oppor- 
tunity to serve his fellow men having 
in mind the divine saying — "Inas- 
much as ye have done it unto one of 
the least of these my brethren, ye 
have done it unto me." (Matt. 25:40.) 

We express gratitude to thee for the 
leaders of thy Church from the 
Prophet Joseph Smith down through 
the years to the present General Au- 
thorities — The First Presidency, the 
Council of the Twelve Apostles, the 
Assistants to the Twelve, the Patri- 
arch to the Church, the First Council 
of the Seventy, the Presiding Bishop- 
ric. 

Continue to reveal to the First 
Presidency thy mind and will as it 
pertains to the growth and, advance- 
ment of thy work among the children 
of men. 

With humility and deep gratitude 
we acknowledge thy nearness, thy di- 
vine guidance and inspiration. Make 
even more susceptible our spiritual re- 
sponse to thee. 

Bless the presidencies of stakes, high 
councils, presidencies of missions, 
bishoprics of wards, presidencies of 
branches and of quorums, superin- 
tendencies and presidencies of auxil- 
iaries throughout the world. Make 
them keenly aware of the fact that 
they are trusted leaders and that they 
(Continued on page 842) 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




— United Press Photo 
Some Choir members in London, with Big Ben and Houses of Parliament in background. 

With the President in Europe 

by Clare Middlemiss 

SECRETARY TO PRESIDENT DAVID O. McKAY 



London, August 30, 1955. 
All in all this trip has been so 
fast and so breath-taking to me 
that I can hardly assimilate one event 
before we are encountering the next. 
It is wonderful to see other parts of 
the world and to become acquainted 
with the lives and activities of other 
peoples. Our first real thrill was when 
we boarded the Scandinavian Air- 
lines Trans-Atlantic plane at the 
Idlewild Airfield, bound for Scotland, 
August 17. Our flight was perfect 
in every way, President and Sister 
McKay relaxed and enjoyed this brief 
respite. Sleeping on the plane while 
in flight over the Atlantic was a 
thrilling experience in itself, and I 
was happy that all in our party had 
a good night's rest. 

We arrived at Prestwich Airport, 
Scotland, at 9:05 the next morning. 
President A. Hamer Reiser, Elder 
Ned Edward Hoopes, and Elder Gayle 
E. Baddley of the British Mission 
were there to meet us. The elders 
pinned a sprig of Scotch heather 
on each of us and extended a hearty 
welcome to Scotland. President 
McKay was as thrilled as any of his 
party to be on Scotch soil; he beamed 
NOVEMBER 1955 



with joy as he met President Reiser 
and the missionaries. For me it was 
almost unbelievable that I was in the 
country of my forebears. With the 
wonders of modern travel, we are 
surely neighbors to our brethren and 
sisters across the sea. We left Salt 
Lake City Tuesday morning, August 
16, stayed one night in New York, 
and Thursday morning we were in 
Scotland. 

En route to our hotel in Glasgow, 
we stopped at the Robert Burns 
Memorial Cottage. As we rode 
through the Ayrshire countryside, the 
birthplace of that great poet, Presi- 
dent McKay quoted line upon line 
of this famous Scotsman to us. Every 
room of the thatched-roof cottage 
through which we passed recalled 
some poem or some incident in Burns' 
life, and it was a rare privilege to 
hear President McKay recite the 
poetry in true Scotch brogue which 
made even the natives turn and lis- 
ten. As we looked at the hundreds 
of original manuscripts and memen- 
toes in the nearby museum, we lis- 
tened to additional quotations from 
President McKay. Even the eighty- 



three-year-old caretaker could noi 
outquote him. 

The next exciting moment was the 
meeting of the Tabernacle Choir on 
the docks at Greenock, Scotland. 
There was little work done on the 
docks that day. Crowds milled around 
waiting for the tender to bring to 
the docks the passengers of the SS 
Saxonia which could be seen in 
the distance. President and Sister 
McKay stood on the docks waiting 
for the passengers to come ashore. 
Finally with the last boatload, came 
a Scotch bagpipe band in full regalia. 
When the boat pulled in, the Provost 
(mayor) of the city of Greenock and 
President McKay officially greeted 
the choir members represented by 
Elder Richard L. Evans, President 
Lester F. Hewlett, Elders Jack Thom- 
as, J. Spencer Cornwall, Richard P. 
Condie, Frank W. Asper, and Alex- 
ander Schreiner. 

Tears glistened from the eyes of the 
members of the Church when, on the 
docks along the Clyde River, the 
choir included in its songs the heart- 
touching "Come, Come, Ye Saints." 
When the choir sang, "On the Bonny, 
Bonny Banks of Loch Lomond," the 
Scots as well as Church members 
were deeply moved. 

The members of the choir gathered 
about President and Sister McKay like 
homing birds, taking their pictures, 
shaking hands, and crying out, "Oh, 
President McKay, we are so glad 
to see you here." That the President 
was glad to see them was evidenced 
by his remaining out in the rain for 
two hours awaiting their landing. 
Later, at the sacred service held in 
Edinburgh for choir members and the 
members of the Church in that dis- 
trict, President Hewlett said, "When 
the choir members and officers and 
visiting friends arrived at the docks 
of Greenock and saw our beloved 
President and learned that he had 
stood in the rain two hours waiting 
for us, we felt that we had the whole 
Church with us." 

At three o'clock that afternoon the 
Tabernacle Choir and President 
McKay and party were graciously en- 
tertained by Mr. and Mrs. Andrew 
Hood, the Lord and Lady Provost of 
Glasgow. Prior to this general enter- 
tainment, the President and his party, 
Elder and Sister Evans, Elder and 
Sister Cornwall were formally re- 
ceived in the private chambers of 
the Lord and Lady Provost. In the 
(Continued on following page) 

799 



With the President in Europe 

(Continued from preceding page) 
beautiful marble hall, the Lord Pro- 
vost gave an address of welcome. He 
stated in his opening remarks that 
this "is the first time that a body of 
Latter-day Saints has been formally 
received in Glasgow." He decried the 
prejudice, ignorance, and injustice of 
the past toward our people, and stated 
that the days of persecution no longer 
exist in Scotland. No one in the room 
realized better than President McKay 
how bitter the persecution of the past 
had been. He later recalled that 
fifty-eight years ago he would "hard- 
ly have dared set foot on the steps 
of the City Chambers of Glasgow." 

President McKay responded by 
telling of his great love for Scotland 
and of his deep appreciation for the 
cordial welcome that had been ex- 
tended on this eventful day. 

The next day we visited Stirling 
Castle, the site of the story related 
in Cherished Experiences "Whate'er 
thou Art, Act Well thy Part." (Pp. 
174-175.) As a discouraged and 
homesick missionary, President Mc- 
Kay felt that motto was a direct mes- 
sage to him and determined to act 
well his part in the mission field. It 
was a thrill to stand with the Presi- 
dent on the same spot fifty-eight 
years later and have him point out 
that same plaque as he repeated the 
words and incident to us. 

The exciting first concert of the 
choir, held in Kelvin Hall, Glasgow, 
was an occasion that will live long in 
our memories. Applause given the 
choir after they sang, "Come, Come, 
Ye Saints," was soul-stirring; it was 
so persistent that the choir sang it 
again in its entirety. The Lord Pro- 




mrnms 

lllll 



— United Press Photo 
President David O. McKay breaks the ground for the London Temple. 



vost, in the box next to the McKay 
party, praised the choir highly and 
wished it "as great success in each 
concert to be given as they had at this 
performance." And the manager of 
Kelvin Hall invited the choir to re- 
main for a week longer, stating that 
he could fill the hall. When they in- 
formed him they could not stay, he 
invited them to return next year. 
What wonderful missionary work 
was accomplished by the choir at that 
place alone only time will tell! 

On Sunday, August 21, we arrived 
in Edinburgh, to attend sacred serv- 
ices with the Saints and the choir. 
They were held in the Victoria Thea- 
tre. 

The opening song, "We Thank 
Thee, O God, for a Prophet," was 
sung with stirring emotion by the 
members of the Church in this far- 
Tabernacle Choir at Gebouw Hall, Amsterdam. 



off land, who now had a prophet in 
their midst! President A. Hamer 
Reiser, Elders Lester F. Hewlett and 
Richard L. Evans, spoke to the con- 
gregation. President McKay in his 
concluding sermon gave a powerful 
address on the fundamental principles 
of life and salvation. 

Following the meeting President 
and Sister McKay were driven back 
to Glasgow. Dr. Edward R. McKay, 
his wife, and I remained in Edin- 
burgh and accompanied the mission- 
aries to Mound Square where we at- 
tended a street meeting. On this 
square, as is the custom of the British 
people, we saw groups standing 
around speakers, each with his own 
portable pulpit. The speakers were 
surrounded by "hecklers" as well as 
listeners. A son of Senator Wallace F. 

(Continued on page 839) 











John D. Giles 



Photograph by Austin Studio 



John D. Giles 

1883 - 1955 

by George Q. Morris 

OF THE COUNCIL OF THE TWELVE 



o write a tribute to Elder 
John D. Giles, my life- 
long friend and asso- 
ciate, is difficult indeed. 
His talents, of which he 
had many,, were always ready to be 
used for the Church and the building 
up of the kingdom upon the earth. 
John D. Giles was as a well-pol- 
ished gem in the hand of the Lord. 




His facets included: friend, inspirer 
of youth and those who work with 
youth; student of Church history and 
authority on- Church geography, the 
little-explored (until he came) avenue 
that must accompany historical re- 
search; he had labored with the Boy 
Scouts of America locally and nation- 
ally for more than forty years, and 
had been given the silver beaver and 



silver antelope, the- ; highest awards 
bestowed by the council and the re- 
gion; he had labored long in the 
Mutual Improvement Association of 
the Church, in his ward, stake, and as 
a member of the general board, and 
for several years as assistant general 
superintendent. He had helped pro- 
mote the M Men program and pio-< 
neered the roadshow activity which 
has brought so much joy to so many 
of the members of the Church. 

Truly, he had faith in young peo- 
ple and enjoyed being with them, and 
they returned that faith by following 
him and his example. 

For many years he served as field 
representative of the Aaronic Priest- 
hood program for the Presiding Bish- 
opric. In 1941 he was called to 
Palmyra, New York, where he di- 
rected the activities of the Bureau of 
Information at the Hill Cumorah. He 
interested himself in maintaining 
pioneer traditions and lore, and he 
was at the time of his death, and for 
many years previously, executive sec- 
retary of the Utah Pioneer Trails and 
Landmarks Association. The monu- 
ments that he has helped place tell 
the story of the activity of the Church 
from the Atlantic to the ■Pacific. He 
was a member of the Utah Centen- 
nial Commission. He was executive 
secretary of the "This Is the Place" 
Monument Commission and as such 
had much to do with the erection of 
the magnificent monument which 
stands on the east bench of Salt Lake 
City at the end of the t)ld Mormon 
Trail. 

His perseverance, his vision, and his 
long, arduous, and capable efforts 
were most important factors in the 
establishment of the park surrounding 
* the monument embracing all of the 
area that connects with the mouth of 
Emigration Canyon, as well as the 
building of the scenic and historical 
highway that follows the trail of the 
Mormon pioneers about thirty miles 
from Henefer to the Salt Lake Valley. 

More recently his was the assign- 
ment for preparation and publicity 
for the dedication of the Mormon 
Pioneer Memorial Bridge Over the 
Missouri River near Omaha* 

He often told the story of how, as 
a young man, working for the Deseret 
News, their business manager, Horace 
G. Whitney, and a close neighbor of 
his, had called him to his desk one 
(Concluded on page 828) 



eaHn^^wam 



NOVEMBER 1955 



801 





THE LOS 



The Los Angeles Temple from the southwest. 



— Photo by Hal Rumel 



". . . in the process of time the 
shores of the Pacific may yet be over- 
looked from the temple of the Lord." 

This message, which contains a note 
of prophecy, was part of an inspir- 
ing and encouraging epistle sent 
from Brigham Young and Willard 
Richards from the Salt Lake Valley 
in August 1847, to the Saints in Cali- 
fornia. 

One hundred years later, as the 
Los Angeles Temple nears completion, 
the Saints on "the shores of the Pa- 
cific" have every reason for rejoicing. 
Their prayers have been answered. 
Their labors have been rewarded. 
Their sacrifices have borne fruit. 

Situated on a prominent hill near 
Westwood Village, Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia, just five miles from the ocean, 
the temple has already become a 
landmark. Because of its location 
and height (the spire is 257 feet 
above the first floor) it can be seen 
from such distant points as San 
Pedro, Catalina Island, and from 
ships twenty-five miles out to sea. 

City officials, architects, builders, 
local residents, and tourists have 
been loud in their praise of the excel- 








— George Bergstrom Photo 

Laying steel and pouring concrete for the basement floor, Octo- 
ber 1952. 

802 



— George Bergstrom Photo 
Construction work progresses as forms are placed and concrete 
poured. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Angeles temple 



by Edward O. Anderson 

TEMPLE ARCHITECT 

lence of the structure and the striking 
beauty of the building and the 
grounds. 

The prayer of the architect from 
the beginning has been that the same 
spirit that guided the builders of the 
temples and the Salt Lake Tabernacle 
in the early days of the Church be 
imparted to this project and that this 
temple might express in appearance 
the spiritual work to be carried on 
within it and at the same time be ar- 
ranged so as to give comfort and ease 
of operation. 

Title to the property which includes 
24.23 acres, was obtained by the 
Church in March 1937, from Harold 
Lloyd of motion picture fame. The 
temple site now includes thirteen 
acres of the original plot. The rest 
of the ground is occupied by a Bureau 
of Information, a heating plant, the 
California Mission home, and the 
Westwood Ward chapel. 

As much time was required to build 
the structure on paper as was needed 
to build it with concrete and stone. 
The former board of temple archi- 
tects began making sketches the same 
{Continued on following page) 



President David O. 
McKay removes first 
shovelful of dirt 
at ground-breaking 
ceremonies, Septem- 
ber 1951. 



Steel framework 
for the steeple, 
which extends 151 
feet 8V2 inches 
above the roof. 




r ; 




— George Bergstrom Photos 

Building the second story, which contains the ordinance rooms, 
February 1953. 
NOVEMBER 1955 



Extensive steel scaffolding required for inside construction, 
September 1953. 

803 





President McKay 
discusses placing 
the statue of Angel 
Moroni with, left to 
right, Edward O. 
Anderson, temple 
architect; Millard 
F. Malin sculptor; 
Soren N. Jacobsen, 
contractor; and 
Vern Loder, super- 
intendent. 



Raising the statue 
of the Angel Mor- 
oni October 10, 
1953. Note size of 
statue in compari- 
son with workmen. 



Facing the tem- 
ple walls with stone 
cast from crushed 
quartz and Portland 
cement. 



804 



The Los Angeles Temple 

(Continued from preceding page) 
year that the property was purchased 
for a building which would accommo- 
date a company of two hundred per- 
sons. Before plans were completed, 
the work was stopped by World War 
II. After the war, zoning problems 
caused further delays. Then, in Jan- 
uary 1949, the Church architect was 
notified by the First Presidency that 
he had been appointed sole architect 
to the temple. He was instructed to 
prepare plans for a larger temple, one 
which would accommodate a company 
of three hundred persons, equal to the 
Salt Lake Temple in size, and to add 
an assembly room on the top floor. 

Ground-breaking ceremonies were 
held on September 22, 1951 at mid- 
day. Exercises were directed by Presi- 
dent David O. McKay. Appropriate 
remarks were made by President 
McKay, his counselors, Stephen L 
Richards and J. Reuben Clark, Jr., 
President Joseph Fielding Smith rep- 
resenting the Council of the Twelve 
Apostles; Presiding Bishop LeGrand 
Richards, and Mayor Fletcher Bow- 
ron of the City of Los Angeles. 

Following the ceremony President 
McKay offered the prayer, dedicating 
the ground in the name of the Lord 
as a place upon which a temple 
should stand. 

By July 7, 1952 plans and specifi- 
cations had been fully prepared, a 
permit to build the temple had been 
issued by the Los Angeles building 
department, and construction work 
was ready to begin. 

Soren N. Jacobsen was called by the 
Church to supervise the construction, 
and his workmanship has brought 
great praise from many sources. 

The Saints in the temple area 
meanwhile had not been idle. The 
task of raising a million dollars seemed 
like a tremendous project, but the 
people never hesitated. On Febru- 
ary 1, 1952, stake presidencies, high 
council members, patriarchs, and bish- 
oprics, and their wives, along with 
representatives of the California Mis- 
sion, met in the South Los Angeles ■ 
Stake Center at Huntington Park to 
launch the campaign. Each stake 
president made a pledge for his stake, 
and throughout the area ward and 
stake leaders showed the way by be- 
ing the first to make contributions 
and pledges. 

People were asked to contribute 

what they considered to be their fair 

share of the total. The response was 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




: : :■. ■'.," 





Part of the crowd of approximately 10,000 persons who wit- 
nessed the cornerstone laying ceremonies, December 11, 1953. 



The circular stairs which lead from foyer to second floor. 



immediate and overwhelming. At 
April conference in 1952, stake presi- 
dents reported to the First Presidency 
that they had received money and 
pledges, not for $1,000,000, but for 
$1,648,613.17! 

Stories of sacrifices and devotion 
beyond the call of duty are legion. 
Small children drained their savings 
banks and gave up their allowances 
so they could help build the temple. 
Teen-agers by the thousands gave 
generously, often going without things 
they wanted and needed. Some 
families put off home improvements; 
others decided to drive the old car a 
few more years; still others con- 
tributed their vacation money to the 
cause. 

By early August of 1955 the stakes 
and mission had given to the Church 
in excess of $1,300,000.00 with the 
promise that before the temple is 
dedicated they would contribute the 
full amount of their pledge. Stake 
presidents have reported that the 
project has been faith-promoting and 
testimony-building, an experience 
that none who has participated will 
forget. Peace and happiness have 
come to all as a result of having the 
opportunity to help build the house 
of the Lord. 

Tt was a joyous day in August 1952 
*■ when heavy equipment moved on- 
to the site, and excavation was begun. 
An idea of the size of the undertak- 
ing can be had from the following 
figures : 

The temple is 364 feet wide and 
241 feet deep and contains 190,614 
square feet of floor space, or approxi- 
NOVEMBER 1955 



mately four and one half acres. Some 
90,258 sacks of cement were used in 
the project, and 16,050 cubic yards of 
concrete were poured. The depth of 
the concrete foundations is 24 feet, 
and the over-all height of the build- 
ing including the tower is 257 feet 8 ! /2 
inches. The tower extends 151 feet 
&y 2 inches above the roof. 

The temple contains ninety rooms. 
Each of the ordinance rooms, which 
are on the second floor, has a capacity 
of 300 persons. The chapel, in the 
southwest wing seats 380, while the 
dining room in the southeast wing 
will accommodate 300. The largest 
room in the building is the assembly 
room, which occupies most of the 
third floor. It is 257 feet long, 76 
feet 7 inches wide, 34 feet high, and 
will seat 2,600 persons. 

The electrical capacity of the tem- 
ple is sufficient to light 1,000 five- 
room residences. There are in the 



building approximately 16,500 feet 
(nearly three and one-half miles) of 
flourescent tubing, with 38 miles of 
cable and wire, and 52 lighting 
panels. 

Built of reinforced concrete and 
structural steel, the building is fire- 
proof and quake-resistant. The ex- 
terior is covered with 146,000 square 
feet of Mo-Sai stone facing of crushed 
quartz and white Portland cement 
quarried in Utah and Nevada. Each 
stone is eight by seven feet in size and 
2% inches thick, weighing approxi- 
mately 1600 pounds. The stones are 
fastened to the concrete wall with 
bolts and concrete grout. The wains- 
cot around the exterior of the temple 
is of Rockville granite from Cold 
Springs, Minnesota. Exterior stair 
treads are solid granite. 

The building exterior was designed 

to withstand the wear and tear of 

(Continued on following page) 

— George Bergstrom Photos 



President Stephen 
L Richards watches 
as Thomas B. 
Child, masonry 
contractor directs 
the placing of the 
cornerstone. 




805 





The los Angeles Temple 

(Continued from preceding page) 
the elements. The quartz of the cast 
stone and the quartz in the granite 
are in harmony and each gives the 
same life to the wall surface in day- 
light; they sparkle in the sunshine, 
and glow in the floodlights at night. 
The surface is also self-cleaning. 

The statue of the Angel Moroni 
which surmounts the tower is the 
creation of Millard F. Malin. The 
cast aluminum statue, which weighs 
2100 pounds and is 15 feet 5 ! /2 inches 
tall is covered with gold leaf. The 
trumpet in the hands of the angel is 
eight feet long. While the building 
itself faces southeast, the statue faces 
east. 

The stone grilles over the windows 
not only add to the beauty of the 
building but also serve to cut down 
the direct rays of the sun, at the 
same time emitting a maximum 
amount of light. 

All materials used have been se- 
lected to withstand wear and to cut 
down cost of maintenance. Eight 
types of marble, quarried in Vermont, 
Tennessee, Italy, and France, adorn 
the inside of the building. High- 
grade carpets and tile are used on the 

(Left) Artists Edward Grigware and 
Robert Shepherd pause from painting 
murals to discuss scene in Garden 
Room painted by Mr. Grigware. 

The largest room in the temple, the 
assembly room on the third floor, 
which will seat 2600 persons. 

— Hal Rumel Photos 




1955 by Davi 



O. McKay, Trustee-in-Trust for the 



Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Reproduction in full 
or in part expressly prohibited. 



806 



floors. Vinylized fabric and mosaic 
tile cover many of the walls. 

The baptismal font, which is sup- 
ported by twelve bronze oxen modeled 
by Sculptor Millard F. Malin, is a fine 
piece of workmanship in stainless 
steel. A mural on the wall of the 
baptistry depicting the baptism of the 
Savior by John the Baptist in the 
River Jordan with the Mount of 
Temptation in the background was 
painted by Joseph Gibby of Los 
Angeles (formerly of Ogden, Utah). 

The murals in the ordinance rooms, 
some of which are reproduced in full 
color in the center pages of this 
magazine, are brilliantly executed, 
and startling in their effect. Artist 
Harris Weberg of Ogden who has 
painted murals in the Idaho Falls 
temple depicts the creation of the 
earth in the oval creation room. Ed- 
ward Grigware, of Cody, Wyoming 
has created unbelievably beautiful 
scenes on the walls of the garden 
room. Here planting areas filled with 
potted flowers and plants, along with 
marble trim throughout, blend har- 
moniously with the murals. 

The world room shows Adam and 
Eve leaving the Garden of Eden 
entering the lone and dreary world. 
The artist, Robert L. Shepherd, form- 
erly bishop of Winder Ward in Salt 
Lake City, has indeed captured the 
stark but enchanting beauty of the 
deserts in his paintings. He has also 
done work in the Idaho Falls and 
Manti temples. 

The terrestrial room has been 
planned for peace and comfort with 
subdued colors and furnishings. This 
arrangement helps to accent further 
the lovely brilliance of the celestial 
room where the walls were decorated 
by ' Alfred Lippold and his workers 
under the direction of Edward Grig- 
ware. As elsewhere in the temple, 
the furnishings for the room were 
fashioned by the architect, and the 
carpets, draperies, and upholstery ma- 
terial were especially designed or se- 
lected for the room, and blend into a 
symphony of indescribable beauty. 
The sealing rooms are equally lovely. 
The story of the landscaping of the 
temple grounds is intriguing, but can 
be told only briefly here. Long be- 
fore the building itself was completed 
approximately four acres of lawn was 
put in, some twelve species of trees 
(several dozen individual trees in all) 
were transplanted, and ornamental 
plants and shrubs and flowers were 
placed. It is difficult to believe that 
many of the trees, some of which ex- 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



tend 80 feet into the air, have not 
been growing on the grounds for 
many years. 

Twenty-two Specimen Olive trees 
line the two walks leading up to 
the building from Santa Monica 
Boulevard. This is a favorite shade 
and ornamental tree in Southern 
California and was selected because 
of its interesting multiple branching 
and because it is easily adapted to 
domestic use. These trees (which are 
35 to 45 feet wide and 35 feet tall) 
were secured in the La Mirada area, 
thirty miles from the temple, and 
hauled in at night under special per- 
mits because of the great width. 

About two dozen Canary Island 
Pine trees also adorn the grounds. 
Two of the largest are seventy feet 
tall. One of these was boxed in a nine 
foot box about one-half mile from the 
temple and left for three months to 
become established before it was 
moved to the temple grounds. The 
tree and soil weighed about 17 tons. 

Also planted on the grounds are 
three varieties of palm trees, bird of 
paradise trees, fern trees, coast Red- 
woods, liquid amber trees, coral trees 
and maidenhair trees, and two very 
rare Chinese Ginkgo trees. 

Two rock gardens, a reflection pool, 
a rose garden (Mia Maid roses con- 
tributed by Mutual girls of the area) 
and two fountains add to the beauty 
of the grounds. Shrubs planted in 
large boxes on top of the wings of 
the building draw much comment. 
More than two carloads of peat moss, 
and over 600 tons of fertilizer were 
used in preparing the grounds. 

The reaction of men who have 
worked on the project is worthy of 
note. Each day's work was started 
with prayer, and in spite of all the 
activity of construction a spirit of 
peace seemed to permeate the grounds. 

Families of at least three of the 
men who worked on the building 
have joined the Church, and a num- 
ber of families of other workmen are 
seriously investigating. One non- 
member sent his son on a mission 
after he started working on the build- 
ing. When the son returned he bap- 
tized his father into the Church. 

Not only will the work of the Lord 
be carried on within the building, but 
the chances for missionary work 
among the living because of the struc- 
ture are great. Since the Bureau of 
Information was opened last March 
there have been over 55,600 visitors 
during the work-day hours. Many 
of them, driving along Santa Monica 
NOVEMBER 1955 



Boulevard have reported that they 
were so startled and impressed with 
the magnitude and beauty of the 
building and grounds that they could 
not resist stopping to inquire about 
the building. 

The following report is typical. 
President Williams explained some- 
thing of the purpose of the temple to 
a visitor from New Zealand and her 
American friend. After the two had 
been left alone for a few moments 
they again approached President 
Williams and the American woman 
said, "What you have been telling 




Putting the finishing touches on the grill- 
work. 



us gives us goose pimples. It is so 
different from anything we have ever 
heard before. My friend says she is 
going to join your Church." 

"Yes," the New Zealand woman 
responded, "this is so much greater 
than anything I have ever heard. I 
would be happy for your missionaries 
to call on me in New Zealand so that 
I might learn more." 

A surprising number of non -mem- 
bers of the Church from coast to 
coast, disappointed at not being able 
to go through the building, have left 
their names and addresses and asked 
to be notified if the temple is to be 
opened for visitors. A New York man 
said he would time a business trip to 
the Coast to coincide with the temple 
opening if he could tour it. 

Requests for tours through the tem- 
ple have come from civic and service 
clubs, business and professional 
groups, religious conference groups, 
and others. 

Such, in brief, is the story of the 
Los Angeles Temple to date. 

As the time for dedication ap- 
proaches members of the Church 
throughout the world join with the 
saints in the Los Angeles Temple area 
in thanksgiving to our Heavenly 
Father for the erection of this holy 
house where his work can be carried 



on. 



-George Bergstrom Photos 



President William 
Noble Waite of the 
South Los Angeles 
Stake presents a 
check to President 
David O. McKay 
on behalf of the 
members of the 
Church in Southern 
California who 
pledged $1,648,- 
613.17 for temple 
construction. 




807 




— Photo by Hal Rumel 
Architect's conception of the London Temple. 




— United Press Photo 

President David O. McKay presides at the ground-breaking. 



The 

LONDON TEMPLE 



by Albert L. Zobell, /n 



RESEARCH EDITOR 



Map showing English countryside. The star indicates the temple site. 




The house at Newchapel, from the formal gardens. 



808 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




A portion of the congregation at the ground-breaking. 



■ — United Press Photo 



When President David O. McKay 
broke ground for the British 
Temple on Saturday, August 27, 
1955, at Newchapel, Surrey, England, 
about twenty-five miles south of Lon- 
don, the dream of the British mem- 
bers of the Church for a house of 
the Lord in their homeland moved 
a step closer to realization. 

The land of Great Britain, third 
oldest mission field of the Church 
(only the United States and Canada 
are older), has been a bulwark of 
strength for the restored gospel since 
the days of the Prophet Joseph Smith. 
It was in July 1837, while the head- 
quarters of the Church were at Kirt- 
land, Ohio, and ten years before the 
pioneers entered the valley of the 
Great Salt Lake, that LDS mission- 
aries first arrived in the British Isles. 

One would surely have to be a 
member living in Great Britain to 
know just what a temple in that land 
means to those brothers and sisters. 



The latest Church records (July 
1955) indicate that there are now 
8,924 members in the British Mis- 
sion. 

It had been arranged that the 
European tour of the Salt Lake 
Tabernacle Choir would coincide, 
and that the choir would be present 
and sing at the ground breaking. 

The full text of President McKay's 
address at these services is as follows: 

"My brethren and sisters: The 
Tabernacle Choir, on its initial [Eu- 
ropean] tour, has already established 
a number of firsts. For the first time 
in the history of the Church, a group 
of members of the Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter-day Saints was wel- 
comed at Greenock by the Provost 
and Lady, uniformed band, bagpipes, 
kilts. For the first time, the Lord 
Provost and Lady of Glasgow greeted 
an organization of the Church in the 
Municipal Hall. For the first time 
in the history of the Church, the 



London County Council greeted 
members and officials of the choir. 

"But this is not the first time that 
we have held ground-breaking cere- 
monies for a house of the Lord. It is 
the first time in Great Britain. 

"Whether the London Temple will 
be the thirteenth or fourteenth tem- 
ple to be dedicated, remains to be 
seen, which temple — the London or 
the New Zealand Temple — will be 
erected first. We have now com- 
pleted or have under construction 
fourteen temples in the Church, and 
others are under consideration. This 
is a very significant occasion. We 
propose to, figuratively speaking, com- 
mence the erection of the London 
Temple by breaking ground on the 
southeast corner of where the temple 
will stand. 

"There are only two men in this 
congregation who visualize the Lon- 
don Temple in its perfection. Those 
(Continued on following page) 



President McKay addressing 
Saints and missionaries as he 
dedicated the temple site, August 
10, 1953. 




NOVEMBER 1955 



809 



• 



THE LONDON TEMPLE 



(Continued from preceding page) 
two gentlemen have already spoken 
to you — Edward O. Anderson and 
Sir Thomas Bennett. These archi- 
tects have the ability to visualize the 
structure as it will appear when com- 
pleted. You and I cannot see that, 
except in picture form. These two 
gentlemen already visualize every 
room, every wall, even every bolt 
from foundation to turret. We join 
them today, however, in starting the 
erection of this magnificent temple. 

"We have in our hearts the prayer 
that it will be built solidly, sacredly, 
that those who participate in the 
architectural design, those who take 
the contract, and the workmen, may 
all feel that they are erecting a house 
to the glory of God and to the salva- 
tion and happiness of his children. 
Indeed, I think it would be appropri- 
ate for us to quote Ruskin as follows: 

" 'When we build, let us think that 
we build forever. Let it not be for 
present delight, nor for present use 
alone. Let it be such work as our 
descendants will thank us' for, and 
let us think, as we lay stone on stone, 
that a time is to come when these 
stones will be held sacred because 
our hands have touched them, and 
men will say, as they look upon the 
labor and wrought substance of them: 
'See this our Fathers did for us.' " 

"In years to come, many of us 
may not be able to come back and 
pass the highway which you are fac- 
ing. Your children may. And if 
they pass the completed structure 
dedicated to the Lord, they will say, 
'See, my parents (or my grandpar- 
ents) were there on the occasion that 
the ground was broken on the south- 
east corner of that edifice.' 

"There is one thing more which I 
think we should keep in mind, and 
that is that as this structure will rise 
in keeping with the drawing of these 
master (or maestro) architects, let 
us keep in mind that we, too, are 
building. Each one here is building 
a temple to the Most High; for ex- 
ample, 

" 'Chisel in hand stood a sculptor boy 
With his marble block before him, 
And his eye lit up with a gleam of 

As his life-dream passed before him. 

" 'He carved it well on the shapeless 

stone 

810 



With many a sharp incision; 

Then that angel dream became his 

own, 
His own that angel vision. 

' 'Sculptors of life are we as we stand 
With our souls uncarved before us, 
Waiting the time when at God's com- 
mand 
Our life dream shall pass o'er us. 

" 'If we carve it well on the shapeless 

stone, 
With many a sharp incision, 
That angel dream we make our own, 
Our own that angel vision.' 

— George W. Doane 

"I leave that thought with this 
group assembled in the ground-break- 
ing ceremonies today. We cannot in 
our mind visualize the structure that 
will be erected here as our architects 
see it. We cannot see the soul of 
the architect or the soul that we are 
making, but each one has the re- 
sponsibility of carving that soul well, 
visualizing as his guide the Savior of 
the world. 

"God help each of us to draw that 
lesson today as we participate in the 
ground-breaking ceremonies, I pray, 
in the name of Jesus Christ. Amen." 

The services were conducted under 
a cove of trees in the garden until it 
was time for President McKay to walk 
to the point for the southeast corner 
of the temple. The program in- 
cluded: 

"The Morning Breaks," Salt Lake 
Tabernacle Choir; Invocation, Elder 
J. Spencer Cornwall, conductor of the 
Choir; "The Lord's Prayer," Taber- 
nacle Choir; Address, President A. 
Hamer Reiser of the British Mission; 
Address, Elder Edward O. Anderson, 
Church Temple Architect; Address, 
Sir Thomas Bennett, supervising 
architect for the British Temple; Ad- 
dress, President David O. McKay 
followed by the ground breaking*; 
"O My Father," male chorus of the 
Tabernacle Choir; Benediction, Elder 
Richard L. Evans of the Council of 
the Twelve. 

The sun shone until the breaking 
of the ground, and then rain fell 
during the closing hymn and prayer. 



*Participating in the ground breaking were Elders 
Evans, Anderson, Reiser, and Sir Thomas Bennett. 



Later there was sunshine again as 
the visitors toured the temple grounds. 

The story of Newchapel, the site 
of the London Temple, is a fascinat- 
ing one. The earliest record appears 
to be found in William the Con- 
queror's Doomsday Book. The lands 
surrounding the temple site are in- 
ventoried there, and the documents 
formed the basis for the division of 
the land to William's loyal followers 
and the establishment of the feudal 
system. 

Newchapel was an old Elizabethan 
farm, and the remains of the old farm- 
house can be seen in the present 
house which stands on the estate. 

Much later the property was ac- 
quired by a British inventor who 
understook to develop the farm into 
a country estate. He sold the prop- 
erty to an American who made the 
largest investment in the property, 
developing the gardens and the home. 
Again the property was sold, this time 
to Mr. and Mrs. Pears of the Pears 
Soap Company. 

During his 1952 European tour, 
President McKay examined several 
sites in Great Britain that might be 
suitable for a temple. Late in this 
exploration, he and the late Elder 
Stayner Richards, who was then an 
Assistant to the Council of the Twelve 
and president of the British Mission, 
found Newchapel but discovered that 
it was not for sale. President Rich- 
ards completed his mission, and 
President Reiser assumed his duties, 
one of which was to find a site 
for the temple. About six months 
after President McKay and President 
Richards had seen the Newchapel 
property, the owners were again ap- 
proached. This time they consented 
to sell to the Church. It took several 
months to close the negotiations, but 
when President McKay returned to 
Europe in 1953, he dedicated this site 
for a temple on August 10. 

The home on the property, al- 
though Elizabethan in style, is only 
about thirty years old. 

A branch of the Church has been 
established at Newchapel, and the 
genealogical offices of the British 
Mission have been moved to a re- 
modeled building on the grounds. 
President Charles Beckingham of the 
Newchapel Branch has been ap- 
pointed caretaker of the grounds and 
building, and Brother Albert Stephen- 

(Concluded on page 847) 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



A TEMPLE IN THE 
SOUTH PACIFIC 



by A Hie Howe 

ERA EDITORIAL STAFF 



IN the land of the Maori, prepara- 
tion is being made for the break- 
ing of ground for the New 
Zealand Temple near Hamilton, an 
inland city on the northern isle. From 
the Australian, Samoan, Tongan and 
Tahitian missions, Saints will come 
to this house of the Lord. The 
membership of the Church has long 
known of the devotion, consecration, 
and faith of the people of Polynesia. 
That they may soon have the oppor- 
tunity of receiving divine blessings 
obtainable only in a temple is cause 
for thanksgiving by Latter-day Saints 
everywhere. 

Continuing in their pattern of de- 
votion to the gospel, they will build 
their temple without paid labor. 
Humble men, dedicated to the cause, 
are giving their all in the missionary 
spirit until the work is completed. 
Along with twenty specially called 
missionaries (and their families) from 
the center stakes of Zion, each a 
specialist in his field, over two hun- 
dred New Zealand Saints have con- 
secrated themselves and their tal- 
ents to this full-time work. 

In the same spirit of the great faith 
of these Saints, the temple location 
was chosen. The story is one of testi- 
mony to all who hear, and certainly 
another latter-day conviction that 
the prophet Amos spoke in power 
and truth: "Surely the Lord God will 
do nothing, but he revealeth his se- 
cret unto his servants the prophets." 
(Amos 3:7.) 

The story began when President 
David O. McKay assigned President 
Wendell B. Mendenhall of the San 
Joaquin Stake to a special mission — 
that of investigating possible temple 
sites in these beautiful lands of the 
South Seas. 

President Mendenhall accepted this 
appointment in the realization that 
his mission was of a confidential na- 
ture. Seeking to acquire property for 
general Church purposes, he investi- 
gated available lands in Auckland, 
New Zealand, where mission, head- 
NOVEMBER 1955 



Then, in my mind, I could see the 
area even before I arrived, and I 
could envision the hill where the 
temple should stand. As soon as I 
arrived at the college and drove over 
the top of the hill, my whole vision 
was confirmed. In my heart I felt 
that the Lord had especially made this 
hill for his temple, everything about 
it was so majestic and beautiful." 

Without discussing the matter of a 
temple site with anyone, President 
Mendenhall investigated the possi- 
bility of purchasing this land for an 
addition to the Church property but 
received a negative response. This 
"Then one day I felt I should go to was the only strip of property separat- 
Hamilton to visit the college," [eighty ing the college grounds from the ex- 
miles southeast of Auckland], Presi- tensive Church farm lands; if the 
dent Mendenhall related to the property could be acquired, it would 
writer. "While in the car on the join the land together into one choice 
way, the whole thing came to me whole. 

in an instant: The temple should Two weeks later, President McKay 

be there by the college. The Church arrived late one evening. Being travel 
facilities for construction were al- weary, he retired at once, and it was 
ready there, and that was the center not until early the next morning that 
of the population of the mission. (Continued on following page) 



quarters are located. But the satis- 
faction of obtaining the proper place 
for the temple was not experienced. 




— Photo by Hal Rumel 
Architect's drawing of New Zealand Temple planned to be dedicated within two years 
of ground-breaking ceremonies. Temple will face the northeast. 

811 



:--::.:: ■.:.:: ;:., .: :. ::■::■■:■■ 





(12) 





Spot on which New Zealand Temple will stand, overlooking college campus 
beyond hedgerow. 



lying 






Looking from the southwest over the top of hill where temple will stand. 



812 



LEGEND 

Panoramic view of college campus, temple 
hill, and Church farm lands. 

1. Proposed temple site behind figure 1. 

2. Point from which picture bottom of 
page 813 was taken. 

3. Natural lake on Church farm lands. 

4. Point (just behind figure 4) from which 
picture bottom page 812 was taken. 

5. Girls' dormitory at college. 

6. Mission "Hui Tau" Hall. 

7. Joinery or workshop. 

8. Site of college gymnasium, auditorium, 
swimming pool, and cafeteria. 

9. Classroom buildings. 

10. Faculty homes. See picture top of page 
813. 

11. Site of college administration building. 

12. Boys' dormitories at college. 

13. Site of athletic field. 



A Temple in the South Pacific 

(Continued from preceding page) 

President Mendenhall greeted him 
while in the company of three other 
brethren. Consequently, there could 
be no mention of a site for the tem- 
ple. President McKay, President 
Mendenhall, and the other three 
brethren drove out to look over the 
college construction and the farm 
lands. 

"As we drove up the road, there 
was that noble hill," continued Presi- 
dent Mendenhall. "We directed our 
travel around the back of it to the 
farm lands. After we stepped from 
the car and were looking around, 



— Photos courtesy President Wendell B. Mendenhall, 
the Church Building Committee, and the Deseret 
News-Salt Lake Telegram. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




College faculty homes 
and temple hill rising 



in 



the 



rear. 



President McKay called me to one 
side. By the way he was looking at 
the hill, I could tell immediately what 
was on his mind. I had not said a 
word to him. He asked, 'What do 
you think?' I knew what his ques- 
tion implied, and I simply asked in 
return, 'What do you think, Presi- 
dent McKay?' And then in an al- 
most prophetic tone he pronounced, 
'This is the place to build the tem- 
ple.' " 

The Lord had again revealed his 
will unto his servant, a prophet of 
God. 

". . . Then a week later President 
McKay came back to this beautiful 
spot," President Mendenhall related, 
"and I bear witness to you, . . . that 
I saw the prophet of this Church in 
the spirit of vision, and" when he 
walked away from that hill, he knew 
the house of the Lord was to be 
erected upon that particular spot."* 

President Mendenhall had found 
that the Murray family, the property 
owners — three brothers, their mother 
and a sister — were not willing to sell. 
But the day President McKay re- 
turned to the hill, the three brothers 
watched as he walked around it. 



*From address delivered at General Priesthood 
meeting held in the Tabernacle, Saturday evening, 
April 2, 1955. 



Then as the brethren went to get in 
the car to leave the hill, one of the 
three approached President Menden- 
hall and said they did not want to 
sell the property, but suggested they 
discuss the matter after President 
McKay had finished his tour. As the 
car drove away, President McKay said 
in a tone of reassuring confidence, 
"They will sell it; they will sell it." 
Accordingly, the day President 
McKay left, President Mendenhall 
and Elder George Biesinger, super- 
visor of Church construction in New 
Zealand, went to see the Murray 
brothers. That morning they sat up- 
on the hill itself as they discussed the 
property, and by eleven o'clock the 
owners had agreed to see an attorney 
about the sale. There were two of 
the brothers present at the morning 
meeting, so they called the other 
brother, who was fishing, the sister 
from another community, and their 
mother, and all went into town. At 
three o'clock that afternoon the Mur- 
ray family had definitely decided to 
sell the property. 

"Elder Biesinger and I previously 
had gone over the property very 
thoroughly and had put a valuation 
on it by breaking it down into various 
lots and acres," President Mendenhall 



reported. "When we met with the 
attorney, we found the sellers had 
over-priced the property consider- 
ably. After debating the matter for 
about an hour, the attorney said, 
'Would you be willing to consider 
this purchase if I break the property 
down my way and arrive at its valua- 
tion?' We told him we would." 

After working a while, he passed 
his figures to President A'lendcnhall 
and Elder Biesinger. As they looked 
at it, the figures were difficult to 
believe — the proposal was, to the 
penny, the evaluation they had com- 
puted. 

By late afternoon the Church had 
a signed agreement from the owners 
to sell. A family of five all decided 
in a few hours against their negative 
decision of the week before. "And to- 
day," President Mendenhall explains, 
"they can't understand why they ever 
sold the land." 

But this was not the only marvel in 
the acquisition of the land. The pur- 
chase naturally had to be approved 
by the New Zealand Land Aggrega- 
tion Court. The day the local court 
turned it down, Mr. Corbett, the Na- 
tional Minister of Lands, went with 
President Mendenhall to look over 
(Continued on page 827) 



Rear view of temple 
site. The hill rises 170 
feet above valley floor. 





NOVEMBER 1955 



813 



One has only to read the scriptures 
carefully, particularly the mod- 
ern scriptures, to discover that 
temples must have been built and 
used in great antiquity even in the 
days of the antediluvian patriarchs. 
In the Doctrine and Covenants, sec- 
tion 124:39, the Lord speaks of his 
holy house ". . . which my people are 
always commanded to build unto my 
holy name." (Italics author's.) And 
why should not temples be as neces- 
sary for the giving of holy endow- 
ments to the living in the days of the 
ancient patriarchs as now? Surely 
the Lord's requirements for the exal- 
tation of men in antiquity would be 
essentially the same as now. 

When one thinks of Enoch and his 
people who walked with God and 
were received into his bosom (Moses 
7:69), it seems incredible that they 
should be so received without the en- 
dowments usually given to men in 
holy temples only. Much is said in 
the Doctrine and Covenants, section 
132:29-37 about the blessings of 
Abraham which he received as a result 
of his faith in God. The Lord says 
that he ". . . hath entered into his 
exaltation and sitteth upon his 
throne." (Verse 29.) The same may 
be said of Isaac and Jacob. (Verse 
37.) Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob must 
have had sealed upon them all of the 
blessings of the gospel, including all 
of the holy endowments given to the 
faithful in mortality. 

Some may ask where the temples 
were in which they could receive 
their endowments. It is true that 
scripture says little directly about 
temples in the days of the ancient 



Some Thoughts Concerning 

Ancient Temples 
and their functions 

by Dr. Sidney B. Sperry 

DIRECTOR OF GRADUATE STUDIES IN RELIGION 
BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY 



— Photos courtesy the author 



patriarchs, but that does not prove 
they did not exist. The Church ex- 
isted in Abraham's day; in fact, the 
great Melchizedek seems to have been 
the head of it, and it was to him that 
the father of the faithful paid tithes. 
(Gen. 14:20.) Abraham also re- 
ceived his priesthood from Melchize- 
dek. (D & C 84:14.) The fact that 
tithes were paid in Abraham's time 
would lead us to believe that such 
income would be used in part for 
erecting houses of worship and for 
building or maintaining a temple 
"which my people are always com- 
manded to build unto my holy name," 
repeating our first quotation. 

The explanations given to certain 
figures contained in Facsimile No. 2 
in the Book of Abraham must con- 
vince the thoughtful Latter-day Saint 
reader that Abraham was acquainted 
with the sacred endowments and 
hence a temple or its equivalent in 




Dr. Schick's reconstruction of the Tabernacle of Moses. 



814 



which they would be administered. 
The further fact that the gospel was 
extensively preached in Palestine 
prior to the advent of the Israelites 
under Joshua must open our minds to 
the possibility of a fully manned 
church organization in the Holy Land 
in ancient times. (1 Nephi 17:35.) 
Such a church would doubtless have 
the spiritual benefits of a temple. 

When Moses brought Israel out of 
Egypt, one of the first things that he 
did was to try to get the people to 
accept the higher priesthood and re- 
ceive the ordinances wherein ". . . 
the power of godliness is manifest." 
(D&C 84:19-20.) 

And without the ordinances thereof, and 
the authority of the priesthood, the power 
of godliness is not manifest unto men in 
the flesh; 

For without this no man can see the 
face of God, even the Father, and live. 

Now this Moses plainly taught to the 
children of Israel in the wilderness, and 
sought diligently to sanctify his people that 

they might behold the face of God. (Ibid., 
84:21-23.) 

Such a program as Moses envisaged 
required the holy endowments and, 
although the great lawgiver could 
not build a temple in the wilderness, 
he could fashion an acceptable taber- 
nacle wherein they could be admin- 
istered. 

And again, verily I say unto you, how 
shall your washings be acceptable unto me, 
except ye perform them in a house which 
you have built in my name? 

For, for this case I commanded Moses 
that he should build a tabernacle, that 
they should bear it with them in the 
wilderness, and to build a house in the 
land of promise, that those ordinances might 
be revealed which had been hid from before 
the world was. (Ibid., 124:37-38.) 

We do not know the extent to 

which ordinances pertaining to the 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




t: 



— Photograph courtesy Biblical Archaeology 

Stevens' reconstruction of the Temple of Solomon, drawn from specifications prepared 
by W. F. Albright and G. Ernest Wright. 



te 




The "Moulten Sea" of Solomon's Temple. Howland-Garber reconstruction. 



Melchizedek Priesthood were per- 
formed in the tabernacle while in the 
wilderness and in Palestine up to the 
time of the building of Solomon's 
Temple, but that such ordinances 
were performed seems certain in the 
light of such statements as this: 

David's wives and concubines were given 
unto him of me, by the hand of Nathan, 
my servant, and others of the prophets who 
had the keys of this power; . . . (Ibid., 
132:39.) 

It seems more reasonable to believe 
that Nathan and the other prophets 
would seal David's wives and concu- 
bines to him in a holy place such as 
the tabernacle than in any other 
structure. 

There may have been long periods 
during the days of the Judges when 
the ordinances pertaining to the Mel- 
chizedek Priesthood would not be 
performed in the tabernacle, consider- 
ing the history found in chapters 17- 
21 of the book of Judges. In those 
NOVEMBER 1955 



days ". . . every man did that which 
was right in his own eyes." (Judges 
17:6; 21:25.) The ordinances per- 
taining to the Aaronic Priesthood 
may have been more extensively per- 
formed during this period; but even 
on this score we have little informa- 
tion. 

Within chapters 25-40 of the book 
of Exodus one will find accounts of 
the building of the tabernacle and 
the various restrictions concerning it. 



First of all we notice that the Lord 
said to his people, "And let them 
make me a sanctuary; that I may 
dwell among them." (Ex. 25:8.) 
Hence the structure was to be com- 
monly known as the "house of the 
Lord." {Ibid., 34:26; Joshua 6:24.) 
The tabernacle was constructed of 
the finest materials that the people 
had or could obtain while in the 
wilderness. There were the hair and 
skins of the flocks, the acacia wood 
of the wilderness, and the skin of 
the tachash, possibly a porpoise or 
similar creature from the Red Sea. 
The people gave liberally of their 
ornaments and gold, silver, brass, and 
linen in abundance to go into this 
movable sanctuary in the form of a 
tent. 

The tabernacle proper was in the 
form of a rectangle, thirty cubits long 
by ten broad, with the entrance at 
the east end. It was also ten cubits 
high. Translated into modern units, 
the dimensions were forty five feet 
by fifteen feet by fifteen feet. The 
interior of the structure was divided 
into two main parts, the one on the 
extreme west which was fifteen feet 
square being known as the Holy of 
Holies, and the other on the east, 
which was known as the sanctuary or 
holy place, was thirty feet long and 
fifteen feet wide. A kind of vestibule 
was on the extreme eastern end of 
the holy place where the entrance to 
the structure was located. 

The tabernacle was located in the 
west end of an outer court which was 
about seventy-five feet wide and one 
hundred fifty feet long. The white 
linen curtain about the outer court 
was held in position by sixty posts 
with silver caps and brass sockets. In 
the eastern half of the outer court, 
in front of the tabernacle, was lo- 
cated the laver (Ex. 30:17-21) for 
washing feet and hands, and the altar 
of burnt offering, which was made of 
acacia or shittim wood overlaid with 
{Continued on following page) 




Dr. Schick's reconstruction of ZerubbabePs Temple. 



815 




&3t$ 



:r\ v*- , -•] j . 







**.: 



■<;. '■- . 





s« 



: .;.'. 



i. Ik' 



Reconstruction of a Babylonian temple. 



— Photos courtesy of the Oriental Institute, University of Chicago 

Model of small Egyptian Temple of Medinet Habu. 



Ancient Temples and 
Their Functions 

(Continued from preceding page) 

brass. The altar was hollow to facili- 
tate its removal during the journeys 
of the Israelites; whenever they 
pitched it, it was filled with earth, 
and sacrifices were burned thereon. 
(See cuts of Dr. Schick's recon- 
structions of the tabernacle and 
court. ) 

Just how endowment ceremonies 
were arranged for in the tabernacle 
as described we can only conjecture. 
But within the Holy of Holies, where 
the ark of the covenant was located, 
the Lord made provision to commune 
with the leaders of his people. The 
Lord said to Moses: 

... I will commune with thee from 
above the mercy seat, from between the two 
cherubims which are upon the ark of the 
testimony, of all things which I will give 
thee in commandment unto the children of 
Israel. (Ibid., 25:22.) 

We know that the dedication of 
the tabernacle took place on the first 
day of the second year after the de- 
parture of the Israelites from Egypt. 
(Ibid., 40:17.) A cloud rested upon 
the sacred structure by day and a 
pillar of fire by night during all the 
period of wandering. Whenever the 
camp moved, the Levites took the 
tabernacle to pieces and put it to- 
gether again at the new camping 
place. (Ibid., 40:34-38.) 

When the Israelites were settled in 
Canaan, Joshua stationed the taber- 
nacle in Shiloh, where it remained 
during the period of the judges. 
(Joshua 18:1.) During Saul's reign 
it was at Nob. (Cf. I Sam. 21:1 with 
Mark 2:26.) During most of David's 
reign and that of Solomon's until the 

816 



building of the temple, the tabernacle 
was set up at the high place of 
Gibeon. (I Chron. 16:39; 21:29.) 
Eventually Solomon laid it up in the 
temple (I Kings 8:4; II Chron. 5:5), 
which was constructed on the same 
model but was in every part at least 
twice as large. 

The materials for the permanent 
house of the Lord, known as Solo- 
mon's Temple, were accumulated 
mostly by David. (II Sam. 7; I Chron. 
28:11-29:9.) It is estimated that he 
gathered a total of 108,000 talents of 
gold, 10,000 darics of gold, and 
1,017,000 talents of silver for the 
prospective structure and its furnish- 
ings. With these metals and other 
materials for which Solomon made 
arrangements, the king built a most 








'- ~5«o«*«p»,: 



Temple of the Warriors, Chichen Itza. 




lavish temple to the Lord. It was 
completed in seven and one-half 
years. 

As to the ordinances conducted in 
this and succeeding temples in Israel, 
we need say little. They would 
probably be the same as those per- 
formed in the tabernacle. 

The appearance of the Temple of 
Solomon may be approximately that 
of the Stevens' reconstruction shown 
in the cut accompanying this article. 

A word should be said about the 
"moulten sea" or fount supported by 
twelve oxen which many Latter-day 
Saints have mistakenly supposed was 
beneath Solomon's Temple symboliz- 
ing baptism for the dead. In II 
Chronicles we find this said about 
it: 

. . . the sea was for the priests to wash 
in . . . and he [Solomon] set the sea at 
the right side of the east end, over against 
the south [i.e., southeast of the temple] . 
(II Chron. 4:6, 10; cf. I Kings 7:39.) 

In the reign of Ahaz (736-721 
B.C.), that ruler took down the sea 
from off the brazen oxen and stood it 
upon a stone pavement. (II Kings 
16:17.) When Nebuchadnezzar cap- 
tured Jerusalem in 590 B.C. (Book 
of Mormon chronology), he broke the 
fount in pieces. (II Kings 25:13; Jer. 
27:19-22.) 

It is of considerable interest to us 
that scholars affirm the fact that seas 
were built for Babylonian temples. 1 

Following the Babylonian captivity, 
Cyrus the Persian king authorized the 
Jews to build a temple 60 cubits (90 
feet) in height and breadth (Ezra 
6:3; Josephus, Antiquities XI.4, 6; Cf. 
XV. 11, 1), in place of the one de- 
stroyed by Nebuchadnezzar in 590 
(Continued on page 826) 



A temple at Rio Bee, Yucatan. 



1 J. A. Montgomery in International Critical Com- 
mentary, "Kings," p. 173. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Los Angeles Temple Murals 





SCENES FROM THE CREATION ROOM 

Artist, Harris Weberg 



Copyright 1955 by David O. McKay, Trustee-in-Trust 
for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 
Reproduction in full or in part expressly prohibited. 



1 n the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. 

And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. 
And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. 

And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. 

And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness. 

(Genesis 1:1-4.) 



(Color photographs by Hal Rumel) 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Los Angeles Temple Murals 





Copyright 1955 by David O. McKay, Trustee-in-Trust for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Reproduction in full or in part expressly prohibited. 



SCENES FROM THE GARDEN ROOM 

Artist, Edward Grigware 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Los Angeles Temple Murals 





Copyright 1955 by David O. McKay, Trustee-m-Trust for the Church of lesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Reproduction in full or in part expressly prohibited. 



SCENES FROM THE GARDEN ROOM 

Artist, Edward Grigware 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Los Angeles Temple Murals 




Copyright 1955 by David O. McKay, Trustee4n*Trust for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Reproduction in full or in part expressly prohibited. 



SCENE FROM THE GARDEN ROOM 

Artist, Edward Grigware 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Los Angeles Temple Murals 




Copyright 1955 by David O. McKay, Trustee-in-Trust for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Reproduction in full or in part expressly prohibited. 



SCENE FROM THE GARDEN ROOM 
Artist, Edward Grigware 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Los Angeles Temple Murals 




SCENE FROM THE WORLD ROOM 

Artist, Robert L. Shepherd 



Copyright 1955 by David O. McKay, Trustee-in-Trust 
for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 
Reproduction in full or in part expressly prohibited. 



1 herefore the Lord God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from 
whence he was taken. 

So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cheruoims, 
and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life. 

(Genesis 3:23-24.) 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Los Angeles Temple Murals 





Copyright 1955 by David O. McKay, Trustee-in-Trust for the Church of iesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Reproduction in full or in part expressly prohibited. 

SCENES FROM THE WORLD ROOM 

Artist, Robert L. Shepherd 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




Los Angeles Temple Murals 





Copyright 1955 by David O. McKay, Trustee-in-7 'rust for the Church of lesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Reproduction in full or in part expressly prohibited. 



SCENES FROM THE GARDEN ROOM 



Artist, Edward Grigware 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



i. The Eschatological Dilemma 

In any bibliography of present-day 
studies on the Christian religion, 
historical or doctrinal, the word 
eschatology looms large. For the 
Christian, we are told, ". . . any real 
understanding of history is only pos- 
sible in connection with eschatol- 
ogy." 1 And what is eschatology? 
According to Gressmann, one of the 
fathers of modern eschatological stud- 
ies, it was originally whatever had 
to do with the end of things, whether 
of the world, the society, the age in 
which we live or merely of the in- 
dividual—his death and resurrection. 2 
But in the 1880's the German scholars 
began using the word in a special 
sense, applying it specifically to doc- 
trines — Jewish, Christian, or heathen 
— dealing with the end and renewal 
of the earth. 3 Immediately and in- 
evitably the discussion of such teach- 
ings became involved in the terms 
and problems of messianic, apocalyp- 
tic, mythical, mystical, historical, and 
prophetic nature. Whereas formerly 
Messianism and eschatology had had 
nothing to do with each other, the 
new speculations brought them ever 
closer together, until Mowinckel was 
able to announce that they were one 
and the same. 4 Eschatology and 
apocalyptic were identified in every 
conceivable degree of relationship: 
one of the latest studies insists that 
they be sharply separated, since 
eschatology "according to my termi- 
nology [Lindblom speaking] is the 
prophesying of a new and totally 
different age to come." 5 

According to an equally recent and 
authoritative study, eschatology is just 
the opposite of that: "Eschatological 
thought I take [S. B. Frost speaking] 
to be a form of expectation character- 
ized by finality. The eschaton is the 
goal of the time-process, that after 
which nothing further can occur: it 
is the climax of teleogical history. . . . 
It cannot even in thought be super- 
seded by a subsequent event. . . . The 
eschaton is that beyond which the 
faithful never peers." 6 So much for 
the new age — and this sort of thing 
has been going on for seventy-five 



ffie/lfrWl^fo&M^MMlild 



by Dr. Hugh Nibley 
brigham young university 



years! While one school holds that 
eschatology is necessarily a late de- 
velopment in Jewish thought, a prod- 
uct of the captivity and quite un- 
known to the prophets (Lagrange), 
another maintains that prophecy itself 
"rests from the very beginning on a 
. . . fully developed eschatology." 7 

Again, while some (e.g., R. H. 
Charles) have held that the eschato- 
logical ideas of heathen nations were 
first borrowed by Jews, and hence 
Christians, as an anchor to faith when 
their own darling prophecies, espe- 
cially those concerning the Messiah, 
failed to go into fulfilment, others 
regard the Jews themselves as the true 
originators of those ideas. Today 
some are claiming that apocalyptic 
writing is simply a combination of 
eschatology with myth, and Mr. Frost 
issues the resounding statement: 
"Whether apocalyptic is to be dis- 
missed as merely myth eschatologized, 
or whether it is to be taken seriously 
as eschatology in a mythological dress, 
is perhaps the most urgent problem 
confronting the Christian Church to- 
day." 8 Personally, I am glad it does 
not confront my church, since Frost 
is saying in effect: "The most urgent 
problem confronting the court is 
whether the accused forged his name 
to the check or merely changed the 
amount on it." 

Forty-five years ago Father La- 
grange distinguished five different es- 
chatologies, and, in view of the 
completely baffling nature of the evi- 
dence, wisely refused to attempt 
arranging them in any of those evolu- 
tionary or developmental patterns 
which the scientific scholarship of the 
age found so irresistible. He listed: 
1, a temporal cosmic eschatology 
without a Messiah; 2, a transcendent 
cosmic eschatology without Messiah; 




NOVEMBER 1955 



3, a historic Messianic eschatology; 

4, a transcendent Messianic escha- 
tology; and 5, a transcendent cosmic 
eschatology embracing a less tran- 
scendent but historic Messiah. 9 

In such a way the eschatological 
discussion from the first fused and 
intermingled a wealth of related and 
conflicting terms, periods, and peoples, 
and the game of deciding just how 
and to what degree, if any, each ele- 
ment or combination of elements was 
related to the others offered in- 
exhaustible opportunities for learned 
debate: the endless variety of changes, 
the nice shades and dainty nuances 
of meaning, the license of bathing 
forever in the tepid waters of pure 
terminology or spinning spider-like, 
from the substance of one's own 
esoteric secretions, lovely fragile webs 
of definition without end — it was all 
the schoolmen asked of life, and the 
eschatological discussion might have 
gone on like the Trinitarian debate 
for untold generations had not a 
series of great and unforeseen events 
given a wholly new orientation to 
things within the last two decades. 

But behind this great outpouring 
of words, and what keeps it going, 
is the inescapable conviction that 
eschatology, that is, what people 
really believed about their place in 
the universe, holds the key to the 
genuine original Christian view of 
life — that it represents the unique, the 
peculiar, the essentially different ele- 
ment that sets Christian thinking 
apart from all other thinking. Those 
very scholars, such as Harnack and 
Albert Schweitzer, who insist most 
emphatically on the hopeless inade- 
quacy of the evidence, are the most 
reluctant to leave eschatology alone. 
There is some thing big and porten- 
tous hiding here if we could only 
grasp what it is. The vague and 
twittering host of broken fragments 
and wraith-like traditions for all its 
mazy confusion is definitely trying to 
tell us something, and the voices are 
growing louder and clearer every day. 
The whole eschatological issue can 
best be explained, we believe, by a 
{Continued on page 829) 
817 




Beginning a stirring serial - 



HIGH ADVENTURE 

AND A YOUNG MAN'S CONVERSION 

by President S. Dilworth Young 

OF THE FIRST COUNCIL OF THE SEVENTY 



Parti 



Dark against the eastern sky the 
giant clouds of the receding hur- 
ricane glowed then darkened be- 
tween flashes of vivid lightning. The 
Gulf of Mexico, still rough from the 
pounding of the storm, spewed the 
wreckage of the brig Wellington, four 
weeks out of London, upon the shore 
with each heave of the surging tide. 

818 



Planks 
spars, 
rested 
higher 
larger 
The 
ing by 
the eig 
of the 



boxes, crates, hatches, broken 
each in its turn touched land, 
a moment, and then was borne 

on the beach by the next 
comber rolling in. 

ship had taken a terrible beat- 

the storm. The wrenching of 
hty-mile wind, and the heaving 

mountainous seas finally had 



— From a painting by William Ritschel 

done their work, leaving the brig 
slowly settling from the water taken 
aboard by her spreading seams. The 
masts were gone, the hatches over- 
board, the boats broken and splin- 
tered. Finally she floundered a mile 
offshore — near, the captain thought, 
Galveston, Texas. The captain loaded 
the large lifeboat which could still be 
used, with biscuits and water, and 
with his instruments in the stern, and 
the crew at the oars, rigged a jury 
mast and sail and headed for Tam- 
pico. 

In his log for the day he wrote: 
"Terrible storm, wind 80, hurricane. 
Opened ship — abandoned at point 
near Galveston, Texas Republic. 
Crew in lifeboat heading for Tampico. 
One broken arm, Seaman Jones; cut 
scalp, 2nd officer Briggs; lost at sea, 
Jed Colby, cabin boy." Colby was 
last seen clinging to the after hatch 
in the midst of the hurricane — prob- 
ably washed overboard. Then the 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



captain, having accounted for his 
crew to the satisfaction of the law 
of the sea, set his face and his boat 
southwest and steered for Tampico. 

Whatever had been the original 
purpose of the voyage of the Welling- 
ton, it had certainly changed the life 
of Jed Colby, Clinging desperately 
to the half submerged hatch, he 
heartbreakingly remembered how he 
had come to be on board. Shanghaied 
off the docks where he had eked out a 
small living for his mother and him- 
self, he was an unwilling sailor on 
the ship. 

As he was leaving the fishmonger's 
shop after his day's work, Jed cut 
across the head of the London Com- 
pany dock and headed into the deep- 
ening fog. Unable to see more than 
a few feet, he found his way by the 
dim shadows of the walls of build- 
ings. Each shadow was read and 
correctly translated into its proper 
place as he trudged along. Even 
though dim, the landmarks were sure 
with the familiarity of long use in all 
kinds of weather. 

TTe had been walking for ten min- 

utes when he recognized the 
darker shadow of the alley leading to 
the warehouses of the shipping com- 
pany. In a fog one learns soon to 
read the meaning of the varieties of 
denseness. At exactly the right de- 
gree of density he would turn sharp 
right up the alley to the next street. 

Suddenly two figures loomed out 
of the darkness of the alley. They 
were close upon him before he saw 
them. Instinctively startled, he turned 
to run back the way he had come, but 
he was not fast enough. The men 
jumped forward; Jed felt a strong 
arm around his neck. Suddenly a 
great light flashed before his eyes, 
and he knew no more. 

"Blyme you knocked him out cold, 
bos'n; if you'd a hit 'im any harder 
you'd a killed 'im," said the mate. 
"You tyke 'is feet an' I'll tyke 'is 
shoulders, and let's get 'im on board 
before 'e comes to." Along the empty 
street and down the long dock they 
hurried with their unconscious bur- 
den. Presently the hull of the Well- 
ington loomed like a wraith through 
the fog. A dim ship's lantern hung 
near the sloping gangplank. Up the 
plank and across the deck they hur- 
ried with the unconscious boy. A 
rectangle of light struggled momen- 
tarily with the swirling mist and then 
NOVEMBER 1955 



disappeared as though defeated as the 
fo'c'sle door closed. 

"Now into the bunk wi' 'im." They 
swung the boy into an empty bunk. 
To a seaman sitting at the table the 
mate said, "Watch 'im. If 'e comes 
to, just you tie 'im up. We uns 've 
got to get one more before high tide." 

"Aye, I'll watch 'im," answered the 
seaman. He arose and came over to 
the bunk. "Yer muster guv 'im an 
awful clout, 'e won't wake up for 
a long time.'" 

^rdinary noises have strange new 
meaning to one returning to con- 
sciousness. Unusual noises do not 
readily find explanation to the newly 
awakened ability to hear sounds. The 
sounds which penetrated the ears of 
Jed as his addled brain began to 
function, added only to the confusion 
he was already struggling to banish. 
He became aware that his head was 
throbbing painfully. There was a 
strange swish-swish, repeated in slow 
rhythm, which he couldn't quite 
place. There were heavy steps over- 
head accompanied by muffled shouts. 
And there was a distinct rocking mo- 
tion. Finally his head cleared, and 
he realized what had happened. He 
was on a ship. The swish -swish was 
the noise of the ship meeting the 
swells of the sea. The steps and 
shouts were the men on deck over- 
head working the ship. There was 
no mistaking the motion of the bunk. 
That slow roll could only be the 
movement of a ship at sea, meeting 
the mood of the water and the waves. 
Jed sat up. The door to the deck 
was open, letting in a patch of day- 
light to the dismal interior. Lining 
the walls were other bunks. In some 
of them Jed could see sleeping men; 
hear them, too, now that his ears 
were alert to sounds. Two men 
dressed in seaman's togs were sitting 
at the low table. One carved a block 




of wood into a model of a ship, the 
other worked at a piece of sail with 
a sailor's palm* and long thick needle. 

"Where am I?" said Jed, addressing 
the woodcarver. 

"Wal, now, if 'e ain't come alive. 
I thought as 'ow the clip ye got with 
the belayin' pin was like to kill ye. I 
guess ye be tougher than ye look. 
Mebbe ye'll do atterall. Ye say 
'where are ye?' That'll be hard to 
say just now, but usin' the best judg- 
ment that a able bodied seaman has 
when his betters ain't about, I'd s'y 
ye are in the good ship Wellington, 
six hours out of London, headed for 
America. An' now ye are able to use 
yer tongue, the Cap'n wants to see 
yer in the cabin." With that the 
seaman walked over to the boy, took 
him not unkindly by the arm and 
helped him to his feet. 

"Steady now, I'll help yer." Up 
the short ladder and out on to the 
deck they went. The cold, bracing 
air served to clear his head and ease 
some of the ache. The fog had lifted. 
As far as Jed could see was a tumbling 
roaring mass of water. Each wave 
towered momentarily above the ship, 
threatening to engulf it, but was foiled 
each time as the bow rose easily and 
the ship slid over the comber. Over- 
head the great sails bellied out in the 
brisk wind, their force heeling the 
ship a little on its port side. Jed, 
with the assistance of the seaman, 
made his way across the sloping deck 
to the captain's cabin. The sailor 
knocked. At the sound of the gruff 
voice of Captain Strong bidding them 
come in, he pushed the door open. 

"Here's the boy, Cap'n," he an- 
nounced, saluting. 

The door closed and Jed Colby 
looked into the strong, harsh face of 
Captain Ebenezer Strong. 

"Well, boy what's your name?" 

"Jed Colby." 

"Say 'sir' when you speak to me, 
boy. Don't forget that I am cap- 
tain of this ship." 

Anger loosened Jed's tongue. "An' 
why did you shanghai me aboard this 
ship? Me with my mother and two 
brothers to help support. I don't 
know what they'll do with Father 
dead this past year. Ye'd best let me 
go back to 'em." 

"Ye'd have a hard time gettin' back 
with us nearly a day out to sea, boy," 

{Continued on page 829 j 



*A sailor's palm is a hard piece of leather which 
served the place of a thimble and was worn on the 
palm. 

819 



The Kirtland Temple 

For behold, I have accepted this house, and my name shall be 
here; and I will manifest myself to my people in mercy in this 
house. 

Yea, I will appear unto my servants, and speak unto them 
with mine own voice, if my people will keep my commandments, 
and do not pollute this holy house. (D & C 110:7-8.) 

Thus spake the Savior as he appeared and accepted the 
Kirtland Temple April 3, 1836. This vision was fol- 
lowed by the appearance of Moses who committed the 
keys of the gathering of Israel to the Church, then by 
the visit of Elias and of his conferment of authority, and 
finally by the visitation of Elijah in fulfilment of Mala- 
chi's prediction. 

The Kirtland Temple was built in the infancy of the 
Church during the extreme poverty of its members, ac- 
cording to the plan of the Lord. He had specified that 
it "be fifty and five feet in width, and . . . sixty-five feet 
in length, in the inner court thereof." (Ibid., 95:15.) 

The building was dedicated March 27, 1836 by the 
Prophet Joseph Smith who used a prayer that had been 
revealed for the purpose. 

But "the erection of the temple at Kirtland seemed to 
increase the hostile opposition to which the Church had 
been subject since its organization. . . . Within two years 
following the dedication, a general exodus of the Saints 
had taken place, and the temple soon fell into the hands 
of the persecutors." (James E. Talmage, The House of the 
Lord, p. 123.) 

Thus the temple was polluted and rejected. The build- 
ing has been restored and is now used as a meetinghouse 
by the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day 
Saints. 

The Kirtland Temple 

— Photo by Fellowcrafts Studio 




:■: m : : m : : 





h 









The Nauvoo Temple 



llowcrafts Studio 



820 



The Nauvoo Temple 



For a baptismal font there is not upon the earth, that they, 
my saints, may be baptized for those who are dead — 

For this ordinance belongeth to my house, and cannot be ac- 
ceptable to me, only in the days of your poverty, wherein ye are 
not able to build a house unto me. 

But I command you, all ye my saints, to build a house unto me, 
and I grant unto you a sufficient time. . . . (D & C 124:29-31.) 

Thus came a revelation of the Lord on January 19, 
1841. Obedient to that command, the cornerstones 
for the Nauvoo Temple were laid April 6, 1841. 
Before the building was completed, the Prophet and 
his brother Hyrum, the Patriarch, had sealed their testi- 
monies with their blood at Carthage, Illinois, June 
27, 1844. Nevertheless, the Prophet Joseph Smith had 
taken a select few into the upper part of his store in 
Nauvoo, May 4, 1842, and had given them the endow- 
ment. 

In December 1845 endowment work began, and by the 
end of that month more than one thousand members 
had received these blessings. The building was dedicated 
on April 30, 1846, and again on the following day. 

It was not unknown to the Lord that the Church's 
stay in Illinois would be brief. The members needed 
the blessings they were to receive in that sacred build- 
ing in order to pass the fiery furnace of the exodus and 
to come out unscathed. 

In September 1846 the Nauvoo Temple was in pos- 
session of the mobs, and for two years this once hallowed 
structure was abandoned. Then in November 1848 it 
fell prey to the wanton act of an incendiary. A tornado 
in May 1850 blew the walls to the ground. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



The St. George Temple 

Two weeks before I left St. George, the spirits of the dead 
gathered around me, wanting to know why we did not redeem 
them. . . . These were the signers of the Declaration of Independ- 
ence, and they waited on me for two days and two nights. ... I 
straightway went into the baptismal font and called upon Brother 
McAllister to baptize me for the signers of the Declaration of 
Independence, and fifty other eminent men, making one hundred 
in all, including John Wesley, Columbus, and others. 

Wilford Woodruff stated this at the fall general con- 
ference in 1877. 
The St. George Temple is the oldest in the Church 
in terms of continuous service. President Brigham Young 
was the architect for the building. President George A. 
Smith of the First Presidency dedicated the site Novem- 
ber 9, 1871, and ground was broken the same day. The 
seepage from several springs of alkali water threatened 
to ruin the foundations of the building. Pioneer in- 
genuity made a pile driver from a cannon that was a 
Mexican War relic. This great hammer, bouncing three 
times with every charge, pounded hundreds of tons of 
volcanic rock into the earth. It is said that over one 
hundred thousand dollars were spent on the foundation 
alone. 

The cornerstones were laid April 1, 1874 by President 
Brigham Young and others. The walls of the building 
are red sandstone, since painted white. 

On January 1, 1877, the temple was partially dedi- 
cated. At this time Elder Wilford Woodruff became 
president of the St. George Temple. The forty-seventh 
annual general conference of the Church was held in 
the temple, April 6, 7, and 8, 1877. The entire structure 
was dedicated by President Daniel H. Wells of the First 
Presidency during this conference.' 




The Logan Temple 



-Photo by ]. Fred Thunell 





NOVEMBER 1955 



—Photo by Willard Luce 
The St. George Temple 

The Logan Temple 

Every foundation stone that is laid for a temple, and every 
temple completed according to the order the Lord has revealed for 
his Holy Priesthood, lessens the power of Satan on earth, and 
increases the power of God and godliness, moves the heavens in 
mighty power in our behalf, invokes and calls down upon us the 
blessings of Eternal Gods, and those who reside in their presence. 

Elder George Q. Cannon of the Council of the Twelve 
stated this truth at the laying of the cornerstones 
of the Logan Temple, September 17, 1877. 

Although there are references uttered of a promised 
temple in Cache Valley being built as early as July 1857, it 
was in August 1863 that Elder Wilford Woodruff prom- 
ised this temple to the children of Logan when "you 
become men and women." His finger pointed to the 
east bench of Logan. 

Elder Truman O. Angell, the architect of the Salt 
Lake Temple, was also the architect for this building. 
The site for the temple was designated by President 
Brigham Young, and the place was dedicated by Orson 
Pratt, May 17, 1877, at services conducted by President 
Young. 

Excavation was begun for this five-story building of 
very dark gray siliceous limestone on May 28, 1877. The 
cornerstones were laid on September 17, 1877, under the 
direction of President John Taylor. He dedicated the 
building May 17, 1884. 

A Logan Temple Association was organized after the 
temple was completed. A school was conducted for 
worthy members of the Church, at the temple (remini- 
scent of the School of the Prophets at the Kirtland Tem- 
ple) where various subjects from theology to science were 
taught. 

821 




The Manti Temple 



by ]osef Muench 



The Manti Temple 

When we dedicated the temple at Manti, many of the brethren 
and sisters saw the presence of spiritual beings, discernible only to 
the inward eye. The Prophets Joseph, Hyrum, Brigham, and 
various other apostles that have gone, were seen, and not only 
this, but the ears of many of the faithful were touched, and they 
heard the music of the heavenly choir. 

This is the statement of the late Elder Franklin D. 
Richards of the Council of the Twelve. 
Ground was broken, and the temple site was dedi- 
cated April 25, 1877 by President Brigham Young. Early 
that morning President Young had asked Warren S. 
Snow to go with him to the temple hill. In the words of 
Brother Snow: "We two were alone; President Young 
took me to the spot where the temple was to stand; we 
went to the southeast corner, and President Young said: 
'Here is the spot where the Prophet Moroni stood and 
dedicated this piece of land for a temple site, and that 
is the reason why the location is made here, and we 
can't move it from this spot.' " 

Two years of blasting and scraping were required to 
prepare the footings and foundation for the building. 
Then, on April 14, 1879, the cornerstones were laid, and 
the work was begun on the walls, which were built of 
the cream-colored oolitic limestone which was taken from 
the quarry at the temple site. 

The eleven-year-construction period would have broken 
the spirits of a less valiant group or a people inspired 
with a less lofty ideal. 

But at last all was in readiness, and Elder Lorenzo 
Snow of the Council of the Twelve offered the dedica- 
tory prayer for the Manti Temple, May 21, 1888. 

822 



The Salt Lake Temple 



I want to see the temple built in a manner that it will endure 
through the Millennium. This is not the only temple we shall 
build; there will be hundreds of them built and dedicated to the 
Lord. This temple will be known as the first temple built in 
the mountains by the Latter-day Saints. And when the Millen- 
nium is over, and all the sons and daughters of Adam and Eve, 
down to the last of their posterity, who come within the reach 
of the clemency of the gospel, have been redeemed in hundreds 
of temples through the administration of their children as proxies 
for them, I want that temple to stand as a proud monument of 
the faith, perseverance, and industry of the Saints of God in the 
mountains, in the nineteenth century. 

So President Brigham Young addressed his congrega- 
tion on October 6, 1863. 
The Salt Lake Temple site had been selected on 
July 28, 1847 when President Young, while walking with 
his associates, placed a cane in the ground, saying: "Here 
we will build the temple of our God." 

At the October 1852 general conference it was unani- 
mously decided that "we build a temple of the best mate- 
rials that can be obtained in the mountains of North 
America." Granite from Little Cottonwood Canyon was 
therefore used. 

Ground was broken for the Salt Lake Temple on 
February 14, 1853; the laying of the cornerstones took 
place April 6, 1853. Elder Truman O. Angell was the 
architect for the building. For forty years the Saints 
worked and prayed and worked again on building this 
house of the Lord. 

President Wilford Woodruff dedicated the building 
April 6, 1893. Many dedicatory services were held in 
the weeks to follow. Several of these services were held 
just for Sunday School children and their teachers. 



The Salt Lake Temple 



— Photo by Hal Rumel 




THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




The Hawaiian Temple 

-Photo courtesy Castle H. Murphy 



The Hawaiian Temple 

This land, the land of Laie, was one of the cities of refuge in 
olden times and now it is a city of refuge indeed, both to the 
spirit and body of man. . . . When President George Q. Cannon 
visited here, fifty years after the gospel had been established, he told 
us, both at Laie and Honolulu, that the time would soon come 
when we would have a house in which to perform the ordinances 
necessary for the salvation of the living and the dead. 

These are the words of Elder Samuel E. Woolley at the 
dedication of the Hawaiian Temple. He was then 
completing almost a quarter century of presiding over 
the Saints of the Hawaii Mission, and had had much to 
do with the construction of the temple to bless those 
Polynesian brothers and sisters. 

President Joseph F. Smith, himself an early mission- 
ary to those islands, dedicated the site for this temple at 
Laie on June 1, 1915. 

The temple, dedicated by President Heber J. Grant 
on Thanksgiving Day, November 27, 1919, is on a 
moderately high eminence commanding an unequaled 
view of the Pacific. 



, The Canadian Temple 

This land will yet become a breadbasket to the world; and in 
this land a temple shall be reared to the worship of Almighty God. 

To a people beset by the tribulations of pioneering a 
new area came this promise by one of their number, 
Elder John W. Taylor of the Council of the Twelve, 
late in the nineteenth century. 

President Joseph F. Smith dedicated the site for this 
temple at Cardston, Alberta, on July 27, 1913. It was 
the old tabernacle square, originally given to the Church 
by Elder Charles Ora Card who founded the settlement 
in 1887. Elder David O. McKay of the Council of the 
Twelve laid the cornerstone on September 19, 1915. 
President Heber J. Grant dedicated the building August 
26, 1923. 

The temple is built of a light gray granite from the 
quarries of Nelson, British Columbia. A veritable fortress 
of God in spiritual strength as well as physical appear- 
ance, the Alberta Temple has a commanding view of the 
Canadian prairie in all directions from Cardston. 



The Alberta Temple at 
Cardston 

— Photo by Dr. E. V. Spackman 




NOVEMBER 1955 



823 




The Arizona Temple 

-Photo by Doyle L. Green 



The Arizona Temple 



We beseech thee, O Lord, that thou wilt stay the hand of the 
destroyer among the descendants of Lehi who reside in this land 
. . . that all the great and glorious promises made concerning the 
descendants of Lehi may be fulfilled in them: . . . 

Often called the "Lamanite Temple" because of this 
paragraph from the dedicatory prayer offered by 
President Heber J. Grant, October 23, 1927, the 
Arizona Temple stands at Mesa to bless the people. But 
like any other temple, its doors are open to any member 
of the Church who has a recommend, regardless of an- 
cestry. 

At the four corners of the temple, in the frieze por- 
tion of the cornice, are sculptured panels depicting the 
gathering of Israel from all nations in this dispensation. 



The Idaho Falls Temple 

Our whole philosophy is bound up in the erection of tem- 
ples and the performance of the work therein — our pre-existence, 
our birth, our death, and our resurrection, and eternal progression 
thereafter. 

Thus President J. Reuben Clark, Jr. addressed the con- 
gregation before President David O. McKay laid the 
cornerstone for the Idaho Falls Temple, October 19, 
1940. At that time both were counselors to President 
Heber J. Grant. In March 1937 the First Presidency 
had announced that a temple was planned somewhere 
in Idaho. 

This inspiring, one-towered white temple on the banks 
of the majestic Snake River was dedicated September 23, 
1945 by President George Albert Smith. 



Idaho Falls Temple 

— Photo by Hal Rumel 




824 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 





1. William Noble Waite 2. John M. Russon 3. Levern M. Hansen 4. Hugh C. Smith 5. Francis M. Zimmerman 6. Howard W. Hunter 7. Austin Gudmundsen 8. Barry P. Knudson 




NOVEMBER 1955 



825 



ANCIENT TEMPLES AND THEIR FUNCTIONS 



(Continued from page 816) 
B.C. The temple was probably be- 
gun about the second year after 
their return from captivity (537 B.C. 
?), but the Jews met difficulties, 
including much opposition from the 
Samaritans, and discontinued build- 
ing. But in the second year of Darius 
the king (520 B.C.), the Lord gave 
word to the Jews to finish the sacred 
structure. The whole prophecy of 
Haggai is in relation to this project. 
The plan of Solomon's Temple was 
followed in general, but due to the 
poverty of the people, not on such a 
lavish scale. Many of the vessels 
used in the former temple were re- 
stored. (Ezra 1:7-11.) The Holy of 
Holies was empty, for the Ark of 
the Covenant disappeared when 
Nebuchadnezzar's forces invaded Pal- 
estine. 

This temple, called after Zerub- 
babel, and sometimes known as the 
Second Temple, was completed in the 
sixth year of Darius, 515 B.C. (Ezra 
3:8; 6:15.) 

Not too many years after the dedi- 
cation of the Second Temple, the 
Jews grew worldly and unworthy of 
administering sacred rites therein. 
The book of Malachi (1:2; 2:17; 
3:5-18) is the protest of a great 
prophet against the corruption and 
unworthiness of the people. We are 
in no position to say how long the 
Lord was willing to accept the ordi- 
nances performed in this temple fol- 
lowing its dedication, but it cannot 
have been many years. It would be 
interesting to know the details con- 
cerning the administration of the 
temple following the disappearance 
of prophets from Israel, a period of 
about four hundred years. 

It is of interest to know that cer- 
tain groups of Jews built a temple 
on the island of Yeb, later Elephan- 
tine, on the Nile River. These Jews, 
originally mercenaries, spoke and 
wrote Aramaic. Papyri were found 
on the island which show that they 
retained their own customs and en- 
joyed self-government. In apparent 
disobedience to the law and to the 
practice of other Jews of the disper- 
sion, they maintained a temple dedi- 
cated to Yahu. At this temple they 
offered food, incense, and burnt of- 
ferings. The papyri make reference 
also to the feasts of the Passover and 
Unleavened Bread. When Cambyses 
the Persian conquered Egypt in 
525 B.C., he destroyed the Egyp- 
826 



tian temples but spared the temple 
of Yahu. Much later, during the 
absence of the Persian governor in 
411 B.C., the enraged Egyptians, 
instigated by priests serving the ram- 
headed Chnum, destroyed the Jewish 
temple. We possess papyri which 
indicate that the Jews immediately 
petitioned Bagoas, the governor of 
Judea, the high priest Johanan, and 
other Judeans to come to their as- 
sistance. No answer was forthcom- 
ing. In 408 B.C. the colony again 
petitioned their Judean brethren, ac- 
companying their letter with gifts. 
This time permission was granted to 
rebuild the temple and to offer food 
and incense sacrifices. Until re- 
cently it was considered doubtful 
that the temple was actually rebuilt. 
Now the Brooklyn Aramaic Papyri, 
edited by Dr. Emil G. Kraeling, indi- 
cate that it was. 2 

Latter-day Saints will be sufficient- 
ly apprised of the spiritual condition 
of these temple builders on Yeb when 
they are informed that they not only 
worshiped Yahu but other divinities 
of Canaan, e.g., Ashim-bethel, Anath- 
bethel, and Cherem. At Elephantine 
Anath was Yahu's consort under the 
name of Anath-Yahu. The spiritual 
condition of the Judean Jews who 
wrote the letter to Yeb may also be 
deduced from these facts. 

Zerubbabel's Temple was finally 
superseded by that of Herod. We are 
indebted to the Jewish historian 
Josephus for rather full descriptions 
of the sanctuary, 3 and also to the 
Mishnah. The older temple was not 
taken down until much of the mate- 
rial for the new had been assembled. 

Work on the new temple began in 
the eighteenth year of Herod's reign, 
20-19 B.C. And the great com- 
plex of courts and buildings asso- 
ciated with Herod's Temple was not 
completed until the procuratorship 
of Albinus, A.D. 62-64. 1 The old 
temple area was enlarged to twice 
its former dimensions. The temple 
proper was constructed of great blocks 
of white stone; its interior had the 
length and breadth of Solomon's 
Temple, but its height was 40 cubits 
(60 feet), not counting an upper 
chamber, instead of 30 cubits (45 
feet). The Temple of Herod was 
divided into the Holy of Holies and 
the sanctuary or holy place as in the 

2 Bihlical Archaeologist, Vol. XV, No. 3, p. 66. 
KAntiq. XV. 11; War V. 5. 

"Josephus, Antiq. XV. 15, 5 and 6; XX. 9, 7; Cf. 
John 2:20. 



earlier temples, but the appointments 
were much more lavish. The Holy of 
Holies was empty and was separated 
from the holy place by means of a 
veil. The reader is referred to 
Josephus for a more detailed descrip- 
tion of the great temple structure. 

The Book of Mormon makes clear 
that the Nephites, another branch 
of Hebrew people, knew the uses of 
temples and built a number of them 
upon this continent. Apparently the 
first temple was that constructed by 
Nephi after he and his followers had 
separated themselves from their un- 
righteous brethren. It was built 
after the plan of Solomon's Temple, 
the details of which could be learned 
from the brass plates. Here are 
Nephi's words: 

And I, Nephi, did build a temple; and I 
did construct it after the manner of the 
temple of Solomon save it were not built 
of so many precious things; for they were 
not to be found upon the land, wherefore, 
it could not be built like unto Solomon's 
temple. But the manner of the construction 
was like unto the temple of Solomon; and 
the workmanship thereof was exceeding fine. 
(2 Nephi 5:16.) 

It is very unlikely that Nephi would 
build a temple without an express 
revelation from the Lord authorizing 
it. Furthermore, all the ordinances 
pertaining to the temple would have 
to be revealed. The Nephite kept 
the Law of Moses, but it does not 
follow that ordinance work for the 
living within the limits of the Aaronic 
Priesthood only would be permitted 
within the sacred structure. Nephi 
and his followers kept the law of the 
gospel, and it is probable that all of 
the ordinances for the living accord- 
ing to the Melchizedek Priesthood 
would be performed. Nephi seems 
to have had certain sealing powers 
of the priesthood, as did another 
Nephi mentioned in the Book of 
Helaman. (2 Nephi 33:15; Helaman 
10:7.) As long as prophets like these 
were around, a full endowment could 
be given the righteous; otherwise a 
limited endowment within the Aaron- 
ic Priesthood would probably be 
administered. 

It is probable that Nephi's brother 
Jacob taught within this identical 
temple, but King Benjamin's sermon 
must have been delivered in another 
temple located in the land of Zara- 
hemla. (Mosiah 1:1, 18.) 

The people of Zeniff may well have 

repaired the old temple of Nephi 

when they returned to the land of 

their father's inheritance or may have 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



built a new one. (Mosiah 7:17.) Some 
interesting questions arise as to the 
use of a temple by Zeniff's people. 
Did they have proper authority to 
administer the ordinances therein or 
did they use it simply as a meeting 

place? The question of proper au- 
thority arises especially during the 
wicked reign of King Noah. 

An interesting reference to an in- 
cident that took place in a Nephite 
temple — where or when we are not 
told — is related by Amulek: 

I am Amulek; I am the son of Giddonah, 
who was the son of Ishmael, who was a 
descendant of Aminadi; and it was the 
same Aminadi who interpreted the writing 
which was upon the wall of the temple, 
which was written by the finger of God. 

And Aminadi was a descendant of Nephi, 
who was the son of Lehi, . . . (Alma 
10-2-3.) 



When the risen, glorified Savior 
appeared to the Nephites for three 
successive days he did so ". . . round 
about the temple which was in the 
land Bountiful; . . ." (3 Nephi 11:1.) 
Before the resurrection of our Lord, 

ordinance work for the dead could 
not be carried out either in the tem- 
ples in Palestine or on this continent. 
But after his resurrection, he fully ex- 
plained such work to the Nephites. 
This is shown by the fact that he 
quoted in full chapters 3 and 4 of 
Malachi and ". . . expounded them 
unto the multitude." (3 Nephi 24; 
25; 26:1.) Thus the sealing powers 
of Elijah as applied to ordinance 
work for the dead became known to 
the Nephites. We may presume that 
such work was carried out in their 
temples during the period of their 



righteousness, for four generations. 
Mormon was not permitted to quote 
the Savior's explanations of Malachi's 
references to Elijah because the keys 
of such knowledge in our dispensation 
were to come to Joseph Smith who 
would explain their proper functions. 
Following the Savior's resurrection, 
ordinance work for the dead must 
have been carried on in sacred struc- 
tures erected in the Mediterranean 
world. Paul's reference to baptism 
for the dead in I Cor. 15:29 seems 
proof of that fact. At any rate the 
Corinthians seem to have had access 
to a temple acceptable for such work. 
It was probably very small, and we 
have no information concerning it. 
The same is true of any other similar 
structure erected by the early saints 
to the Lord during the first century 
A.D. 



(Continued from page 813) 

the property. He did not know of 
the local denial. As he drove past the 
Church construction, he was im- 
pressed by the college and by the 
Church belief of developing the Maori 
people to the highest standard. Genu- 
inely pleased, he turned to President 
Mendenhall and asked him to take 
this dictation: "Received personal as- 
surance this day from the Minister 
of Lands and Maori Affairs that the 
New Zealand Government will not 
oppose the acquisition of this prop- 
erty. 

The Spirit of the Lord had moved: 
The property was now owned by the 
Church; the temple would arise from 
the spot pronounced by a latter-day 
prophet as the place where the house 
of the Lord should be built. 

The hill from which the temple 
will rise is 170 feet high and makes, 
in President Mendenhall's opinion, 
"The most beautiful temple site in 
the Church." 

Members of the Church in New 
Zealand indeed deserve to be called 
Saints because of their ingenuous 
spirit, childlike faith, and consecra- 
tion to the things of the Lord. Their 
humility was once again evidenced 
the day the plans to build the temple 
were announced. The annual hui 
tau, the all mission conference, was 
in progress with four thousand mem- 
bers in attendance. A telephone call 
was placed from Salt Lake City so the 
announcement could be made on that 
occasion. Returning to the confer - 
NOVEMBER 1955 



A TEMPLE IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC 

ence with this humbling yet thrilling 
telephone message. Elder Biesinger 
related that the First Presidency de- 
sired a temple to be built and that it 
be completed two years from the date 
of ground breaking. It was to be 
built, as was the college, entirely 
through volunteer missionary labor. 

The joy in the hearts of these peo- 
ple was exceedingly great. All four 
thousand of them raised their hands 
and solemnly, with tears of joy in their 
eyes, sustained the proposal. Perhaps 
this will be the most remembered hui 
tau of New Zealand. Today the mem- 
bers of the mission are supporting 
two hundred labor missionaries. What 
little they have, they are giving in 
support of their sustaining vote at 
that eventful conference. 

As some of the pioneers in the Salt 
Lake Valley learned their crafts while 
working on the Assembly Hall before 
applying their skills to the building 
of the Salt Lake Temple, a similar 
story is being written in New Zealand. 
The unskilled native missionary vol- 
unteers have been assisting with the 
college construction there. When 
work on the college commenced in 
1949, in that area there were no 
transportation permits or available 
building materials — lumber, gravel, or 
concrete. Today, with nothing but 
a purpose for a beginning, a rock 
quarry has been acquired, and four 
thousand acres of timberland furnish 
the lumber which is cut and then 
sawed in a mill now owned by the 
Church. While serving the Lord, 



men and boys have learned their 
trades. Today they are ". . . working 
in sawmills, in the rock crushers, in 
the lime pits, in the cement plant, in 
the planing mill, in the timber, and 
some are laying brick. You have 
never seen such a pioneer organiza- 
tion in your life, . . ."* They have 
learned to use machinery and mate- 
rials with such adeptness that they 
are prepared for the construction of 
the temple. They have indeed sought 
first the kingdom of God and other 
things are being added unto them. 
When the construction is completed, 
they will be trained for specialized 
occupations. 

The temple was designed by 
Church architect, Elder Edward O. 
Anderson, and the blueprints were 
mailed from Salt Lake City, Septem- 
ber 1, 1955. After the plans are ap- 
proved by the New Zealand govern- 
ment and after the dedication and 
ground-breaking services are held, all 
will be in readiness for work on the 
temple to commence. It is expected 
that his edifice will be completed 
within two years. The construction 
will be a special type of concrete 
brick. The outward appearance will 
resemble the recently dedicated Swiss 
Temple, and their floor plan will be 
similar. 

The New Zealand Temple will 

serve a Church membership of over 

40,000. Thirteen thousand are from 

(Concluded on following page) 



*From address delivered at General Priesthood meet- 
ing held in the Tabernacle, Saturday evening, April 
2, 1955. 

827 



A TEMPLE IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC 



(Concluded from preceding page) 
New Zealand, and the rest from 
the Tongan, Tahitian, Samoan, and 
Australian missions. The Saints there 
have pledged their readiness and 
willingness to give their money or 
labor or both to this house of the Lord 
in the South Pacific. 

Last May, President Mendenhall 
was set apart by the First Presi- 
dency to perform a "special service 
pertaining particularly to the erec- 
tion and completion of the college in 
New Zealand and of the temple that 
is to be erected." This service is also 
to include the development of the 
farm lands, from which the college 



will eventually receive some financial 
support. Since that time, President 
Mendenhall has been appointed 
chairman of the Church building 
committee, but the special New Zea- 
land assignment stands. 

While in New Zealand in January 
1955, President McKay assigned Elder 
George Biesinger, who was supervisor 
of all Church construction in New 
Zealand, the additional task of super- 
vising construction of the temple. 

With the construction of the col- 
lege, the development of the farm 
lands, and the acquisition of the tem- 
ple site, there are three to four hun- 
dred people visiting the grounds each 



Sunday. This is proving to be the 
"Temple Hill" mission of New Zea- 
land, for there are forty native mis- 
sionary guides there to explain the 
Church program, the great gospel 
plan, and to leave their testimonies 
written upon the hearts of the visitors. 
In this sense, the people of New 
Zealand are flocking unto the hill of 
the Lord. 

In very deed, this temple in the 
South Pacific will stand as a beacon 
light upon a hill, and with the spirit 
of the Saints there, others will be led 
to the blessings and power to be 
received therein. 



(Concluded from page 801) 
noontime and asked his assistance in 
selling subscriptions to The Improve- 
ment Era to the members in the 
Eighteenth Ward. When Brother 
Giles queried "how to sell," Brother 
Whitney advised him to first learn 
the contents of the magazine by read- 
ing it. This he did, and literally the 
rest of John Giles' lifetime — a period 
approaching a half century — was 
wrapped up in the Era. He worked 
with it in the Eighteenth Ward and 
in the Ensign Stake. As a member 
of the general board of the YMMIA, 
he was a member of the committee 
which, in 1929, saw the combining 
of The Improvement Era with its 
sister organ of the YWMIA, The 
Young Woman's Journal, to make a 
greater Era. 

His appointment as business man- 
ager of The Improvement Era was 
announced September 1, 1944, and he 
held this position at the time of his 
death. Working in close association 
with three presidents of the Church, 
Presidents Heber J. Grant, George 
Albert Smith, and David O. McKay, 
as well as with Elders John A. Widt- 
soe and Richard L. Evans of the 
Council of the Twelve, and other edi- 
tors of the magazine, he has helped 
guide the destiny of the Era. 

The life of John D. Giles was a ful- 
filment of the Book of Mormon prom- 
ise: ". . . therefore, after that ye are 
seventy and two years old ye shall 
come unto me in my kingdom; and 
with me ye shall find rest." (3 Nephi 
28:3.) 

Elder Giles was born August 1, 
828 



JOHN D. GILES 

1883, in Salt Lake City, to Henry E. 
and Catherine Hughes Evans Giles. 
He married Una Viola Pratt, a daugh- 
ter of Parley P. Pratt, Jr., on June 20, 
1906, in the Salt Lake Temple. That 
union was blessed with two daughters 
and a son: Mrs. Lucile Gardner, Mrs. 
Dorothy Topham, and Parley P. 
Giles. They have thirteen grandchil- 
dren. Elder Giles passed away on 
September 23, 1955, following an ex- 
tended illness. Funeral services were 



held in the Assembly Hall on Temple 
Square, September 27. The services 
were conducted by Bishop Earl L. 
Maw of the South Eighteenth Ward 
where Brothers Giles was serving as a 
ward teacher and as a member of the 
genealogical committee. Speakers at 
the funeral included Elder Elbert R. 
Curtis, general superintendent of the 
YMMIA, Elder George Q. Morris of 
the Council of the Twelve, and Presi- 
dent J. Reuben Clark, Jr. 



A TEACHER'S QUEST 
By Mir la Greenwood Thayne 



That still small voice kept saying, 
"Not enough 
Time is the fiber from which life is spun; 
Grasp every moment, live it purposely 

If you would know content when day is 

done." 
And so I set about to find the quest 

That would assure my greatest happi- 
ness. 

The world seeks beauty, so with eager 
pen 

I framed a lyric, an exultant song, 

And as I sent it on its tuneful way 

My heart knew happiness; but not for 
long, 

With night's approach complacency had 
fled. 

"Not yet enough," the voice within me 
said. 

"I'll paint a picture; this my gift shall be, 



Earth's various moods interpreted by me." 

With pigments rare I painted field and 
bough; 

Surely my heart would know content- 
ment now. 

And joy was sweet, but when the day 
was through 

That small voice whispered, "Not 
enough from you." 

One day I took a small child by the 
hand. 

It seemed that God himself looked down 
and smiled 

As prayerfully I sought to understand 

Its needs, and lay my gifts before the 
child. 

At last, in answer to my soul's demand- 
ing, 

I've found the peace that passeth under- 
standing. 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




HIGH ADVENTURE 



(Continued from page 819) 

he said, not unkindly. "Ye'll do well 
to sign articles and ship as a boy be- 
fore the mast. I'll pay ye seaman's 
wages, an' ye can give that to yer 
mother when ye get back. Then 
she'll be proud of her seafarin' son. 
I was a boy like you once, an' I ran 
away to sea. I'm not sorry, either. 
The sea is hard, but it's a good one. 
But yer on my ship, an' ye'll stay on 
it for a long time, so ye better do 
what yer told." 

In the end Jed signed the ship's 
papers. There wasn't much he could 
do else. If he wanted to eat, he had 
to be a member of the ship's crew, 
Captain Strong had said. 

"Now," said the captain as Jed 
completed the laborious matter of 
putting his name to the paper, "Ye'll 
jump when spoken to, and ye'll salute 
when officers speak to ye. Step lively 
now an' report to the second mate." 
With misgivings Jed left the cabin 
and went in search of the second 
mate. 

He found life quite different from 
that he had lived ashore. There he 
had been apprenticed at the age of 
nine. There within sight of the ships 
which came and went every day, he 



had learned the ways of fishmongers 
with boys and the way of sailors on 
shore leave. At the age of fifteen he 
could cut and slice and fillet with the 
best of them. Every day the barrels 
of fresh fish would be hauled through 
the door on small trucks into the 
mongers' shops, and each night would 
see the packed fillets of cod and 
haddock in boxes ready to be sent 
to the big hotel in town. 

Touring his long voyage across the 
■""^ Atlantic he had learned the hard- 
ness of their life aboard ship. He 
often thought of the captain's state- 
ment that he would work or starve. 
Jed thought most of the time that it 
was work and starve. The food was 
musty, the water bad, the officers 
brutal. Jed determined to leave the 
ship at the first opportunity. 

The hurricane was that chance. 
The banging of the loose crates in the 
hurricane recalled him to the present. 
Washed into the port scuppers from 
the hatch to which he'd been cling- 
ing, he managed to get to the main 
hatch doorway before the next wave 
buried the ship with its foaming 
weight. He hung on between decks 
until the storm abated, then hid in 
the forehold until the rising water 



forced him out in time to see the 
captain's boat disappear over the 
horizon to the south. 

Jed was not a particularly brave 
boy, but his life on the docks had 
made him resourceful. His desire to 
survive was strong. He spied a hatch 
floating at some distance from the 
ship. He thought if I can make that 
hatch I'll have a good raft to get 
ashore. It was plainly visible in the 
late afternoon light. Watching his 
chance, he waited until a high swell 
reached the ship's bulwark. It car- 
ried him into the ocean. A hard 
swim of fifteen minutes brought him 
to the hatch, and he pulled himself 
aboard. A broken piece of plank- 
ing floated near. Jed retrieved it 
and once more aboard the hatch be- 
gan to paddle toward the distant 
breakers. The surf was heavy and 
strong, and now the tide was coming 
in. In a surprising short time Jed 
was in the thick of it. Then the 
raft capsized, throwing him into the 
angry surf. Desperately he paddled 
to keep afloat to get breath — to live. 
He caught a glimpse of the sandy 
shore as a wave lifted him high. Then 
suddenly a blinding flash and merci- 
ful darkness came upon him. 

{To be continued) 



THE APOCALYPTIC BACKGROUND 



(Continued from page 817) 

brief diversion into one of those little 
parables for which we have always 
had a weakness. 

Imagine, then, a successful busi- 
nessman who, responding to some 
slight but persistent physical discom- 
fort and the urging of an importunate 
wife, pays a visit to a friend of his — 
a doctor. Since the man has always 
considered himself a fairly healthy 
specimen, it is with an unquiet mind 
that he descends the steps of the 
clinic with the assurance, gained after 
long hours of searching examination, 
that he has about three weeks to live. 
In the days that follow, this man's 
thinking undergoes a change, not a 
slow and subtle change — there is no 
time for that — but a quick and brutal 
reorientation. By the time he has 
reached home on that fateful after- 
noon, the first shock of the news has 
NOVEMBER 1955 



worn off, and he is already beginning 
to see things with strange eyes. As 
he locks the garage door, his long 
ambition to own a Cadillac suddenly 
seems unspeakable puerile to him, 
utterly unworthy of a rational, let 
alone an immortal being. This leads 
him to the shocking realization, in 
the hours that follow, that one can 
be rich and successful in this world 
with a perfectly barren mind. With 
shame and alarm he discovers that 
he has been making a religion of his 
career. In a flash of insight he recog- 
nizes that seeming and being are two 
wholly different things, and on his 
knees discovers that only his Heavenly 
Father knows him as he is. Abruptly 
he ceases to care particularly whether 
anybody thinks he is a good, able, 
smart, likable fellow or not; after all, 
he is not trying to sell anyone any- 
thing any more. 



Things that once filled him with 
awe seem strangely trivial, and things 
which a few days before did not even 
exist for him now fill his conscious- 
ness. For the first time he discovers 
the almost celestial beauty of the 
world of nature, not viewed through 
the glass of cameras and car windows, 
but as the very element in which he 
lives; shapes and colors spring before 
his senses with a vividness and drama 
of which he never dreamed. 

The perfection of children comes to 
him like a sudden revelation, and he 
is appalled by the monstrous perver- 
sion that would debauch their minds, 
overstimulate their appetites, and de- 
stroy their sensibilities in unscrupu- 
lous plans of sales promotion. Every- 
where he looks he gets the feeling 
that all is passing away — not just 
relatively because he is saying good- 

(Continued on following page) 

829 



THE APOCALYPTIC BACKGROUND 



(Continued from preceding page) 

by to a world he has never seen be- 
fore, but really and truly: he sees all 
life and stuff about him involved in a 
huge ceaseless combustion, a literal 
and apparent process of oxidation 
which is turning some things slowly, 
some rapidly, but all things surely to 
ashes. He wishes he had studied more 
and pays a farewell visit to some 
friends at the university where he is 
quick to discover, with his new powers 
of discernment, that their professional 
posturing and intellectual busy-work 
is no road to discovery but only an 
alley of escape from responsibility and 
criticism. 

As days pass, days during which 
that slight but ceaseless physical dis- 
comfort allows our moribund hero 
no momentary lapse into his old ways, 
he is visited ever more frequently by 
memories, memories of astonishing 
clarity and vividness — mostly from 
his childhood, and he finds himself 
at the same time slipping ever more 
easily into speculations, equally vivid, 
on the world to come and the future 
of this world. The limits of time be- 
gin to melt and fuse until everything 
seems present but the present. In a 
word, his thinking has become es- 
chatological. 

"What has happened to our solid 
citizen?" his friends ask perplexed. 
He has chosen to keep his disease a 
secret; it woud be even more morbid, 
he decides, to parade his condition. 
But he cannot conceal his change of 
heart. As far as his old associates 
can see, the poor man has left the 
world of reality. Parties and golf no 
longer amuse him; TV and movies 
disgust him. He takes to reading 
books, of all things — even the Bible! 
When they engage him in conversa- 
tion, he makes very disturbing re- 
marks, sometimes sounding quite 
cynical, as if he didn't really care; 
for example, whether peppermint was 
selling better than wintergreen or 
whether the big sales campaign went 
over the top by October. He even 
becomes careless of his appearance, 
as if he didn't know that the key to 
success is to make a good impression 
on people. As time passes, these 
alarming symptoms become ever more 
pronounced; his sales record drops off 
sharply; those who know what is 
good for their future begin to avoid 
being seen with him — like Lehi of 

830 



old, he is hurting business, and dark 
hints of subversion are not far in 
the offing. What is wrong with the 
man? 

As we said, his thinking has become 
eschatological. He lives in a timeless, 
spaceless world in which Jack Benny 
and the World Series simply do not 
exist. His values are all those of 
eternity, looking to the "latter end" 
not only of his own existence but of 
everything and everybody around 
him. As he hears the news or walks 
the streets, he sees, in the words of 
Joseph Smith, "destruction writ large 
on everything we behold." He is no 
longer interested in "the things of 
the world." The ready-smiling, eas- 
ily adjustable, anxious-to-get-ahead, 
eager-to-be-accepted, hard-working 
conformist, who for so many years 
was such a tangible asset to Nulb, 
Incorporated, has ceased to exist. 

Now the question arises, has this 
man been jerked out of reality or 
into it? Has he cut himself off from 
the real world or has cruel necessity 
forced him to look in the face what 
he was runing away from before? 
Is he in a dream now or has he just 
awakened from one? Has he be- 
come an irresponsible child or has 
he suddenly grown up? Is he the 
victim of vain imaginings or has he 
taken the measure of "Vanity Fair"? 
Some will answer one way, some 
another. But if you want to arouse 
him to wrathful sermons, just try 
telling the man that it makes no 
difference which of these worlds one 
lives in — that they are equally real 
to the people who live in them. "I 
have seen both," he will cry. "Don't 
try to tell me that the silly escapist 
world of busy-work, mercenary back- 
slaps, phoney slogans, and maniacal 
'careers' has anything real about it — 
I know it's a fake, and so do you!" 

It will be noted that this eschato- 
logical state of mind does not bear 
the mark of just one school of thought: 
once it gets in the blood, all the as- 
pects and concepts of eschatalogical 
thinking enter with it. Our business- 
man, for example, begins to wonder 
about certain possibilities: What 
about the hereafter? Will he ever 
really see the face of the Lord? Is 
there going to be a judgment? He al- 
most panics at the thought which 
has never bothered him before be- 
cause he has been successful. He 
becomes preoccupied with history and 



prophecy, aware for the first time that 
his whole life is linked not only with 
D Division of Nulb, Incorporated, 
but, for better or for worse, with all 
that happens in the universe; he be- 
longs to history and it to him — "the 
solemn temples, the great globe it- 
self" are as much his concern as any 
man's. These ideas that come to him 
are all essential parts of the same 
picture in which one can descry in- 
extricably joined and intermingled 
apocalyptic, prophecy, millennialism, 
Messianism, history, and theology — 
all belong to the same eschatology. 

But where is myth, the thing that 
the scholars tell us is "the very es- 
sence of eschatology"? 10 That is 
there, too, but you will find it only in 
the minds of his friends and asso- 
ciates: they, wide-awake and practi- 
cal people, know perfectly well that 
the man is suffering from delusions; 
they know that the things which have 
become so real to him are all just 
imagination. To anyone who does 
not experience it, the eschatological 
view of things is pure myth — an in- 
vention of an overwrought mind 
desperately determined to support its 
own premises. Only what they fail 
to consider is that those who have 
had both views of the world interpret 
things just the other way around: it 
is after all eschatology that looks hard 
reality in the face; lazy and timid peo- 
ple take refuge in the busy-work of 
everyday; only strong and disciplined 
minds are willing to see things as 
they are, and even they must be 
forced to it! No wonder the scholars 
have agreed that whatever else es- 
chatology is, it is not real! 

To conclude our parable, what 
happens to our man of affairs? A 
second series of tests at the hospital 
shows that his case was not quite 
what they thought it was — he may 
live for many years. Yet he takes 
the news strangely, for instead of 
celebrating at a night club or a prize 
fight as any normal healthy person 
should, this creature will continue 
his difficult ways. "This," he says, 
"is no pardon. It is but a stay of 
execution. Soon enough it is going 
to happen. The situation is not 
really changed at all." So he be- 
comes religious, a hopeless case, an 
eschatological zealot, a Puritan, a 
monk, a John Bunyan, a primitive 
Christian, an Essene, a Latter-day 
Saint. In every age such people with 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



their annoying eschatological beliefs 
have disturbed the placid ( "perfectly - 
adjusted") waters of the slough of 
custom and paid dearly for their 
folly. 

And that leads us to the eschato- 
logical dilemma which confronts the 
Christian world today. 

(To be continued) 

BIBLIOGRAPHY 

a Paul Althaus, "Heilsgeschichte und Escha- 
tologie," Zeitschr. f. systemat. Theologie II 
(1924), 605. 

2 H. Gressmann, Der Ursprung der israel- 
itisch - jiidischen Eschatologie (Gottingen, 
Heft 6 of Forsch, zur Rel. u. Lit. des A. u. 
N. Testaments, 1905), p. 1. 

s Loc. cit., and R. Arconada, "La Escato- 
logia Mesianica," etc. in Biblica XVII 
(1936), 204ff. 

4 Arconada, op. cit., pp. 210-214. 

r 'J. Lindblom, "Gibt es eine Eschatologie 
hei den altest. Propheten?" in Studia Theo- 
logica VI, Fasc. ii (1952), 113. 

fl S. B. Frost, "Eschatology and Myth," 
Vetus Testamentum II (1952), 70. 

7 H. Gressmann, Eschatologie (Gottingen, 
1905), p. 152. 

8 S. B. Frost, op. cit., p. 80. 

9 R. P. Lagrange, Messianisme chez les Juifs 
(Paris, 1909), pp. 58-59. 

10 Gressmann, op. cit., p. 152, "Das Myth- 
ische . . . ist das Wesentliche an der Esch- 
atologie." 



>/^3^^^X3\£^o^9^>^3\3^J^i^^X3\>^^s2^>^^^ 




Illilllllfll 



:»:::;■ 




Jhe ^Arc 



aovia Oi 



ndeci6ion 

Richard L. Evans 



i s we look back upon the plight of Hamlet with all his 
-^*- problems, one of the things for which he was most to be 
pitied was his inability to make up his mind. But Hamlet 
wasn't the only one who has hung between "to be or not 
to be." Even in the lesser things of life, most of us wrestle 
with ourselves in the agony of indecision. We wonder 
whether to go or whether to stay; whether to buy this or to 
buy that; whether to accept this proposal or another one; 
whether to take this job or some other; whether to go back 
to school and finish what we started, or to postpone our 
preparation, or to give it all up. Sometimes decisions are 
made by default; that is to say, sometimes we simply sit 
and wait and worry until time takes the choice out of our 
hands. That's one way of deciding — simply deciding not to 
decide. But if we do this too often, we live our lives in the 
agony of indecision. All of us have to make choices every 
day, every hour, sometimes it seems almost every instant — 
some serious and some superficial. And if all of the right 
factors are on one side and all of the wrong factors are on 
the other, deciding should be a very simple matter. In 
matters of principle or morals or ethics or honesty there is 
really one choice — or should be. But in other matters, 
sometimes it isn't so simple. Often there are things to be 
said on both sides of a decision. Often we have to weigh 
one side against the other and give up something either 
way — and these are difficult decisions. But we need to de- 
cide — because hanging between two alternatives does much 
to waste time and nullify effectiveness. When we seem to 
hang in uncertainty, there are some things that may help 
to settle us: One is a set of sound principles. We all ur- 
gently need a sound set of principles by which to measure 
everything. We need to know the rules, the laws, the com- 
mandments. Another thing we often also need is someone 
we can trust to talk to. And beyond our own wisdom and 
the wisdom of others we need faith — and a prayerful ap- 
proach to all our problems. Some things we have to decide — 
and after we have done our very best to decide and to do 
what is best and right to do, we have some reason to expect 
the peace that comes with settled assurance. God grant that 
we may have the wisdom and the faith to save ourselves 
from wasting life away in the agony of indecision.* 



Spoken lA/ord 



Uhe spoken Word, from TEMPLE SQUARE 

PRESENTED OVER KSL AND THE COLUMBIA BROADCASTING 
SYSTEM, SEPTEMBER A, 1955 

Copyright, 1955 



"Revised. 

A TEMPLE IN LOS ANGELES 



-Photo by Hal Rumel 



By Helen 

Qing aloud, ye souls immortal, 

From your dwelling mid the stars, 

Waiting for a temple ordinance, 
To be freed from prison bars! 

Heaven's veil seems near to bursting, 
You have prayed and waited, too, 

And your God in mercy harkens, 
All the praise to him is due. 

On the shores of the Pacific 

Where the palm trees meet the sea, 



NOVEMBER 1955 



Kimball Orgill 

Lo behold another temple, 
Looms aloft majestically! 

Here the remnant seed of Laman 

Will join Ephraim's mighty throng, 

To be Saviors on Mt. Zion, 

In God's kingdom they belong. 

Then O sing, ye souls immortal, 
For the work will roll along, 

Let hosannas rend the heavens, 
Praising God in joyful song! 



831 







Melchizedek Priesthood and Temple Work 



Priesthood and the Gospel Plan of 
Salvation 

When the children of our divine 
and Eternal Parents are born 
into mortality, a veil is drawn 
over their minds, causing a complete 
forgetfulness of their pre-mortal life 
with its numerous experiences and 
also a forgetfulness of the gospel plan 
which they had been familiar with 
there. As a result of having passed 
into mortality, therefore, they had a 
condition come over them known as 
a spiritual death, being banished 
from the presence of God. Further- 
more all mortals are subject to a 
temporal or physical death. If left 
unaided by a power superior to their 
own, upon passing through temporal 
death, mortals would remain forever 
spiritually dead, i. e., banished from 
the presence of God. They could at- 
tain neither immortality nor eternal 
life. 

However, the Eternal Father in his 
unbounded love for his children pro- 
vided a means whereby mortals may 
receive a spiritual rebirth here in 
mortality, overcome the bonds of 
death and thereby receive immortal- 
ity, and eventually enter into the 
presence of God and receive eternal 
life. The Father and the Son hath 
declared: "For behold, this is my 
work and my glory — to bring to pass 
the immortality and eternal life of 
man." 1 

The plan provided by the Eternal 
Father for achieving the foregoing 
purposes is known as the gospel plan 
of salvation. The central figure in 
the entire plan is a Savior, even Jesus 
Christ the Only Begotten of the 
Father in the flesh, the Mediator be- 
tween the heavens and the earth, the 
Anointed One who died that we 
might live. All power in heaven and 
earth was given unto him by Elohim, 
even the power of the Eternal Father; 
in other words, Jesus Christ was 
given a fulness of the priesthood of 
the Father and made the first "Great 
High Priest" 2 It was named after 

iMoses 1:39. 

2 J.oseph Fielding Smith, Teachings of the Prophet 
Joseph Smith (Salt Lake City, 1942), p. 158. 

832 



him, namely "the Holy Priesthood 
after the Order of the Son of God."" 
Through the power of this priesthood, 
the Savior broke the bands of death 
and thereby put into operation a uni- 
versal resurrection in order that all 
mortals will rise from the grave and 
receive immortal, resurrected bodies; 
and so through the grace of him who 
died for our sins, we shall rise from 
the grave and live eternally. 

Also, the gospel plan of salvation 
was named after this Savior, being 
called the gospel of Jesus Christ. An 
eternal decree went forth from the 
throne of God to the inhabitants of 
the earth to the effect that the name 
of Jesus Christ was ". . . the only 
name which shall be given under 
heaven, whereby salvation shall come 
into the children of men." 4 It is 
through the acceptance of this gospel 
and complete compliance with all the 
conditions set forth therein and 
through the power of the priesthood 
that the faithful sons and daughters 
of God will eventually enter the 
presence of the Father and the Son 
and attain eternal life. 

Laws and Ordinances of the 
Gospel 

The gospel plan of salvation con- 
tains two distinctively separate phases 
— namely, principles or laws and 
ordinances — each of which must be 
complied with by every mentally 
normal mortal who reaches the age 
of accountability if he attains eternal 
life. This life is one of probation 
wherein each individual is being 
proven to see if he ". . . will do all 
things whatsoever the Lord, [his] 
God, shall command" 3 with the prom- 
ise that those who prove faithful 
to the end ". . . shall have glory added 
upon their heads for ever and ever." 6 
One of the statements in the Articles 
of Faith is: 

We believe that through the Atonement 
of Christ, all mankind may be saved, by 

3 D & C 107:3. 

4 Moses 6:52. 
5 Abraham 3:25. 
e Ibid., 3:26. 



obedience to the laws and ordinances of 
the Gospel. 7 

Dr. James E. Talmage pointed out 
the necessity of obedience in the fol- 
lowing words: 

. . . The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- 
day Saints holds a fundamental doctrine, 
attested and proved by the scripture, both 
ancient and modern, that compliance with 
the laws and the ordinances of the gospel 
is an absolute and irrevocable requirement 
for the admission into the Kingdom of God, 
or in other words, for the securing of in- 
dividual salvation to the souls of men and 
that this requirement is universal, applying 
alike to every soul that has attained to the 
age and power of accountability in the 
flesh, in whatever period or dispensation 
that soul has lived in mortality. It follows 
as necessary consequence that if any soul 
has failed, either through ignorance or 
neglect, to render obedience to these re- 
quirements, the obligation is not removed 
by death. 8 

The Prophet Joseph Smith listed the 
most vital ordinances and laws of the 
gospel as follows: 

We believe the first principles and ordi- 
nances of the Gospel are: first, Faith in the 
Lord Jesus Christ; second, Repentance; 
third, Baptism by immersion for the re- 
mission of sins; fourth, Laying on of hands 
for the gift of the Holy Ghost. 9 

Purposes of the Temples 



1. Temple Ordinances for the Liv- 



ing 



Temples are erected and dedicated 
unto the Lord according to his di- 
vine plan for the specific purpose of 
providing holy edifices wherein faith- 
ful members of the Church of Jesus 
Christ may have certain gospel 
ordinances performed which are req- 
uisite to their exaltation. Among 
these ordinances is the very vital one 
of celestial marriage. 

2. Temple Ordinances for the Dead 
From the days of Adam millions of 
people have lived and died without 
having heard the gospel of Jesus 
Christ. Since it is absolutely neces- 
sary that each person has the oppor- 
tunity to receive the gospel and render 
obedience unto its laws and ordi- 
nances, it was necessary for the Lord 

Joseph Smith, "Articles of Faith," Pearl of Great 
Price (Salt Lake City, 1920), p. 59. 

8 James E. Talmage, The House of the Lord (Salt 
Lake City, 1912), p. 76. 

'Smith, op. cit., p. 59. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Priesthood 



in his justice and mercy to provide a 
way whereby those who had lived 
to the best of their knowledge but 
had had no opportunity to accept the 
gospel while in morality could even- 
tually receive a fulness of the blessings 
of the gospel. To provide for them, 
the Lord instituted vicarious work 
for the dead to be performed in the 
temples; and so one of the principal 
purposes for the erection of these holy 
edifices is to provide appropriate 
places in which the gospel ordinances 
may be performed for the dead. The 
work done therein will prove effica- 
cious for those who prove worthy of 
God's blessings. Through the power 
of the priesthood the blessings are 
sealed upon them, providing them 
the opportunity to receive similar 
blessings to those that they would 
have received had they belonged to 
the Church while in mortality. 

Priesthood and Temple 
Ordinances 

The most vital thing connected with 
temple ordinances and temple work 
in general is the Holy Priesthod after 
the Order of the Son of God. It is 
through that priesthood that all tem- 
ple ordinances are made effective and 
the spiritual blessings of the gospel 
of Jesus Christ sealed upon faithful 
members of the Church, whether the 
work be done for the living or for the 
dead. As a result of the restoration 
of the priesthood with all of its keys 
to the Prophet Joseph Smith, the 
power of God came once again from 
heaven to the earth whereby all the 
ordinances of the gospel are made ef- 
fective in the lives of the Saints and 
valid before the throne of God for- 
ever and ever. 

The President of the Church of 
Jesus Christ is the only person on the 
earth at one time who holds all the 
keys of the Melchizedek Priesthood; 
and it is he who authorizes those who 
perform temple marriages and other 
temple ordinances to do that work. 

New and Everlasting Covenant 

The Lord proclaimed in the resto- 
ration of the gospel in the latter days 
that the new and everlasting cove- 
NOVEMBER 1955 



nant was the gospel of. Jesus Christ 
in its fulness. The Lord declared: 

And verily I say unto you, that the con- 
ditions of this law are these: AH covenants, 
contracts, bonds, obligations, oaths, vows, 
performances, connections, associations or 
expectations that are not made and en- 
tered into and sealed by the Holy Spirit of 
promise, of him who is anointed, both as 
well for time and all eternity, and that too 
most holy, by revelation and commandment 
through the medium of mine anointed, 
whom I have appointed on the earth to 
hold this power (and I have appointed 
unto my servant Joseph to hold this power 
in the last days, and there is never but one 
on the earth at a time on whom this power 
and the keys of the priesthood are con- 
ferred), are of no efficacy, virtue, or force 
in and after the resurrection from the dead; 
for all contracts that are not made unto 
this end have an end when men are dead. 10 

According to the foregoing revela- 
tion, all ordinances, contracts, and 
obligations that are sealed by the one 
who has the sealing power remain 
sealed throughout the eternities and 
everything pertaining to the gospel 
must be sealed. 

Elijah and Sealing Power 

The Old Testament record closed 
with Malachi's prediction of the com- 
ing of Elijah before the great and 
dreadful day of the Lord to turn the 
heart of the fathers to their children 
and the children to their fathers. 11 
It is evident from the conversation 
had by Jesus with Peter, James, and 
John, as they descended from the 
Mount of Transfiguration, that these 
ancient apostles had been anxiously 
awaiting the coming of Elijah with 
all the importance which it en- 
tailed. 12 Even to the present time the 
Jews are looking forward to the ful- 
filment of Malachi's prophecy. 

On April 3, 1836, one week after 
the dedication of the Kirtland Tem- 
ple, the ancient Prophet Elijah ap- 
peared to Joseph Smith and Oliver 
Cowdery, thereby fulfilling the pre- 
diction made by Malachi. 13 He be- 
stowed upon the Prophet Joseph and 
upon Oliver the same keys and bless- 
ings which he had bestowed upon the 
heads of Peter, James, and John, on 
the Mount of Transfiguration. What 



">D & C 132:7. 

iiMalachi 4:5-6. 

^Matthew 19:1-13; Mark 9:2-13; Luke 9:28-35. 

13 D & C 110:13-16. 



were these powers held by Elijah? 
In the words of Elder Joseph Fielding 
Smith: 

. . . The keys that Elijah held were the 
keys of the everlasting priesthood, the 
keys of the sealing power, which the Lord 
gave unto him . . . and that included a 
ministry of sealing for the living as well 
as the dead — and it is not confined to the 
living and it is not confined to the dead, 
but includes them both. 14 

. . . Elijah was the last of the old proph- 
ets who held the fulness of the priesthood, 
the sealing power of the priesthood; and 
being the last of the prophets, it was his 
place to come, . . . but in order that the 
binding power should come which is recog- 
nized in the heavens, and by which we 
pass by the angels and the Gods to exalta- 
tion, had to come from Elijah, who held 
that power upon the face of the earth, for 
the Lord had given it to him, and so he 
came to Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery 
on the 3rd day of April, and bestowed upon 
them the keys of his priesthood. 15 

The Prophet Joseph Smith de- 
scribed the power and calling of 
Elijah as follows: 

Now for Elijah. The spirit, power, and 
calling of Elijah is, that he have power 
to hold the keys of the revelation, ordi- 
nances, oracles, powers and endowments of 
the fulness of the Melchizedek Priesthood 
and to receive, obtain, perform, all the 
ordinances pertaining to the kingdom of 
God, . . . 1G 

Fulness of the Blessings of the 
Priesthood 

i 

It is only in the temples of the 
most high that the fulness of the 
blessings of the priesthood can be re- 
ceived by righteous members of the 
true Church of Jesus Christ. Peter, 
James, and John brought that holy 
priesthood to Joseph Smith and 
Oliver Cowdery, and a few years 
thereafter Elijah bestowed upon them 
the sealing powers of all of the 
ordinances of the gospel of Jesus 
Christ. Thus those who go to the 
temples worthily take out their en- 
dowments, enter into a new and 
everlasting covenant of marriage, and 
receive all of the ordinances and 
blessings provided for their exaltation 

(Concluded on page 839) 

"Joseph Fielding Smith, "Elijah the Prophet and 
His Mission," The Utah Genealogical and Historical 
Magazine (Salt Lake City, 1921), p. 10. 

^Ibid., p. 13. 

ie Joseph Smith, cited in ibid., p. 15. 

833 



Multiple Credits Not Permitted 
in Absentee Reports 

It has come to our attention that some 
of our absentee Aaronic Priesthood 
members, particularly those in the mili- 
tary service, are being told they may 
take credit for attending priesthood and 
sacrament meeting, Sunday School, and 
YMMIA when only one LDS meeting is 
attended at a given time. 

No multiple credits are permitted or 
authorized. When only one meeting is 
attended, only one credit is to be taken 
when reporting on the absentee report. 
Whether the meeting is a priesthood or 
sacrament meeting, a Sunday School, or 
a YMMIA will depend upon the nature 
of the meeting. The absentee will re- 
port his attendance and indicate which 
meeting he attended. 

Of course, if more than one meeting 
is attended, all such activities should be 
reported by the absentee but no multi- 
ple credits taken. 

The absentee's report should be imme- 
diately entered to his credit in his quo- 
rum roll even though the ward Aaronic 
Priesthood report may already have been 
made. 

Wherever possible, absentee reports 
should be made to reach the bishop in 
time to be included in the ward report 
to the stake secretary. 




r* Presiding 



Challenging Record 





Jack Scovil 

Jack is a priest in the Taylorsville 
Ward, Taylorsville (Utah) Stake. 
His Church record includes secretary of 
the deacons quorum, second counselor 
in the teachers quorum presidency, and 
he has earned six Individual Aaronic 
Priesthood Awards and the Aaronic 
Priesthood pin. 

Jack has the further distinction of 
having been awarded a four-year schol- 
arship to Stanford University. 



OAKLAND (CALIFORNIA) STAKE WINNERS OF AARONIC 
PRIESTHOOD PIN AWARD 




Oakland Stake proudly presents the Aaronic Priesthood members who were presented 
the Aaronic Priesthood pin for having earned four or more individual Priesthood awards. 
Four award winners were not present when the photograph was taken. 

Members of the stake committee standing in the back row are, left to right: Earl 
M. Phillips; C. Ben Lamkin; Eugene S. Hilton; Robert Anderson. 

834 



Adequate Help Urged 
When Passing Sacrament 
in Junior Sunday School 

It has been observed that in some 
Junior Sunday Schools too few dea- 
cons are appointed to pass the sacra- 
ment. Where this is the case, too much 
time is consumed in administering the 
sacrament, and children have a tend- 
ency to become restless. 

It is recommended, therefore, that a 
sufficient number of deacons be ap- 
pointed to perform this service in the 
Junior Sunday School so that each one 
will pass the sacrament to an average 
of ten children. 

It is preferred that priests officiating 
at the sacrament table do not leave their 
positions to assist in passing the sacra- 
ment except in very small wards and 
branches where there are not sufficient 
Aaronic Priesthood bearers to comply 
with the above recommendation. 

Stake committees are asked to make 
observations and give needed assistance 
in this matter. 



Who Receives Sacrament First 
in Junior Sunday School 

IT makes no difference whether the 
sacrament is administered in Junior 
Sunday School, in the regular Sunday 
School, or in sacrament meeting, only 
the specified highest priesthood author- 
ity present should receive the sacrament 
first. 

The person to receive the sacrament 
first will always be the highest author- 
ity, or ranking member, who is sitting 
on the stand, and who is from among 
the following priesthood authorities: 
(1) General Authorities of the Church 
i.e., The First Presidency, Council of 
the Twelve, Patriarch to the Church, 
Assistants to the Council of the Twelve, 
First Seven Presidents of the Seventy, 
Presiding Bishopric; (2) stake presi- 
dent and counselors; (3) members of 
the stake high council on special assign- 
ment representing the stake presidency; 
(4) ward bishop and counselors. 

No other persons, whether men or 
women, regardless of position, are to be 
recognized first in the passing of the 
sacrament. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



Bishoprics Page 




Meet the Champions 




South Salt Lake (Utah) Stake Aaronic Priesthood Committee 
Conducts overnight social for fathers and sons 

Led by Rolf Christiansen, left, counselor to President S. Ross Fox of the South 
Sa*lt Lake (Utah) Stake, these were the champions in the high jump and 
broad jump contests when the Aaronic Priesthood bearers and their fathers enjoyed 
themselves in a recent overnight priesthood social. Four hundred and seventy-five 
fathers and sons were in attendance. The social was sponsored and supervised by 
the stake Aaronic Priesthood committee under the direction of the stake presidency. 

A commendable feature in the arrangements was the providing of ample first 
aid equipment to be used by experienced personnel in the event of injury. 

Activities included "baseball, hiking, fishing, track sports, and a spicy campfire 
program." 



"Make-np Meetings" 

Not Allowed 

So many letters are being received ask- 
ing whether or not "make-up meet- 
ings" are allowed those who are 
unavoidably absent from one or more 
priesthood or sacrament meetings, that 
we feel it necessary to clarify again this 
part of our Aaronic Priesthood program. 

"Make-up meetings" were discon- 
tinued January 1, 1953. Since that time, 
we have not knowingly made a single 
exception to the rule that if a young 
man misses a meeting it cannot be made 
up except for substitutions allowed for 
attending general conference, quarterly 
stake conference or June conference of 
MIA as set forth on page 43 in the 
Handbook for Leaders of Aaronic Priest- 
hood Under 21, published January 1, 
1953. 

This rule has not been changed, and 
no change is contemplated. 
NOVEMBER 1955 



AWARD RECORDS 
October 1, 1955 

Individual Awards 24,616 

Ward Awards — 625 

Stake Awards 30 

100% Seals 3,085 

Aaronic Priesthood Pins 6,869 



We are nearing the end of the year 
when we will compute individual 
Aaronic Priesthood award records. Please 
do not ask for exceptions to this rule for 
any reason. If a boy is absent from a 
meeting, he is absent, and his absence 
cannot be made-up en the records. 

We realize that in some instances 
this rule may appear to be unfair. But 
if leaders will try to analyze all that is 
involved, they will come face to face 
with the problem of where to stop in 
making exceptions. The very fairest 
method is to stop before any exceptions 
are made, and then there can be no 
charge of favoritism or partiality. 



Prepared by Lee A. Palmer 



Avoid Argument in 
Ward Teachini 



There is an old proverb that says, 
"Win an argument and lose a 
friend." Most of us are witnesses of 
this practical bit of philosophy. The 
prudent teacher avoids argument in 
modern methods of teaching. There 
seems to be an element of compulsion 
in argument that most of us resist. 
Sometimes we become too vigorous in 
our efforts to convince those who differ 
with us, and we overlook the virtues of 
kindness and tact. It is unwise to force 
our opinions and beliefs upon those who 
do not agree with us. Landor teaches 
us the value of sound judgment in this 
matter: 

Heat and animosity, contest and conflict, 
may sharpen the wits, although they rarely 
do; they never strengthen the understand- 
ing, clear the perspicacity, guide judgment, 
or improve the heart. 

Explanation is far more effective than 
argument in successful teaching. It 
makes possible peaceful comparisons. 
Ofttimes differences of opinion are 
only the results of misunderstandings. 
Through the means of explanation, 
satisfactory meanings and proper in- 
terpretations are given, thus reconciling 
existing differences. Arguments fre- 
quently conclude with the participants 
farther apart than at the beginning, 
while explanation brings us closer to- 
gether. Argument may close the door 
to further opportunity, but explanation 
will keep it open. 

Ward teachers should avoid argument 
by seeking to explain, to teach. 



Aaronic Priesthood 

New Roll Books 
Not Needed for 1956 

Please do not order new Aaronic 
Priesthood roll books for 1956 unless 
you do not have quorum rolls issued 
January 1, 1955. 

Roll books for 1955 were made up to 
last from two to four years. We have 
only a small stock of the current roll 
books, and they should be requested on- 
ly where specifically needed. 

835 








Lewella 
Christiansen 





For Family, Home, and Temple 

Qhnstiansen Qives 




—Photo by Lignell & Gill 



by A I lie Howe 



When the frost is on the punkin' 
and the fodder's in the shock," 
you can be certain that when 
the EIRay L. Christiansen family 
gather at home for Thanksgiving it is 
a wonderful day. The traditional 
turkey dinner with all the grand- 
children at grandmother's house is 
not an idle fancy for this family; it 
is a thrilling reality. For the Chris- 
tiansen children, from their earliest 
remembrance, home has been a place 
for fun, love, and companionship, and 
always the best place in town for good 
food. 

A touch of the nostalgic old-fash- 
ioned Thanksgiving has prevailed 
with this family, for this is the time 
everyone does something to help. 
There is an apron for all, even the lit- 
tle ones. Grandmother's very best 
china is polished up, the loveliest 
linens are spread, the silver laid, and 
when Mr. Tom Turkey comes from 
the oven — well, there is excitement 
unlimited. Everyone comes running 
as Grandmother opens the oven door. 
After the first breath-taking exclama- 
tions come the afterthoughts of "Oh, 
so brown," and "So beautiful," and 
"I can hardly wait." With this 
luscious tempter before them, every- 
one bustles to do his 
part to get the meal 
on the table. Just as 
the family is seated, 
Grandmother brings 

o 

basket of her 
famous melt-in-your 



mouth rolls. And then a hush settles 
over the gathering, and everyone 
turns toward Grandfather. In true 
patriarchal fashion he has always 
presided over his home, and now the 
family awaits his leading them in a 
praver of thanksgiving. 

This has always been a thankful 
home, a home of gratitude for the 
blessings and love of their Heavenly 
Father and a home of true loving 
spirit one towards another. For Sister 
Christiansen her love for home was 
developed in early life when her 
mother played the organ and en- 
couraged Lewella to use her lovely 
voice by singing Church hymns. And 
there was her grandmother who 
seemed so queenly in her white lacy 
collar, wearing pretty, shining combs 





836 



— A Barton Photo 
Cinnamon rolls, a favorite of the 
Christiansen family. 



in her hair. It was from her grand - 
mother that Lewella heard her first 
stories of Washington, Franklin, Lin- 
coln, and the Prophet Joseph Smith. 
She has continued to study the lives 
of these and other great men and 
women and has sought to apply the 
principles of their greatness to her 
living, in her home, and to the lives 
of her children. She now tells these 
stories to her eight grandchildren, 
inspiring in them the same love of 
home and of the Lord that she re- 
ceived from her grandmother. And to 
her three children, Frances Jean (El- 
wood), (Doctor) John R., and Dottie 
(Murdock), she has imparted her 
love for music, literature, paintings, 
and other fine arts. Music has been 
a fundamental enjoyment for the 
Christiansens, and the children not 
only have played instruments, but 
also through their mother have 
learned about the composers, the 
writers, the artists and their lives, 
and then have appreciated their lives 
as interpreted through their master- 
pieces. 

"Work isn't work to me," said 
Lewella Christiansen. "I have al- 
ways enjoyed my home. Cooking just 
seems a pleasure, and caring for my 
children was a real privilege. When 
the youngsters came home from 
school, I was there and had a little 
snack for them. In wintertime I'd 
have a big fire glowing in the fire- 
place when they opened the door. 
When the children were dating, my 
husband and I would light the fire 
just before we expected them home, 
and a tray of sandwiches and cookies 
or something else we knew they would 
enjoy was ready for them. Often- 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



times there would be a nice warm 
batch of cinnamon rolls; those were 
family favorites. The children knew 
they could find something tasty to 
eat when they came home. 

"When they were ill, I would pre- 
pare good, nourishing food for them. 
I especially enjoyed trimming their 
trays so their weak little appetites 
would be tempted." 

Those little niceties are important 
to Sister Christiansen for she feels 
that it is the sprig of mint, the 
maraschino cherry, spray of coconut, 
thin lemon slice, chopped parsley, or 
other garnish that is important to ef- 
fective and tempting meal prepara- 
tion. 

And those extras are a part of every 
day for Lewella Christiansen , but 
they are especially important on fes- 
tive days such as Thanksgiving. Of 
course the dinner is usually com- 
pleted with a dish of old-fashioned 
carrot or suet pudding, covered with 
a colorful dip topped with mint leaves 
and a red cherry. 

Toward the end of the day, a tray 
lunch is served in the living room. 
This time the family is treated to 
warm lemonade, rolls so carefully 
warmed over they seem as if they are 
fresh from the oven, a piece of cold 
turkey, and a crispy fruit cup treat. 

Suet (Carrot) Pudding 
(serves ten) 



72 

1 

2 
1 
1 
1 
1 

Vz 
1 

1 

Va 

/4 

I 

y 2 
i 

V/2 



cup suet (finely ground) 
cup butter (scant) 
cup sugar 
eggs, well beaten 
cup grated raw carrots 
cup chopped nuts 
cup raisins 
cup dates, cut 
cup chopped apples 
cup sifted flour 
teaspoon soda 
teaspoon salt 
teaspoon cinnamon 
teaspoon cloves 
teaspoon nutmeg 
cup bread crumbs 



Cream butter and sugar thoroughly 
and add eggs. Stir in carrots, nuts, 
dates, raisins, apples, and suet, and mix 
well. Then add sifted dry ingredients 
and bread crumbs. Put in greased \y 2 
quart mold. Cover and steam from 3 
to 4 hours or until well done. Serve 
while hot. 

Sister Christiansen advises that the 
pudding is spicy, so adjust seasonings 
to taste. 
NOVEMBER 1955 



Vanilla Sauce 

1 cup milk 

1 cup sugar 
73 teaspoon salt 
]/ 8 pound butter 

1 teaspoon vanilla 

Heat milk; add sugar, salt, butter, 
and vanilla 
Y 4 cup milk 

2 or 3 tablespoons flour 
Mix together until smooth. 

Bring milk mixture to a boil and 
add thickening. Stir constantly until 
desired thickness is obtained. While 
hot, pour over pudding. 

Yeast Rolls 

1 cake compressed yeast 
! /4 cup lukewarm water 
Y 4 cup sugar 
|/4 cup butter 
\y 2 teaspoon salt 

1 cup scalded milk 

1 egg, beaten 

4 cups sifted flour (approximately) 

Soften yeast in water. Add l l / 2 tea- 
spoons sugar. Add butter, rest of sugar 
and salt to hot milk. Stir until sugar 
is dissolved. Cool, then add egg. Stir 
in softened yeast. Sift flour into liquid 
ingredients; mix well. Turn dough onto 
lightly floured board. Knead quickly 
until smooth and elastic. Form into 
smooth ball. Place ball of dough in 
greased bowl and turn over once or 
twice to grease the surface. Cover and 
let rise in warm place (about 85° F.) 
about one hour or until double in bulk. 
Turn out onto board, knead well again, 
and shape as desired. Bake in moderate 
oven. 

Sister Christiansen believes one of her 
secrets of success for hot rolls is the use 
of butter rather than shortening. 

For rewarming that restores original 
freshness, she recommends sprinkling 
just a little water over a pan of rolls, 
covering the pan and placing in hot 
oven. If desired, just before removing 
from oven, brush the tops of the rolls 
with a light mixture of butter and sugar 
or butter and honey, thus giving the 
rolls a deliciously fresh appearance. 
Slip back in the oven for a couple of 
minutes and then serve. 



1 



' 74 

1 

74 

3 

Wi 

4% 
1 



Cinnamon Rolls 

package active dry yeast 
(or 1 cake compressed yeast) 
cup warm water 
cup milk 
cup sugar 
tablespoons butter 
teaspoons salt 
cups flour 
beaten egg 



Soften yeast in water and stir until 
dissolved. Scald milk and to it add 
sugar; stir until dissolved, then add but- 



ter and salt. Mix well and cool until 
lukewarm. Sift \ l / 2 cups flour into 
cooled liquid, mix, and then add well- 
beaten egg. Stir in softened yeast. 
After mixing thoroughly, add remaining 
flour and blend dough. Cover, and let 
rise until double in bulk. Knead well 
and let rise again. Roll in an 18 x 9 
inch rectangle. Spread as follows: 

y 4 cup melted butter 
y 2 cup sugar 
2 teaspoons cinnamon 
/2 cup raisins ■ 

Brush rolled dough with melted but- 
ter or margarine. Combine sugar, cin- 
namon, and raisins, and sprinkle over 
dough. Roll up as for jelly roll; cut 
in one inch slices, and let rise again 
until double in bulk. Now take: 

73 cup melted butter 
% cup brown sugar 
walnut halves 

Mix butter and brown sugar and 
spread in bottom of two 8x8x2 inch 
pans; dot with walnut halves. 

Place risen rolls in these pans and 
bake in moderate oven about 25 min- 
utes or until done. Cool five minutes in 
pan; then invert rolls on cooling rack 
set over waxed paper to catch any excess 
syrup. Makes eighteen rolls. 

In speaking of the family, Presi- 
dent Christiansen rejoiced in the de- 
light of his children in coming home. 
"They all like to come and bring 
their families, and we like to have 
them. The main thing we have tried 
to do is make our children love home 
so they would desire to come back 
whenever possible." 

President and Sister Christiansen 
have filled two missions together, the 
first in the Central States, and then 
later they presided over the Texas- 
Louisiana Mission. .For more than 
eight years he was president of the 
Logan Temple, and she served along- 
side her husband as matron of the 
temple. At the time he was called to 
be an Assistant to the Council of the 
Twelve, they left their beloved family 
home in Logan and moved to Salt 
Lake City. Later President Chris- 
tiansen's new responsibilities included 
the presidency of the Salt Lake Tem- 
ple. There he and his wife have con- 
tinued their teamwork, for she is 
matron of that temple at this time. 

They love their work and are de- 
voted to the cause they serve. But 
that is natural, for those who know 
the Christiansens know their love 
for the gospel and people. One of 
their greatest joys today is meeting 
(Concluded on following page) 

837 



Getting Ready For Sunday 

by Verda Mae Christensen 



Most of us have known the pleas- 
ant satisfaction of Sundays when 
the house was clean and shiny 
and special, when clothes were ready 
and shoes were shined and hair was 
clean and curled, when lawns were 
mowed and cars were washed, and 
when the whole family went to 
church not once but twice. They 
were pleasant days, inspiring days, 
"Sun" days. 

They weren't any accident. They 
were pleasant and memorable be- 
cause somebody planned them; some- 
body worked for them — a mother 
mostly, but the rest of the family, 
too — the whole six days. We are 
commanded to work six days of the 
week and to rest on the Sabbath. Our 
surest way of not working, then, is 
to see to it that we have no work to 
do. We won't be tempted to wash 
the car if it is already clean and shiny, 
to scrub the floor if it has just been 
done, or to mow the lawn if it is fresh- 
ly cut and trimmed. Happy is the 
family that co-operates with an eye 
single to the values of Sunday. 

If we aren't getting ready for Sun- 
day successfully, it might be help- 
ful for us to analyze our methods, 
our habits, our routine. Should we 
simplify Sunday dinner? Do we stay 
out too late on Saturday night? Might 
it be better to do the heavy cleaning 
some other day than Saturday or to 
have the big party on a Friday night, 



and make Saturday a free day for 
checking clothes, fixing a few special 
dishes, and perusing our Sunday 
School lesson? 

When Sunday School starts at an 
early hour and children are very 
young, it often helps Mother if Dad 
gets the children in Sunday best as 
soon as they get up and before he 
leaves for priesthood meeting. It takes 
quite a bit of time to make two 
changes on Sunday morning, and if 
Mother arranges some quiet play like 
puzzles or coloring books, the chil- 
dren will usually stay thoroughly pre- 
sentable until Sunday School time 
arrives. 

Our plans are all very well in 
theory, but we often bog down in the 
practice. We sleep in; we procrasti- 
nate; and the best plans of all of us 
run into trouble. Then it is that we 
need to remember our correct princi- 
ples and govern ourselves. Which is 
more important — that we go with our 
children to Sunday School or that we 
make the beds, do the breakfast dishes, 
and tidy up the house on Sunday 
morning; that our husbands go to 
priesthood meeting or that they stay 
home to help us; that we prepare a 
sumptuous Sunday dinner for the fam- 
ily or that we ourselves have an in- 
tellectual and spiritual feast at stake 
conference; that we visit relatives on 
Sunday afternoon or that children 
who need naps be home and rested 



and dressed and fed when the time 
for sacrament meeting comes; that we 
impress our neighbors with our fine 
clothes or that we impress our chil- 
dren with our fine spirit? One Sun- 
day morning I was provoked at my 
three-year-old son because he would 
not dress himself, a task of which he 
was thoroughly capable. I gave vent 
to my aggravation by shoving him 
into his Sunday sweater. "Mommie," 
he remonstrated, "Heavenly Father 
wants us to love each other in our 
family." I had been more concerned 
about the social discredit of being 
late. 

We are told in the scriptures to 
seek first the kingdom of God and his 
righteousness. Some Sundays find us 
seeking first the big dinner, the clean 
house, and the beautiful yard. 

There are Sundays when, because 
we or our children are ill, we are 
unable to attend meetings. They 
come frequently enough that we 
should allow ourselves no other ex- 
cuse. Even then, does the mere fact 
that we are compelled to stay home 
give us license to make that "stay 
home" day like any other work day? 
We need to prepare for it, too. If we 
cannot go to the house of the Lord in 
prayer, we can still arrange for a 
compensating amount of spiritual 
thought and study in the sanctuary 
of a home that is "ready for Sun- 
day." 



IEWELLA CHRISTIANSEN GIVES THANKS 



(Concluded from preceding page) 

young people coming to the temple 
for the first time, and then seeing 
them go from the house of the Lord 
spiritually uplifted and filled with 
the realization that this has been one 
of the greatest events of their lives. 

The Christiansens feel that it is 
their obligation to see that those 
coming to the house of the Lord are 
properly impressed and understand 
at least in part what they have re- 
ceived. "We want to see them go 
away feeling that the Lord loves 
them and is mindful of them, that 
his greatest concern is for his chil- 

838 



dren, and that they have now be- 
come endowed with blessings that 
this world cannot provide." 



— ♦ ■ 



AFTER STORM 

By Helen Maring 

TThe grass blades turn to fronds of frost 

That glisten like a dream. 
Come, walk a path that magic crossed, 
Where crystal branches gleam. 

The trunks of trees make silhouettes — ■ 
Forgotten leaves are sear, 
But silver frost pays winter's debt 
With beauty for the year. 

A silver maze of twig and bough, 
Each tree is made of light. 
God's wonder-world awakes from cold, 
Wrought-silver out of night. 



President and Sister Christiansen 
strive diligently to keep the house of 
the Lord from becoming common- 
place by bringing to it the same 
dignity, love, and attention they have 
always given in their own home. 
Whether presiding in their home or 
in the house of the Lord, the Chris- 
tiansens have brought strength, peace, 
and a sweet spirit of good will to all 
about them. 

The age-old family piece of God 
Bless Our Home is displayed on their 
walls, and God has blessed them in 
that home, a glorious cause for happy 
thanksgiving. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



MELCHIZEDEK PRIESTHOOD 



(Concluded from page 833) 
through their continued righteousness 
to the end will receive a fulness of 
the blessings of the priesthood, even 
exaltation or eternal life in the celes- 
tial degree of glory. On this subject 
the Prophet Joseph Smith also de- 
clared: 

If a man gets a fulness of the Priesthood 
of God, he has to get it the same way that 
Jesus Christ obtained it, and that was by 
keeping all the commandments and obeying 
all the ordinances of the house of the 
Lord. 17 

President Joseph Fielding Smith ex- 
plained how one may obtain a ful- 
ness of the priesthood. To quote: 

... if you want salvation in the fullest, 
that is exaltation in the kingdom of God, 
so that you may become his sons and his 
daughters, you have got to go to the tem- 
ple of the Lord and receive these holy 
ordinances which belong to that house, 
which cannot be had elsewhere. No man 
shall receive fulness of eternity of exaltation 
alone; no one shall receive that blessing 



alone; but man and wife when they receive 
the sealing power in the temple of the Lord, 
shall pass on to exaltation and shall con- 
tinue and be like the Lord and that is the 
destiny of man, that is what the Lord de- 
sires for his children. . . . 18 

... If we want to receive the fulness of 
the priesthood of God then we must receive 
the fulness of the ordinances of the house of 
the Lord and keep his commandments. This 
idea that we can put off our salvation be- 
cause of some weakness of the flesh until 
the end and then our children will go and 
do this work for us in the temple of the 
Lord when we are dead will get us no- 
where. Salvation for the dead is for those 
who die without a knowledge of the gospel 
so far as celestial glory is concerned and 
those who have rejected the truth and who 
fought the truth, who would not have it, 
are not destined to receive celestial glory. 

Priesthood Quorums to Engage in 
Temple Work 

From the days of the Prophet 
Joseph Smith, each of the presidents, 
who in turn have held the keys of 
the sealing power, have continuous- 



FOR THAT NIPPY NIGHT 



When the days are blustery and 
the nights are stinging cold, the 
warm glow from the fireplace 
and a tasty warm-you-up treat com- 
pletes a time when friendships have 
been refreshed by welcome visitors. 
But don't exclude your family from 
the enjoyment of tingling garden con- 
somme cup with a toasted cheese 
shrimp slice. They'll love it for the 
family night food special or after the 
football game. 

Garden Consomme 

2 cans condensed consomme 
(dilute as directed on can) 
l / 2 lemon, juiced 

lemon slices 
Y 4 cup carrots, finely diced 
! /4 cup green pepper, chopped 
l / 4 cup celery, finely ground 
2 tablespoons butter or margarine 
salt to taste 

Combine consomme and water and 
simmer about five minutes. Add 



ground celery and lemon juice. In 
buttered skillet cook diced pepper and 
carrots until pepper becomes slightly 
tender. Add to consomme and sim- 
mer another five minutes. Float 
lemon slices topped with mint leaf 
in each consomme cup. Serve an as- 
sortment of crispy soup crackers. 

Cheese Shrimp Slice 

From a bread slice, cut four large 
squares and spread generously with 
butter. Top each piece with one 
large shrimp and cover with a blanket 
of medium nippy cheese. Toast in 
oven broiler until cheese is soft. Re- 
move, garnish with sliced stuffed 
olive or a cross of tomato ketchup, 
and serve while hot with garden con- 
somme. 

Complete this food fare with hot 
roasted nuts heated in your oven, 
and send your guests home, warmed 
in their hearts from their evening's 
associations, and armed against the 
biting outside cold. 



ly encouraged priesthood quorums 
throughout the Church to participate 
actively in temple work. It is not 
only the privilege but also the duty 
of every faithful priesthood holder to 
go to the house of the Lord and have 
his relatives sealed unto him, not 
only his wife and children but also 
his ancestors, that when they walk 
through the gates of heaven all those 
who have been sealed may have claim 
upon each other. This is vital in 
order that members of the kingdom of 
God might go forward to their exalta- 
tion and glory in all things. 

17 Joseph Smith, cited in Joseph Fielding Smith, 
op. cit., p. 17. 
™Ibid., pp. 19-20. 
™Ibid., p. 17. 



NOVEMBER 1955 



With the President in Europe 

(Continued from page 800) 

Bennett, Elder Robert F. Bennett, 
branch president of the Edinburgh 
district, took charge of the street meet- 
ing held by the missionaries. They 
gave such outstanding talks that they 
drew by far the largest crowd of any 
group assembled. 

A short sight-seeing trip permitted 
us to visit Edinburgh Castle, Sir 
Walter Scott's monument on Princess 
Street, the birthplace of John Knox, 
the porch of the house from which he 
preached his sermons against the 
wishes of Mary, Queen of Scots. We 
also saw the St. Giles Cathedral 
where John Knox preached. 

That evening, President McKay 
was speaker at the meeting of the 
Church members in the Glasgow Dis- 
trict. 

The next morning at 7 o'clock we 
left for London, England. We missed 
the missionaries who were to meet us, 
and took a terminal bus from the air- 
field to the hotel, which is situated 
just across the street from Hyde Park. 

Later, we walked over to the park 
to see whether the elders were holding 
a street meeting. Unfortunately they 
were not, so we walked around and 
listened to other preachers who were 
speaking to the groups gathered 
around them. The right of free 
speech prevails in England. We were 
intensely interested in what we saw 
and heard. 

(Continued on following page) 

839 



WITH THE PRESIDENT IN EUROPE 



(Continued from preceding page) 

It was hard to realize that we were 
walking in Hyde Park with the Presi- 
dent of the Church. Little did these 
preachers and people know that a 
prophet of God was in their midst! 

London is a fabulous city, and as 
we walked its streets we were filled 
with wonder and appreciation of the 
important part it had played in his- 
tory. Our thoughts also turned with 
deep appreciation to our forebears 
who had joined the church and suf- 
fered persecution and hardships. 

On August 27, 1955, President 
McKay and his party proceeded to 
Newchapel to attend ground-break- 
ing services for the London Temple. 
We rode for twenty-four miles 
through beautiful stretches of Eng- 
land's countryside. President McKay 
was interested and thrilled with the 
harvested crops in the verdant fields. 
There was probably awakened just 
a tinge of longing for his farm in 
Huntsville, the place he loves so well. 

As Newchapel burst upon our view, 
we were entranced with the beauty 
of the place. The sloping green 
lawns, the stately old trees, beauti- 
ful flowers and shrubbery, make an 
ideal setting for the London Temple, 
the first to be built in Great Britain. 

Ground-breaking services were held 
a short distance from where the tem- 
ple will be built. Official guests at 
the services were President and Sister 
McKay, Sir Thomas Bennett, super- 
vising architect for the temple, and 
Lady Bennett, Elder and Sister Rich- 
ard L. Evans, Elder and Sister Edward 
O. Anderson, and the President's 
party. 

Although there was a light rain 
during the services, the clouds dis- 
pelled, and the program continued 
without interference. Music by the 
Tabernacle Choir was featured, and 
addresses were given by President 
Reiser, Sir Thomas Bennett, Edward 
O. Anderson, with President McKay 
the concluding speaker. 

Immediately following his remarks 
President McKay moved toward the 
spot on which the temple is to be 
erected, took the shovel, and turned 
the first shovelful of earth. He pro- 
nounced his benediction and blessing 
upon the spot for the erection of the 
temple. 

An historic event had taken place, 
and our hearts were full of gratitude 
for the presence of our Prophet and 
for those former missionaries and 

840 



leaders of the Church who had intro- 
duced the gospel in England. 

On Sunday, August 28, a sacred 
service was held in Royal Albert Hall, 
London. Members of the Church in 
London, officials and members of the 
Choir, and the President's party were 
in attendance. The historic auditori- 



um is magnificent; tiers of boxes en- 
circle the entire hall; beautiful deco- 
rations are on the walls and ceilings; 
in the center of the main hall stands 
a round enclosure forming a lily 
pond with beautiful flowers and 
shrubbery. On August 30, the choir 
(Continued on following page) 



I 
6 



^Jiie cJLovia <^Look 



Richard L. Evans 



HThere seems to be little evidence that the Creator of the 
■*■ universe was ever in a hurry. Everywhere on this 
bounteous and beautiful earth, and out into the farthest 
reaches of the firmament, there is evidence of patient pur- 
pose and planning and working and waiting. This is a 
point to remember when we become too impatient with our 
own problems or with the many unanswered questions that 
are in the minds of most of us. And when our troubles 
trouble us too much, when our lives become too tense, it 
might be well to take time for a long look — out into the in- 
finite and awesome vastness of the universe — across "worlds" 
that can't be counted — in sight of "suns" that can't be num- 
bered — into space that can't be contemplated by the mortal 
mind of man. ". . . and any man who hath seen any or 
the least of these hath seen God moving in his majesty and 
power." 1 Everywhere there is evidence of long, unhurried 
plan and pattern and purpose, of intelligence and continuous 
creation, and of the Creator — which makes one ask in all 
earnestness: "What is man, that thou are mindful of him?" 2 
He must be important in the infinite plan and purpose or he 
wouldn't have the intelligence and the opportunities he has. 
And he is important — so much so that the Lord God made 
man in "his own image"' 5 and has set before him limitless 
and everlasting possibilities. And yet the most penetrating 
mind among us has profound reason to feel small and humble 
and repentant, for with all our brilliance and accomplish- 
ment (and sometimes stupidity) we are only children on the 
shore of an eternal sea. With all we know, or think we 
know, there is infinitely much that we must leave to time — 
including some of our troubles and some of our sorrows and 
some of our unsatisfied questions. And a long look at the 
endless, orderly plan and purpose of the Father of us all 
may make some of the petty and passing things appear not 
so important as they sometimes seem. And when we find 
ourselves in conflict and confusion, we can well learn to 
wait a while for all the evidence and all the answers that 
now evade us. Thank God for a glorious and interesting 
world, for truth, for "infinity," and for "eternity" in which 
to find it — and for faith and assurance of the limitless and 
everlasting future.* 

Uhe Spoken [/Word FROM TEMPLE square 
PRESENTED OVER KSL AND THE COLUMBIA BROADCASTING 

SYSTEM, AUGUST 28, 1955 

Copyright, 1955 



*Revised. 
J D & C 88:47. 
2 Psalm 8:4. 
3 Genesis 1:27. 

THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



sang in this elegant hall and received 
enthusiastic applause, especially for 
"Come, Come, Ye Saints," and "Oh, 
my Father." 

On Monday, August 29, President 
Reiser took President and Sister Mc- 
Kay and their party to see Stoke Poges 
Church, built in 1086 by the Nor- 
mans. In this church the forebears 
of William Penn of Pennsylvania 
fame are buried. Inside the church- 
yard is the grave of Thomas Gray, 
author of "Elegy Written in a Coun- 
try Churchyard." As we rode along 
the beautiful countryside of England, 
President McKay read Gray's "Elegy" 
to us, and it was a great privilege to 
have him read those beautiful lines 
to us, and to stand beside Gray's 
grave and pay tribute to this great 
poet. 

On a plaque on the door of the old 
church is written the following, ac- 
credited to Lady Julian of Norwich, 
"Our courteous Lord willeth that we 
should be as homely with him as 
heart may think or soul desire. But 
let us beware that we take not this 
homeliness so recklessly as to leave 
reverence and courtesy." This state- 
ment might well be used in some of 
our chapels at home. 

On Sunday, September 4, President 
McKay presided at dedicatory services 
of the French Mission headquarters. 
President McKay's addresses will long 
be remembered by old and young 
alike in that mission. In Sunday 
School he told, in his inimitable way, 
the following story: 

"There were once two little boys — 
one who had riches and all the mate- 
rial things of life, and the other 
whose parents were poor and who 
was denied the luxuries enjoyed by 
his friend. Because of this he be- 
came envious of the boy who had 
everything, so he thought, and he 
forgot his real blessings: health, vigor 
of body and mind, eyesight, hearing, 
and most of all loving parents and 
a good home. One day he heard the 
story of Helen Keller. (President 
McKay told the story of the struggle 
of Miss Keller and her ultimate suc- 
cess.) The young lad never forgot 
the story, and he decided that he 
had more by far than his rich friend, 
and that he would never be ungrate- 
ful again." 

After leaving Paris we rode through 
the delightful Alsace-Lorraine Valley 
on our way to Bern. Rich and fer- 
tile, this valley abounds in vegetable 
gardens, hayfields, and luxurious 
growth of all kinds. The valley also 
NOVEMBER 1955 



is noted for its rich coal mines. We 
could well understand why both 
France and Germany have been de- 
sirous of owning Alsace-Lorraine. 

Our party arrived in Bern, Septem- 
ber 7, and received a glorious wel- 
come at the railroad station by the 
brethren and sisters from home who 
had preceded us and by the mission 
presidents. 

September 8. Though it is President 
McKay's birthday, he carried on the 
duties that were crowding upon him. 
Early in the morning Brother Ed- 
ward O. Anderson called for the 
President to take him to the temple 
for an inspection of the building prior 
to its dedication. The President was 
pleased to find everything in readi- 
ness, although three weeks before, it 
had looked impossible to complete. 

During the day the President re- 
ceived cablegrams from all over the 
world extending birthday greetings. 
Flowers filled his room. In the 
evening a dinner party was given in 
his honor at which the following 
guests were in attendance: Sister 
Henry D. Moyle (Elder Moyle was 
fulfilling an assignment given to him 
by President McKay), Richard Moyle, 
President and Sister Samuel E. Bring- 
hurst, President and Sister William F. 
Perschon, their granddaughter, Elder 
and Sister Gordon B. Hinckley, Dr. 
and Sister Edward R. McKay, and 
Clare Middlemiss. 

Elder Hinckley toasted the Presi- 
dent: "It is a great span and a most 
eventful one from 1873 to 1955. It 
is a marvelous evolution from a boy- 
hood in Huntsville to a citizen at 
home in every great city in the world. 
It is a most remarkable step from 
ignorance of Mormonism as it was 
recorded in the nineteenth century to 
an honored place among great men 
everywhere you go. Tonight we pay 
tribute and honor to you — a man 
loved by his people, a man respected 
by the world, a man honored by the 
Lord. To you we drink a toast, and 
say God bless and keep you with us." 

President McKay responded: "All 
such occasions, all such tributes, tend 
to increase one's sense of responsi- 
bility. Every occasion which calls 
forth commendation, merited or un- 
merited, makes me feel more de- 
pendent upon two great sources of 
strength: (I) our Heavenly Father, 
without whose aid nothing in this 
Church could be accomplished, and 
(2) the strength, confidence, and 
love of my associates. If we have 
these two, nothing can daunt us. 



Difficulties can be overcome. To- 
night you have just added an assur- 
ance that I have the love of my loved 
ones and the love of my associates." 

This is a birthday I shall remem- 
ber, with others, as one of the most 
outstanding and impressive of my life. 
God bless you all." 

It was an impressive evening and 
wonderful to be celebrating the Pres- 
ident's birthday in this beautiful 
land of Switzerland. 

On Sunday, September 11, the 
eventful day arrived — the dedication 
of the Swiss Temple at Bern, the 
first temple to be erected in Europe! 
Although it had rained steadily the 
day before, the rain ceased for this 
hallowed day. 

Elder Edward O. Anderson drove 
the President and his party to the 
temple, which is four and a half miles 
from the city of Bern. As the temple 
came into view, our hearts were filled 
with emotion. The temple and the 
surrounding lawn and flowers were 
glorious. Many members and mission- 
aries had gathered on the walks, and 
outside the grounds the townspeople 
had assembled. 

As President and Sister McKay en- 
tered the building, the missionaries 
formed a pathway for them, standing 
in reverent silence. The services were 
held in the celestial room, a modestly 
decorated room, but in excellent taste. 
A feeling of peace and tranquility 
rilled the room. The choir members 
were seated in a circle around this 
room, and in the main assembly 
room. President McKay presided and 
conducted the meeting. He an- 
nounced the first hymn to be sung in 
the sacred edifice would be "The 
Morning Breaks, the Shadows Flee." 
President William F. Perschon of the 
Swiss-Austrian Mission offered the in- 
vocation, after which the choir sang, 
"Holiness Becomes the House of the 
Lord." (See page 795 for President 
McKay's opening remarks.) 

Addresses were given by President 
Samuel E. Bringhurst, Elder Ezra Taft 
Benson, following which President 
McKay delivered the dedicatory ad- 
dress and prayer. He gave a most 
inspirational address on the purposes 
of the temple and the plan of life and 
salvation. 

Miss Ewan Harbrecht, soloist with 
the Tabernacle Choir, sang "Bless 
this House," . . . following Elder 
Bringhurst's address; the Tabernacle 
Choir sang the anthem, "Hosannah 

(Concluded on following page) 

841 



WITH THE PRESIDENT IN EUROPE 



(Continued from preceding page) 
to God and the Lamb," after Presi- 
dent McKay's dedicatory prayer. Elder 
Edward O. Anderson offered the bene- 
diction. 

President McKay remained at the 
Swiss Temple for the nine additional 
sessions, at which he addressed the 
congregations and repeated the dedi- 
catory prayer. He also addressed, 
through interpreters, three of the com- 
panies who went through the temple 
for the endowment work. 

I marvel constantly at the stamina 
and patience in travel of President 



and Sister McKay. After this trip, 
both the members of the choir and 
I shall realize more than ever the 
sacrifices the President has made in 
traveling all over the world bringing 
the glad tidings of peace and goodwill 
to all mankind and in building up the 
kingdom of God on earth. 

Following President McKay's re- 
turn to Salt Lake City, he announced 
that there would be another temple 
erected in Europe — thus adding to the 
work that can be done by the Saints 
in their homelands for themselves and 
their kindred dead. 



♦ ■ 



DEDICATORY ADDRESSES 



(Continued from page 798) 
are to treasure that trust as they 
treasure their lives. 

We are grateful that the members 
of the Church recognize that the pay- 
ment of tithes and offerings bring 
blessings, make possible the proclama- 
tion of the gospel to the ends of the 
world, and contributes to the carrying 
out of thy purposes through the build- 
ing of chapels, tabernacles, and even- 
tually temples wherever churches are 
organized in all lands and climes. 

O Father, we sense that the crying 
need of the world today is acceptance 
of Jesus Christ and his gospel to coun- 
teract false teachings that now dis- 
turb the peace of honest men and 
women, and which undermine the 
faith of millions whose belief in thee 
has been faltering and unstable, be- 
cause they have not yet had presented 
to them the eternal plan of salvation. 

Guide us, O God, in our efforts to 
hasten the day when humanity will 
renounce contention and strife, when 
". . . nation shall not lift up sword 
against nation, neither shall they 
learn war any more." (Isa. 2:4.) 

To this end bless the leaders of na- 
tions that their hearts may be cleared 
of prejudices, suspicion, and avarice, 
and filled with a desire for peace and 
righteousness. 

As one means of uniting thy chil- 
dren in the bonds of peace and love, 
this temple and other holy houses of 
the Lord are erected in thy name. 

Help thy people to realize that only 
by obedience to the eternal principles 
and ordinances of the gospel may 
loved ones who died without baptism 
be permitted the glorious privilege of 
842 



entrance into the kingdom of God. 
Increase our desire, O Father, to put 
forth even greater effort towards the 
consummation of thy purpose to 
bring to pass the immortality and 
eternal life of all thy children. This 
edifice is one more means to aid in 
bringing about this divine consumma- 
tion. 

To this end, by the authority of 
the Holy Melchizedek Priesthood, we 
dedicate the Swiss Temple of the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day 
Saints, and consecrate it for the pur- 
pose for which it has been erected. 

We dedicate to thee, our Heavenly 
Father, the ground, the building 
from foundation to turret, and every- 
thing pertaining thereto, including all 
fixtures and furnishings, and pray 
thee to accept it in completeness; 
sanctify it, and keep it in thy provi- 
dence until all for which it has been 
designed shall have been accom- 
plished. 

Enable those who will be appointed 
custodians to protect it in purity that 
no unclean person or thing shall ever 
enter herein. Thou hast said that 
thy Spirit will not dwell in unclean 
tabernacles. Neither will it dwell in 
a house where unwholesome or selfish 
thoughts abide. Therefore may all 
who enter this holy temple come with 
clean hands and pure hearts that the 
Holy Spirit may ever be present to 
inspire, to comfort, and to bless. 

May this building ever be held 
sacred, that all who enter may feel a 
peaceful and hallowed influence, and 
may those who pass the grounds, 
whether members or non-members of 
the Church feel a hallowed influence 



and substitute for a doubt or possible 
sneer in their minds, a prayer in their 
hearts. 

Now, O God, our Heavenly Eter- 
nal Father, the faithful membership 
of thy Church, through love for thee 
and thy children, have erected to thee 
by tithes and offerings this holy house 
in which shall be performed ordi- 
nances and ceremonies pertaining to 
the happiness and salvation of thy 
children living in mortality and in 
the spirit world. 

Accept of our offering, hallow it by 
thy Holy Spirit, and protect it from 
destructive elements and the bitter- 
ness of ignorance and wickedness of 
bigoted hearts until its divine pur- 
poses shall have been consummated; 
and thine be the glory, honor, and 
praise forever, through Jesus Christ, 
our Lord and Savior, Amen and 
Amen! 

PLAN OF SALVATION 
UNIVERSAL 

Address delivered by President 
David O. McKay at the second ses- 
sion of the dedicatory service of the 
Swiss Temple held in Bern, Switzer- 
land, September 11, 1955, 2 p.m. 

For Christ also hath once suffered for 
sins, the just for unjust, that he might bring 
us to God, being put to death in the flesh, 
but quickened by the Spirit: 

By which also he went and preached unto 
the spirits in prison; 

Which sometime were disobedient, when 
once the longsuffering of God waited in the 
days of Noah, while the ark was a pre- 
paring, wherein few, that is, eight souls 
were saved by water. 

The like figure whereunto even baptism 
doth also now save us (not the putting 
away of the fikh of the flesh, but the an- 
swer of a good conscience toward God,) by 
the resurrection of Jesus Christ: 

Who is gone into heaven, and is on the 
right hand of God; angels and authorities 
and powers being made subject unto him. 
(I Peter 3:18-22.) 

I. Three Principles Enunciated 

In this scripture there are enun- 
ciated three fundamental and 
eternal principles of the gospel, 
the first of which is — 

1. The immortality of the soul. 

Jesus lived between thirty-two and 
thirty-three years as a mortal being 
on earth. During that time he met 
Peter, James, John, and others whom 
he ordained Apostles, and many men 
and women with whom he walked 
and talked in mortality. 

The silencing of his mortal heart- 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



beats upon the cross did not end his 
life. ". . . being put to death in the 
flesh," writes Peter, "but quickened 
by the Spirit: 

"By which also he went and 
preached unto the spirits in prison; 

"Which sometime (or which before 
time) were disobedient, when once 
the longsuffering of God waited in 

the days of Noah " (I Peter 3:18- 

20. Italics author's.) 

Since Christ met spirits of men who 
had lived in the days of Noah, then 
those spirits "had moved and had 
their being" in the spirit world for 
hundreds of years. As personalities 
they possessed intelligence, for Christ 
"preached" to them. Preached to 
them what? There is but one infer- 
ence; viz., the eternal plan of salva- 
tion. Note particularly that the place 
which they inhabited is called by 
Peter "a prison," not the kingdom of 
God. 

Christ's activity among these spirits 
during the time that his physical body 
lay in the tomb is evidence of man's 
immortality. The fact that human 
beings who had lived hundreds of 
years before Christ took upon himself 
mortality were at the time of his death 
living personalities and were visited 
as intelligent entities, gives assurance 
of the continuation of personality 
after death. 

2. The second principle enunciated 
by our text has at least the implica- 
tion that there is but one plan for 
spiritual attainment. 

The persistence of personality after 
physical death was known by those 
whom Christ visited. We are justi- 
fied in assuming that the memory of 
their mortal lives was then fully in- 
corporated in the memory of their 
pre-existent state; and that the vista 
of eternity lay before them. The 
realization was theirs also that the 
eternal plan of redemption from mor- 
tal death made necessary repenting 
from weaknesses and evils of mortal- 
ity. In other words, the necessity 
•of rising above animal instincts and 
desires — and they would learn that 
those who had reveled in "the works 
of the flesh" could not inherit the 
kingdom of God except by compliance 
with eternal principles and ordi- 
nances. They would realize, also, 
that noble character, the perfection 
of the spirit, can be attained only by 
the application of spiritual virtues 
enumerated by Paul as love, patience, 
gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, 
temperance, etc. 

3. Baptism essential to salvation 
NOVEMBER 1955 



A third principle set forth is that 
baptism is essential to salvation — "the 
like figure whereunto baptism doth 
now save us." 

(a) It is a symbol of death for the 
old weaknesses, indulgences; indeed, 
the burying of the physical man with 
all the animal instincts and desires, 
and the coming forth in newness of 
life to dwell in the Spirit, and to de- 
velop the spiritual attributes. 

(b) Baptism is the entrance into 
the kingdom of God; it is the door 
through which we pass from the 
physical plane into the spiritual plane. 

(c) Baptism is compliance with a 
command of God. "Except a man be 
born again, he cannot see the king- 
dom of God. . . . 

"Except a man be born of water 
and of the Spirit, he cannot enter 
into the kingdom of God." (John 
3:3, 5.) 

This temple, dedicated today, and 
other temples erected for the salva- 
tion and exaltation of the human fam- 
ily contribute to the carrying out of 
the eternal plan of salvation. The 
same laws of eternal progress are 
applicable to all of our Father's chil- 
dren whether living in a mortal or a 
spiritual existence. Such a universal 
requirement reflects divine justice. For 
God to require his children in this 
mortal state to comply with certain 
spiritual laws to enter his kingdom 
and not to make the same require- 
ment of his children living in the 



HEART BINDING 
By Verda P. Bollschweiler 

1 find such rapture in our baby's smile — 

This precious tie that binds your heart to 
mine; 

There was an emptiness until she came — 

The fabric of Our days now has design: 

To build for her a heritage of faith; 

To plant deep in her soul a love of truth; 

To help her face life calmly, unafraid, 

And keep within her heart the dreams of 
youth. 

These things now form the pattern of our 
days 

And with great faith I know we shall suc- 
ceed, 

And she shall have an inner loveliness, 

With strength and hope to meet tomorrow's 
need. 

Our days are now complete, and life is 

good — 
Together we find joy in parenthood. 



spiritual realm makes his gospel mere- 
ly a plan of partiality, and such it is 
not, for "God is no respecter of per- 
sons." 

Only by compliance with the prin- 
ciples of the gospel can peace and 
universal brotherhood be attained, 
and the soul of man progress through- 
out eternity. 

Such a divine plan is needed in 
this distracted world today. 

Referring to the necessity of moral 
integrity, sincerity, and honesty of 
purpose in "international relations, 
the signing of treaties, understand- 
ings, conventions, international po- 
lice," etc, the author of Human 
Destiny (Lecomte du Nouy) writes 
as follows: 

"We should know by this time 
that their effectiveness depends en- 
tirely on the moral character of the 
men who have draughted them or 
participated in them. We know that 
papers destined to settle for ten, 
twenty, or thirty years the relations 
between countries and the fate of their 
peoples, and signed in great pomp, 
often only engage the momentary re- 
sponsibility of the signers and are 
sometimes nothing but short-lived 
'scraps of paper.' 

"As long as there is no collective 
conscience, rendering the nations — 
that is, the citizens, not the govern- 
ments, jointly liable for the engage- 
ments taken by their representatives, 
treaties will constitute a tragic comedy 
and it is surprising that anyone can 
still be their dupe. 

"The problem of peace is far too 
grave and complex to be solved by 
such superficial methods. It will only 
be settled by systematic action on the 
minds of children and by imposing 
rigid moral structures which, in the 
absence of real conscience, slower to 
erect, will render certain acts odious. 
Were the sense of human dignity 
spread universally, it would suffice to 
guarantee the respect of the given 
word, of the signed engagement, and 
consequently would confer a real 
value to all acts and treaties. Peace 
would be assured without effort, since 
every citizen would feel morally re- 
sponsible for the fulfilment of the 
terms agreed upon. 

"Children are trained to behave 
decently in public, but nobody dreams 
of making them repeat daily, as a 
prayer, 'Every promise is sacred. No 
one is obliged to give a pledge, but 
he who breaks his given word is dis- 
honored. He commits an unpardon- 

(Concluded on page 846) 
843 



I he Prophet Joseph Smith once 
said: "Every man who has a call- 
ing to minister to the inhabitants 
of the world was ordained to that 
very purpose in the Grand Council 
in heaven before this world was. I 
suppose that I was ordained to this 
very office in that Grand Council." 1 
We read in the Bible that this was 
the case with Jeremiah 2 and John 
the Baptist who was called to be the 
messenger to prepare the way before 
the Lord. 3 Nor were these pre-mortal 
callings confined to the prophets, for 
in a remarkable prophecy made by 
Isaiah, the Lord revealed the mission 
which was assigned to Cyrus, king 
of Persia, over one hundred years 
before he was born. 4 Because of the 
fact that the original records of the 
prophets have not come down to us 
in their purity, many of these im- 
portant things, "plain and precious," 
have been eliminated by uninspired 
men. Fortunately, however, some of 
these plain parts, through the mercy 
of the Lord, have been restored, ful- 
filling the prediction of Moses con- 
cerning certain writings that were re- 
corded by him. Among these parts, 
which the world will not receive, 
some are given in the Prophet's re- 
vision of the scriptures to "as many 
as shall believe." Among these 
revelations which are restored, we 
discover that the Lord informed 
Abraham that he had chosen rulers 
from among the intelligences that 
were organized, to be given rule in 
various capacities down the ages; 
and Abraham was one of these who 
was so chosen. 5 It is reasonable to 
believe that in the beginning, before 
the earth was prepared, the Lord 
would have all things organized from 
the beginning to the end of time. It 
is written in the scriptures "Thus the 
heavens and the earth were finished, 
and all the hosts of them."' 5 This is 
equivalent to the Lord saying that 
everything was in preparation to be 
placed on the earth in its due course 
when mankind should be placed upon 
it. 

From what was written on the 
brass plates obtained by the sons of 
Lehi we have learned of some re- 
markable predictions concerning both 
Moses and Joseph Smith and the part 
assigned to each in the beginning. 
Lehi has given us this record con- 

^Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith, p. 365. 

2 Jeremiah 1:5. 

3 Malachi 3:1. Luke 1:13. 

Msaiah 44:28; 45:1-3. 

B Abraham 3:22-23. 

•Gen. 2:1. 

844 




Sculptor Avard Fairbanks' interpretation in clay of the boy "Joseph Smith in Prayer." 





ophet Joseph Smith 



by President Joseph Fielding Smith 

OF THE COUNCIL OF THE TWELVE 



cerning the missions assigned to 
Moses and to Joseph Smith. 

"Wherefore, Joseph truly saw our 
day. And he obtained a promise of 
the Lord, that out of the fruit of his 
loins the Lord God would raise up a 
righteous branch unto the house of 
Israel; not the Messiah, but a branch 
which was to be broken off, neverthe- 
less, to be remembered in the cove- 
nants of the Lord that the Messiah 
should be made manifest unto them 
in the latter days, in the spirit of 
power, unto the bringing of them out 
of darkness unto light — yea, out of 
hidden darkness and out of captivity 
unto freedom. 



"For Joseph truly testified, saying: 
A seer shall the Lord my God raise 
up, who shall be a choice seer unto 
the fruit of my loins. 

"Yea, Joseph truly said: Thus saith 
the Lord unto me: A choice seer will 
I raise up out of the fruit of thy loins; 
and he shall be esteemed highly 
among the fruit of thy loins. And 
unto him will I give commandment 
that he shall do a work for the fruit 
of thy loins, his brethren, which shall 
be of great worth unto them, even to 
the bringing of them to the knowl- 
edge of the covenants which I have 
made with thy fathers. 

"And I will give unto him a com- 
THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



EDITOR'S NOTE 

December is the sesquicentennial of the birth of the 
Prophet Joseph Smith. Mankind will always be blessed 
by what the modern-day Prophet accomplished, under di- 
rection from on high, during the short thirty-nine and 
one-half year span of his mortal existence. President 
Joseph Fielding Smith of the Council of the Twelve, him- 
self a grand-nephew of the Prophet, has graciously written 
this tribute to the man who ushered in the Dispensation 
of the Fulness of Times. 



mandment that he shall do none 
other work, save the work which I 
shall command him. And I will 
make him great in mine eyes; for he 
shall do my work. 

"And he shall be great like unto 
Moses, whom I have said I would 
raise up unto you, to deliver my peo- 
ple, O house of Israel. 

"And Moses will I raise up, to de- 
liver thy people out of the land of 
Egypt. 

"But a seer will I raise up out of 
the fruit of thy loins; and unto him 
will I give power to bring forth my 
word unto the seed of thy loins — 
and not to the bringing forth my 
word only, saith the Lord, but to the 
convincing them of my word, which 
shall have already gone forth among 
them. 

"Wherefore, the fruit of thy loins 
shall write; and the fruit of the loins 
of Judah shall write; and that which 
shall be written by the fruit of thy 
loins, and also that which shall be 
written by the fruit of the loins of 
Judah, shall grow together, unto the 
confounding of false doctrines and 
laying down of contentions, and es- 
tablishing peace among the fruit of 
thy loins, and bringing them to the 
knowledge of their fathers in the 
latter days, and also to the knowledge 
of my covenants, saith the Lord. 

"And out of weakness he shall be 
made strong, in that day when my 
work shall commence among all my 
people, unto the restoring thee, O 
house of Israel, saith the Lord. 

"And thus prophesied Joseph, say- 
kag: Behold, that seer will the Lord 
bless; and they that seek to destroy 
him shall be confounded; for this 
promise, which I have obtained of 
the Lord, of the fruit of my loins, 
shall be fulfilled. Behold, I am sure 
of the fulfilling of this promise; 

"And his name shall be called 
after me; and it shall be after the 
name of his father. And he shall be 
like unto me; for the thing, which 
the Lord shall bring forth by his 
NOVEMBER 1955 



hand, by the power of the Lord shall 
bring my people unto salvation." 7 

These prophecies concerning the 
work of Moses and that of Joseph 
Smith were recorded on the brass 
plates obtained by the sons of Lehi. 
In fulfilment of the Lord's promise, 
these few sentences have been re- 
stored; and we hereby learn some- 
thing of the greatness of the mission 
of the Prophet Joseph Smith. Among 
those who were called in that great 
council, he held a place of distinc- 
tion and honor, and a wonderful 
work for the salvation, not only of 
the house of Israel but also for all 
mankind on the face of the earth, 
was foreordained and assigned to him 
ages before he was born. President 
John Taylor spoke truly when he 
said: "Joseph Smith, the Prophet and 
Seer of the Lord, has done more, 
save Jesus only, for the salvation of 
men in this world, than any other 
man that ever lived in it." 8 

It seems to me that even we, the 
Latter-day Saints, who have accepted 
him as a Prophet of God, have to a 
great extent failed to recognize him 
and esteem him as fully as we should 
for the great work which, under the 
guidance of Jesus Christ, he per- 
formed for us and for the whole 
world. Yet, like so many of the proph- 
ets' of old, and even the Savior him- 
self, he has received the thanks of an 
unbelieving world by sacrifice and 
martyrdom. 

Any who think that the Father 
and the Son are without knowledge 
of the history of this world from its 
beginning to its end, have reason to 
humble themselves and repent. The 
day will come surely, when the Lord 
will reveal all that was made known 
to Enoch, Moses, and the brother of 
Jared, which is now hidden from our 
knowledge because of the hardness 
of our hearts, for this cannot come 
only in a day of humility and right- 
eousness. 



T 2 Nephi 3:5-15. 
8 D & C 135:3. 



A BRIEF CHRONOLOGY OF THE LIFE 
OF THE PROPHET JOSEPH SMITH 

December 23, 1805 — Born at Sharon, Wind- 
sor County, Vermont, the son of Joseph 
and Lucy Mack Smith. 

About 1818— Moved to Smith farm at Man- 
chester, near Palmyra. 

Spring 1820 — Received the vision of the 
Father and the Son in a grove of trees 
on the Smith farm. 

September 21-22, 1823— Visitation by the 
Angel Moroni. 

January 18, 1827 — Married Emma Hale. 

September 22, 1827 — Received custody of the 
Book of Mormon plates. 

April 7, 1829 — Oliver Cowdery began as 
Joseph's scribe. 

May 15, 1829 — John the Baptist restored the 
Aaronic Priesthood. 

May- June 1829 — Peter, James, and John 
conferred the Melchizedek Priesthood. 

Late March-early April 1830 — Book of Mor- 
mon came from the press. 

April 6, 1830 — The Church organized at 
Peter Whitmer's home, Fayette, New 
York. 

January-February 1831 — Moved to Kirtland, 
Ohio. 

August 3, 1831 — Dedicated site for temple at 
Independence, Missouri. 

November 8, 1832 — Visited by Brigham 
Young, Heber C. Kimball, and others from 
Vermont. 

February 27, 1833 — Received revelation on 
the Word of Wisdom. 

March 8-18, 1833— Organized First Presi- 
dency of the Church. 

October 5, 1833 — Went on mission to Can- 
ada. 

February 14, 1835 — Twelve Apostles called 
at Kirtland. 

February 28, 1835 — The Seventy called at 
Kirtland. 

March 27, 1836— Dedicated the Kirtland 
Temple. 

About June 1, 1837— Called Heber C. Kim- 
ball to undertake a mission to England. 

January 12, 1838 — Flees from Kirtland with 
Sidney Rigdon "to escape mob vio- 
lence." 

Winter 1838-39— In the Liberty Jail in 
Missouri. 

May 1, 1839 — Arranged land purchases for 
the future site of Nauvoo. 

April 15, 1840— Sends Orson Hyde to Pales- 
tine to dedicate that land for the return 
of the Jews. 

December 16, 1840 — Nauvoo charter passed 
the Illinois legislature. 

February 3, 1841 — Presented ordinances es- 
tablishing Nauvoo Legion and Univer- 
sity. 

December 24, 1841 — Announced plans for 
an immigration agency to be established 
for Church immigrants in England. 

March 1, 1842 — Began publishing the Book 
of Abraham in the Times and Seasons. 

March 17, 1842— Organized the Relief So- 
ciety of the Church. 

May 4, 1842 — Gave the temple endowment 
to a selected group meeting in the pri- 
vate office of his store in Nauvoo. 

August 6, 1842 — Prophesied that the Saints 
will remove to the Rocky Mountains. 

June 27, 1844— Killed by the mob at Carth-, 
age, Illinois, shortly after 5:15 p.m. 

845 



DEDICATORY ADDRESSES 



(Concluded from page 843) 
able crime against his dignity, he be- 
trays himself; he covers himself with 
shame; he excludes himself from hu- 
man society.' " 

Conclusion 

"Let every man remember that the 
destiny of mankind is incomparable 
and that it depends greatly on his 
will to collaborate in the transcendent 
task. Let every man remember that 
the Law is, and always has been, to 
struggle and that the fight has lost 
nothing of its violence by being trans- 
posed from the material onto the 
spiritual plane; let him remember that 
his own dignity, his nobility as a 
human being, must emerge from his 



efforts to liberate himself from his 
bondage and to obey his deepest 
aspirations. And let him, above all, 
never forget that the divine spark is 
in him, in him alone, and that he is 




free to disregard it, to kill it, or to 
come closer to God by showing his 
eagerness to work with Him, and for 
Him." (Human Destiny, by Lecomte 
du Nouy.) 

The restored Church of Jesus Christ 
is the plan given by our Heavenly 
Father whereby every human being 
who can think for himself or herself 
may work with God for the happiness 
and salvation of his or her soul. Rea- 
sonableness and justice would demand 
universal application of eternal prin- 
ciples and ordinances to persons liv- 
ing in mortality and to those living in 
the spirit world. 

Only thus may God's work and 
glory be consummated through the 
immortality and eternal life of man. 




-9s^J\>^X9\9\3\^X9VX9s3v^rN>s>^N^ 



A n ancient philosopher offered this interesting 
^*- observation: "If we could be twice young and 
twice old, we could correct all our mistakes." 1 
There is no real assurance that this is so because 
too many of us repeat our own errors, even when 
we know better. But sometimes we well may 
wonder why we have to live so long before we 
learn to live. There are many things we might 
wish we had learned sooner instead of later in 
life. There are many mistakes and misunder- 
standings along the way: mistakes of judgment, 
bad beginnings, false steps, lost time, and un- 
promising pursuits. There are strained relation- 
ships between people who should be close to one 
another, between people who have every natural 
reason to keep close, but who have differed and 
drifted apart. There are errors of understanding, 
quarrels, prejudices, unwise actions, and unwise 
utterances. And then sometime, somewhere along 
the way we learn somehow to misjudge less, to 
understand more; to be more charitable, to live 
with less friction, with less resentment, with less 
quick condemnation. Somewhere, sometime, some- 
how along the way we are likely to acquire more 
patience and understanding in our hearts. But well 
we may wish that we had learned some things 
sooner instead of later in life. Of course, some do 
learn them sooner. Some seem to mellow and to 
mature in judgment and wisdom and understand- 



Ricbard L. Evans 

ing earlier than others. But many of us live a long 
time before we seem to learn some of the fairly 
simple things that could have made life easier and 
finer for us and for others also. But as to living so 
long before we learn to live: This, no doubt, is one 
of life's principal purposes: to live — and to learn. 
We can't go back — not any of us, not at any 
time. But with an immortal future before us, 
we can go forward with the assurance that noth- 
ing we have really learned is ever lost. And our 
failures and faltering are in part growing pains. 
"If we could be twice young and twice old" could 
we correct all our mistakes? It isn't likely. And 
anyway that isn't the way a loving Father has let 
us live. But we can face the future with an assured 
faith that somewhere along the everlasting jour- 
ney we shall know that the groping, the reaching, 
the wondering, the trying and failing, and trying 
again, honestly and earnestly, will prove to be 
worth more than all the effort — and the future 
will justify our faith.* 



^Jke 



J^pokt 



Wo J" 



' "i'i FROM TEMPLE SQUARE 

PRESENTED OVER KSL AND THE COLUMBIA BROADCASTING 
SYSTEM, SEPTEMBER IS, 1955. 

Copyright, 1955 



* Revised. 

'Euripides, The Suppliant Women, 421 B.C. 



846 THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 



THE CHURCH MOVES ON 



(Continued from page 790) 
succeeds President J. Melvin Toone. 
President Lewis is currently presiding 
over the West Utah Stake in Provo. As 
a young man he filled a mission in the 
Southern States. He is a former bishop 
of the Provo Second Ward. He has 
been active in MIA and Sunday School 
work as well as community affairs in 
Provo. Accompanying him to this mis- 
sion field will be his wife and their 
two youngest children, JoAnn and Jay. 



-i A The Swiss Temple remained open 
■*■" for public inspection. 

The First Presidency announced the 
appointment of Elder Fred W. Stone as 
president of the Tongan Mission, suc- 
ceeding President D'Monte W. Coombs. 
President Stone filled a mission in 
Tonga from 1926 to 1929. He has been 
active in the MIA and Sunday School 
in the Aberdeen Ward, Blackfoot 
(Idaho) Stake, as a ward clerk of the 
Stockton (California) Ward, as a mem- 



\e 



\e66vna o 



% 



,IH 



% 



Work 



Richard L. Evans 



^here is in most of us at times a tendency not to do any- 
*- thing that is difficult to do, not to perform any un- 
pleasant service or engage in any inconvenient activity. The 
tendency is often more apparent in our younger years when 
we haven't yet had to learn some things which later in life 
we find that we must learn. In every family, in every house- 
hold, in every business and community and country, there 
are difficult, tiresome, tedious things to do — -and someone 
has to do them. But sometimes young people grow up ex- 
pecting everything to be placed before them, and sometimes 
they ask: "Why should we work?" "Why should we do any- 
thing we don't want to do?" "Why should we spend any 
part of our precious days doing difficult things when there 
are easier and more pleasant pastimes?" There are many 
answers to this kind of questioning. One that suggests it- 
self is this: It was a wise and loving Father who gave us 
work to do, a Father who knows our needs and who holds 
our happiness close to his heart. (Not that work doesn't 
become monotonous at times! Anything can become monot- 
onous. Even so-called play or pleasure can become mo- 
notonous. And above all, idleness can become monotonous. 
But it wasn't intended that any of us should live effortlessly 
or follow our own irresponsible pleasure. The Lord God 
made that clear when our first parents were sent out from the 
Garden of Eden.) Work is one of the greatest gifts that God 
has given: not just the labor required for actual existence 
(even the dumb beasts do what they are made to do or must 
do for sheer sustenance), but work done beyond sheer 
necessity, work and effort for the opportunity to learn, for 
the power to improve, for the satisfaction of serving, of cre- 
ating, of doing, of discovering. One of the greatest lessons 
of life is to learn to find joy in doing things we ought to 
want to do, even when we don't want to do them; for any 
day is a disappointing day if it is allowed to pass without 
some sincere sense of accomplishment.* 



Jke 



S^poken lA/ord FROM TEMPLE SQUARE 

PRESENTED OVER KSL AND THE COLUMBIA BROADCASTING 
SYSTEM, SEPTEMBER 11, 1955 

Copyright, 1955 



'Revised. 



NOVEMBER 1955 



ber of the bishopric of that ward, presi- 
dent of the high priests' quorum, and as 
a member of the high council of the 
San Joaquin (California) Stake. At the 
time of this appointment to preside in 
the mission, he was serving as the clerk 
of San Joaquin Stake and co-ordinator 
of the Northern California welfare re- 
gion. Mrs. Stone and their youngest 
son, David L., will accompany him to 
the field of labor. His brother is Presi- 
dent Howard B. Stone of the Samoan 
Mission. 

The appointment of Elder Charles E. 
Mitchener as assistant general secretary 
of the YMMIA was announced. 

The Salt Lake Tabernacle Choir gave 
its concert at Bern, Switzerland. 

-I -* President David O. McKay offered 
■*--■- the dedicatory prayer in the Swiss 
Temple. Among those attending the 
service were Elders Spencer W. Kimball, 
Ezra Taft Benson, Henry D. Moyle, and 
Richard L. Evans of the Council of the 
Twelve. Dedicatory services were re- 
peated twice daily through September 
15. 

Elder Grant M. Burbidge sustained 
as president of the Pioneer (Salt Lake 
City) Stake, succeeding President Henry 
A. Smith, recently called as president 
of the Central Atlantic States Mission. 
President Burbidge's counselors are 
Elder Gerhardt Drechsel, who held that 
position with President Smith, and 
Elder LaMont W. Olsen. Elder Howard 
Norton, President Smith's second coun- 
selor, was released with him. 

The Salt Lake Tabernacle Choir sang 
at the dedicatory services of the Swiss 
Temple. 

The Columbia Broadcasting System's 
radio network released the tape record- 
ing that the Tabermacle Choir made in 
Royal Albert Hall, London, during the 
choir's regular Sunday morning pro- 
gram time. 



The London Temple 

(Concluded from page 810) 
son has been appointed gardener. 
The beautiful formal gardens occupy 
about one -third of the property. It 
is a site of natural beauty the year 
around. 

Elder Edward O. Anderson said 
that the temple will be constructed of 
cut, Portland stone — something like 
Indiana limestone — and will have a 
spire of perforated aluminum. 

(We are indebted to President 
A. Hamer Reiser of the British Mis- 
sion and Elder Gayle Edwards Badd- 
ley, associate editor of the Millennial 
Star, for assistance in writing this 
article.) 

847 



Dear Editors: Fort Barr y> California 

^long with my change of "army address" to "civilian address" I 

■ wish to take this opportunity to thank all of the wonderful 
people connected with the Era for such an outstanding magazine. 

The Era means everything to me. It has brought me much 
closer to the Church during my two years of army service. I be- 
came a member of the Church soon after entering the army, and 
most of the time it has been somewhat difficult for me to be very 
active in Church activities. Consequently, I have had to depend 
mostly on reading for my study of the Church and of the gospel. 
The Era has truly been my main "teacher." There is no maga- 
zine anywhere that is finer than The Improvement Era. I'm sure 
every member of the Church would agree with me. 

May our Heavenly Father bless you always. 

Sincerely, 
/s/ Cpl. Dewey M. Pendleton 

fear Sirs: West Jordan, Utah 

enjoy every page of the Era each month; it seems as though 
whatever my problem or need, the Era has some way of know- 
ing just the right time and words to help. I especially love the 
beautifully illustrated covers. Each seems to be a poem in itself. 

Sincerely, 
/s/ Joanne B. Rose 

Dear Editors, HiIo > Hawaii 

^ few months ago I received my first copy of The Improvement 
Era, through the courtesy of Elder and Sister Chase, and I 
want to express how happy and thankful I am to be receiving 
such a wonderful magazine and my congratulations for the publi- 
cation of such an inspiring magazine. It not only informs me of 
the activities of the Church, but it is an inspiration for me to 
read the messages of the various leaders of the Church. 

May the Lord bless you in continuing this marvelous work and 
my sincere appreciation for your efforts. 

Sincerely, 
/s/ Sumiko Nakao 

I)ear Editors: Yuma ' A ri ™na 

[ am happy to be able to report that my issues of The Improve- 
ment Era are now coming through with no difficulty. I have 
received the April and May issues and expect the June issue shortly. 
Thank you very much for your kind efforts and those of your 
staff. The Era goes so far in helping to maintain a steady bal- 
ance for those of us that are in the service. It has given me much 
satisfaction and aid. . . . 

Sincerely yours, 

/s/ Zenith R. Baker, PFC 



The Light Touch 



Golf: A sport in which the ball usually lies poorly — but the 
player well. 

— Fireman's Fund Record 

Garage Owner: "Fifty dollars? That's outrageous. I wouldn't 
pay Michelangelo that price to paint my garage!" 
Painter : "If he does it for less, we'll picket the place." 

— Recorder 

Sleep is the best cure for worry, provided you do it instead. 

— South Bend Tribune 

Men who hang around waiting for something to turn up should 
begin with their own sleeves. 

— Atlanta Constitution 

A boy sought a job at a drugstore and was asked his name by the 
pharmacist. 

"Alexander Graham Bell." 

"That's a pretty well-known name, isn't it?" 

"It ought to be," the boy replied. "I've been delivering groceries 
around this neighborhood for two years." 

— Telephone Magazine 



Los Angeles, California 
Dear Brother Curtis: 

JS'omebody was kind enough to send me a copy of this magazine 
which contained the article "Spiritualized Scouting." My com- 
pliments to you! This is indeed a fine treatise, and you have 
handled it well. Congratulations! 

Believe it or not, this is the first time I have actually read a 
copy of The Improvement Era from cover to cover, including 
President McKay's "Concerning Faith," the article on the new 
Swiss Temple, and "We're Going to a Hukilau." 

I was particularly impressed with the poetry page (poetry is a 
secret passion of mine — I read any and all.) 

Kind regards and "May the angel of the Lord ride on your left 
shoulder as you go about your Father's business." 

Sincerely yours, 

BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA 
/s/ Don W. Moyer, 

Regional Scout Executive 



TROOP #346 ATTAINS RECORD 



Boy Scout Troop #346 of the Tooele Eleventh Ward, Tooele 
(Utah) Stake has had one hundred percent in their advancement 
programs for six consecutive months and have had a very high 
percentage of attendance at their regular weekly Scout meetings. 

Seated in the photograph, left to right: Kem England, Roger 
Murray, Gerald Rydalch, Dale Winchester, Clyde Tanner, Oran 
G. Mueller (second counselor in the ward bishopric), Eldon Pugh 



(scoutmaster), Floyd Hyde, Jay Riding, David Barlow, Jerry Ed- 
wards, Buddy Gibson. 

Back row: William A. Edwards (assistant scoutmaster), James 
Winchester (district commissioner), Veldon McBride, Ross 
Rydalch, Jimmie McBride, Brent Curry, Ralph Edwards, Berry 
England, Dan Murray, Raeldon Palmer, Robert Nash, Richard Eng- 
land (district commissioner), Ross Rydalch, Glen Sherwood (in- 
stitutional representative — age group assistant, YMMIA). 




■.■■■■::■■ ■ .■.■:■:■:■.■:■.: 



848 



THE IMPROVEMENT ERA 




A BENEFICIAL AGENT GIVES "FRONT PORCH" INSURANCE COUNSEL — ABOUT 1905. 





*m& 



Like his counterpart today, the life insurance agent of fifty years ago 
was an important member of the community. When he sold insurance, he 
did so with the firm conviction that he was providing a very real benefit 
and protection for his policyholders. 

Today's Beneficial Life agent is even better prepared to serve you. 
Many of our agents are Chartered Life Underwriters, which means that 
they have completed four years of rigorous professional training to achieve 
the foremost designation in the profession. Many have taken special train- 
ing in estate planning, pension trust insurance, and other highly specialized 
insurance coverage. Beneficial Life agents have been carefully selected 
and trained to give you the best kind of life insurance counseling. Then 
as now they serve you the Beneficial way. 

BENEFICIAL LIFE 



• • • 





^Muuinee 



David O. McKay, Pres 




omptmu 

Salt Lake City, Utah 



Our General Agents 
in California 

Donal J. Hill, C.L.U. 

Fresno 

Marion H. Hill 

Sacramento 

Wayne A. Reeves 
San Bernadino 

Norven W. Storrs 
San Diego 

Charles J. Taylor, C.L.U. 

Oakland 

Gilbert L. Torgeson 

Glendale 

Roy Utley 

Los Angeles 

John I. Walker 

Long Beach